Keywords: behavior therapy case study
The key ideas of Behavior Remedy commence with view of individual nature, which really is a complex view of human being behavior that includes a methodical and well thought-out tactic to guidance. Furthermore, this view does not rely upon a deterministic hypothesis a person is a outcome only of the sociocultural conditioning; the present view suggests one is the maker and the product with their environment. The next concept of Patterns Remedy is Basic Characteristics and Assumptions, which includes "Six key characteristics of behavior remedy. " (, p. 237)
To commence with, behavior remedy includes the school of thought and occasions of the scientific method. This method uses "experimentally produced concepts of learning which are systematically applied to help people change their maladaptive habits. " (, para. 5) Furthermore, the therapist makes an discovered assessment, and then your therapists assert their remedy objectives in order to know what interventions might be utilized. Then your therapist and the client agree upon the procedure method to be utilized and finally certain research methods are used to evaluate the potency of both the diagnosis and the procedure.
In the next characteristic of habit remedy, the client's existing problems along with the factors that are impacting on these problems are analyzed. The concentrate is on the "specific factors that affect present performing and what factors may be used to adjust performance. " (, p. 238) In the 3rd characteristic, the client plays a functioning role using actions in order to cope with their problem, and keep an eye on their action both through the therapy session and once they have came back to their life outside remedy. Finally, during the therapy classes clients practice coping skills, and do role-playing of new action. Through the fourth feature, it is comprehended that change can happen even without a clear understanding of the hidden dynamics, the fifth quality "concentrate on assessing overt and covert tendencies directly, identifying the problem, and evaluating change. You can find direct assessment of the target problem through observation or self-monitoring. " (, para. 4) Finally, the 6th characteristic consists of tailoring the interventions to the particular problems of the customers, also combining several techniques to be able to assist the issues of a certain consumer.
In the case of Stan in the textbook, the therapist commences by having Stan identify those areas where he seems the necessity to make changes, and then the therapist helps Stan to understand the reason why for his tendencies, and educates him on the remedy process. Furthermore, the therapist uses such techniques as modeling, role-playing, and habit rehearsal and eventually adding In vivo vulnerability with Stan once she's explained the process and received Stan's consent.
I believe that these techniques are effective techniques that makes it possible for Stan to treat, when i revisited many of these techniques I found myself thinking about the section on Gestalt Therapy, and the section on "The Now" (, p. 202) and "Unfinished Business" (, p. 203). A number of the techniques I feel could be utilized to take incidents from the past that are impacting on the present and dealing with those occasions in the present. In Stan's circumstance, perhaps there are feelings and even things he wished he would have indicated to his mother if he had not been so intimidated by her.
Discuss the main element Concepts of Cognitive Habit Therapy and exactly how they may be used to aid Stan along with his anxiety, major depression, and excessive taking in. Include your own ideas (not only the ideas contained in the "Reason of Stan" Synopsis by the end of the section.
In Cognitive Action Therapy, there's a combination of "cognitive and behavioral ideas and methods in a short-term remedy approach. " (, p. 274) Cognitive behavioral methods include many of the essential characteristics and hypothesis of conventional behavior remedy; even though you can find a large variety in cognitive behavioral methods, each of them share certain features. These qualities are "(1) a collaborative romance between client and the therapist, (2) the idea that psychological stress is basically a function of disturbances in cognitive operations, (3) a focus on changing cognitions to produce desired changes in affect and patterns, and (4) a generally time-limited and educational treatment focusing on specific and structured goal problems. " (, p. 275)
In Cognitive Tendencies Therapy, there's a couple of renowned method s talked about in the textbook such as, Albert Ellis's rational emotive action (REBT), Aaron T. Beck's cognitive remedy (CT), and Donald Meichenbaum's cognitive tendencies therapy (CBT). In REBT, the concentration is on "thinking, judging, deciding, examining, and doing, " (, para. 3) furthermore, in REBT the essential hypothesis is that individuals are one factor in creating their own psychological dilemmas, including their unique symptoms, because of their interpretation of occasions and situations. The therapist uses certain interventions such as cognitive methods, emotive techniques, and behavioral techniques in order to help your client realize and agree to that they are individuals and humans will continue to make mistakes while teaching your client to live a far more peaceful life.
In cognitive therapy, the perception is that psychological issues comes from "commonplace process such as defective thinking, making wrong inferences of the basis of insufficient or inappropriate information, and failing to distinguish between fantasy and fact. " (, p. 275) Furthermore, much like REBT, CT uses insight-focused therapy that gives emphasis to acknowledging and changing pessimistic thoughts and maladaptive thinking. A couple of techniques used in CT are cognitive techniques and software to family therapy since core beliefs can stem from someone's family environment. Cognitive Behavior Remedy is very similar to both REBT and CT, it features many of the same techniques, assumptions, interventions and educating your client on specific things like understanding their habit, behavior adjustment, and coping skills.
