Advantages And Drawbacks: Qualitative Research

Qualitative research accepts the fact that we now have many various ways of looking into and understanding our social world. It realises that there is nothing pre-determined and that there is always room for new results in the future. It can help understand people in a certain setting up. In qualitative research, the methods mostly used are; qualitative case study, ethnography, content evaluation and action research.

There a wide range of advantages and disadvantages of by using a qualitative research when investigating our sociable world. Qualitative research can offer a more comprehensive and detailed accounts of why things happen and exactly how they affect the people concerned. Alternatively though, qualitative research handles small statistics and fewer people are researched therefore it cannot generalise to the wider consumer or provide information - which makes it not representative of world. For example, just how do we realize that the conclusions from one qualitative review can be employed to another environment? (Lecture 3: Dr Gulland) In qualitative research, interviewing has many differing degrees of composition and format. A semi-structured interview is most common in qualitative research as it allows for new evidence found - rendering it more flexible according. In 1997 a qualitative interview study took place over a women's knowledge of unnatural cervical smear test results. The study took place in several Australian gynaecology treatment centers. 29 women who acquired cervical abnormalities and who got recently stopped at a gynaecologist participated in individual interviews. The aim of the analysis was to "describe how women interpret their experience of examination and treatment of a cervical abnormality and how healthcare services for such women can be improved upon. "(BMJ 1997;314:1388) After taking the interviews the results were that the women wanted to be more mixed up in decisions about their care and attention, nonetheless they found it difficult to understand the medical conditions used and believed unable to ask questions in the appointment. Also not having the ability to see their cervix managed to get problematic for women to comprehend the actual abnormality actually was and what the procedure entailed. ( BMJ 1997;314:1388) "For some women their gynaecological good care was not according to the way they known their abnormality. " (BMJ 1997;314:1388)

Another power of qualitative approach is the fact it endeavors to avoid pre-judgement and tries to represent things off their perspectives therefore the reader can see their views. However, some researchers disagree with this view stating that many people are judgemental to a certain extent and all have preconceived viewpoints - making qualitative research too subjective as it might rely too much on the particular researcher chooses to spotlight. (Release to Qualitative Research Methods: Section 1) The next methodology this article will discuss is ethnography - by means of participant observation. Participant observation is linked to ethnographic custom and can entail observing, collecting documents and interviewing. It balances on two assignments: contribution and observation - however not absolutely all of the observations entail the researcher participating, just some (Lecture 3: Dr Gulland). "While other research methods such as questionnaires and interviews can be, and are, used to gain a wider and more general picture of culture, participant observation enables the researcher to gain insight into behaviour through direct experiences"(Marsh, et. al2009 )

Another drawback of utilizing a qualitative approach is that the quality of evidence found will depend on the researcher. This is more visible in the circumstances of executing; observations, interviews and emphasis communities. However on the other side, qualitative research permits a massive amount of evidence and understanding on why certain things happen and how they affect certain people in our society. A concentration group is another qualitative method in which one or a few researchers and many volunteers meet in a group setting to go over a certain topic. Focus organizations are usually tape-recorded or even videotaped. They are efficient because they are able to ingest a massive amount of information very quickly. Also focus organizations aren't too subjective as they enable a wider range of views on a particular topic - as opposed to other methodologies that achieve the contrary. However, on the other hand focus organizations have their restrictions as they don't always tend to be employed to highly personal or socially sensitive interviews - one-on-one interviews are better-suited for such subject areas. In 2003 the WCB (Individuals' Compensation Table) tried to confront the problem of health and safety at work for 15-24 time olds. The WCB presumed that the parents of these young staff could take a dynamic part in helping to reduce traumas among the youngsters in the workplace. (WCB: 2003) Three emphasis groups occurred in May 2003, where in fact the WCB searched for the opinions of 23 parents, who had been asked for reviews on a number of issues regarding health and safety in the workplace. All the concentration group volunteers recognized the WCBs programs to create a health and safety information learning resource offer for parents and young workers. The findings were an expandable brochure would be preferred - with a good mixture of text and images. (WCB: 2003) An examination of emphasis group results proved that women were the probably to be consumers of materials on young staff member health and basic safety, and also in line with the focus group discussions, children would be more likely to listen to their parents views about workplace security before they enter the career market. (WCB: 2003)

In final result, qualitative research has many strengths and restrictions. Qualitative research provides an in depth more detailed bill of thing - it seeks to gain the understanding of individuals thoughts, behaviour and behaviours. It also creates a feeling of openness - it allows visitors to start and allows for new information that had not been even primarily considered. Furthermore, Qualitative research allows for a picture to be built up on why people act in a certain way and exactly how they also feel about these actions. However, on the other hands, qualitative research has its weaknesses. Fewer people are analyzed therefore the assortment of the info can be frustrating and also costly. There is also a generalisation problem in qualitative research - because fewer people are examined, it makes the evidence not representative of contemporary society. Furthermore, qualitative research can be seen as too subjective and is also determined by the abilities of the researcher. Some sociologists have confidence in "mixed methods" (applying several methodologies to a certain setting up). Quantitative research focusses on statistics and statistics. It's the reverse of qualitative research. However if both were put on a certain environment then surely better results would be found. Not only can you have a far more in depth and detailed bank account, you would also have data that was representative and could generalise to the wider general public. However, many experts would disagree with this view stating that it's impossible to incorporate the two strategies. Therefore, there are extensive benefits and drawbacks of by using a qualitative approach when to research the communal world. Each different strategy found in qualitative methodology has its advantages and limitations. Probably, one method may be more effective than the other - however they each all make an effort to have an improved understanding of our public world.

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