In the case study of Stan in the textbook, the therapist starts by educating Stan on the significance of re-examination of his automatic thoughts and self-talks, and then your therapist works with Stan on monitoring and analyzing his self-defeating statements by challenging these assertions with certain questions. Such a question would be "you are not your dad; I question why you keep up telling yourself you are just like him?" (, p. 302) In my opinion, I think the therapist uses these kinds of questions to attempt to make Stan alert to the actual fact that he is making such negative claims, and once he is aware they can incorporate certain techniques to change such negative statements that can cause detrimental behavior.
Once Stan has an knowledge of his cognitive misrepresentations, then the therapist can incorporate such techniques as "Socratic questioning, led finding, and cognitive restructuring" (, para. 8) to be able to aid Stan in researching the reality that both preserve and oppose his core perspectives. In my personal opinion, perhaps the most reliable tools for Stan following the breakthrough of understanding the reason behind his habit, is the education on coping skills, and the homework task that he and his therapist create. My thought on the reason behind this belief is that once an individual finally understands the real reason for their unhealthy actions, then there is certainly this void between understanding the reason why for such tendencies and finding out how to change such action. Learning copying skills provides an individual the required tools to get over such thoughts as fear and anxiety that may be paralyzing therefore, assisting in the quest between understanding and changing. In addition, the homework assignments help out with taking an individual outside their comfort zone and inserting them in an area that is new and a little frightening, however, with repetition this scary area becomes less terrifying creating a fresh and healthier safe place.
Discuss the main element concepts of Fact Therapy and exactly how they may be used to assist Stan along with his anxiety, depression, and excessive drinking. Include your own ideas (not only the ideas included in the "Reason of Stan" Synopsis by the end of the section.
In Reality Remedy, the therapists believe there is merely one reason behind the issues of nearly all their clients. This notion is that your client either lacks a marriage or is within an unhealthy marriage, and that it is this longing of the individual to truly have a healthy relationship, the necessity to be near or linked with another person in a healthy romance that creates his / her problems. Furthermore, in choice theory it is thought that when were born were given birth to with five genetically encoded needs, these needs are "survival, love and belonging, power and accomplishment, freedom or freedom, and fun. " (, p. 317) In reflecting upon this belief, I came across myself thinking about Maslow's hierarchy of needs and the essential needs all folks are delivered with for success, so perhaps we are not born a bare slate just waiting for the environment to shape us.
Some of the key characteristics of Truth Therapy give attention to the therapist emphasizing choice and responsibility; I think that what this is saying is that we have freedom of preference and that people must take responsibility for those alternatives. Furthermore, the therapist targets "rejecting transference, keeping the remedy in today's, avoiding concentrating on symptoms, and challenging traditional views of mental health problems. " (, pp. 320-321) after all, Dr. Glasser believed that the only true mental ailments were "Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy, mind trauma, and brain microbe infections, " (, para. 1) everything else is due to our choices rather than a true mental disease. Therefore, the truth therapist incorporates two major components "(1) creating the counselling environment and (2) applying specific techniques that lead to changes in patterns. " (, p. 323) An interesting procedure used by the truth therapist is the utilization of the acronym WDEP that assist the therapist in helping your client to explore their wishes, the possible things they can do to generate change, opportunities for self-evaluation and to design a plan for improvement of their choices and for that reason, changing their tendencies.
In the case of Stan in the textbook, the truth therapist focuses on Stan's behavioral dynamics and decides that Stan has fallen in to the role of the sufferer, continuously blaming others revisiting days gone by, and focusing on his symptoms. Even though the counselor listens to Stan, and stresses with his troubled the therapist explores the idea that perhaps Stan should come to the realization that if he choices in another way then change may appear. Therefore, the therapist packages out to first generate a romantic relationship with Stan, and then have Stan express how he feels his life would be different if he was symptom-free. Then your therapist helps Stan to realize that he's constantly reliving areas in his life that he cannot change and that by doing this he is making options that bring on these negative symptoms, and the therapist helps Stan to understand that by making the choices he is he's moving farther from where he really wants to be.
As I read the chapter on Simple fact Therapy, I find myself having mixed feelings regarding the effectiveness of certainty therapy in the case study of Stan. I really do concur that our options have consequences and that if those selections are creating undesired consequences then we have to change the choices we are making. However, regarding Stan in my own personal opinion I feel that first, he must recognize the reason why for these alternatives, and then understand how to move from making the unwanted options to making healthier options and then becoming comfortable with these choices prior to the total idea of reality remedy is put into effect. Perhaps I do not have a total understanding of Certainty therapy, I am aware about the readings and dealing with the therapist, however I do believe Stan has the desire to improve, if not then why would he bother to visit therapy. Finally, I used to be wondering the particular accountability would to ensure that Stan read that which was designated to him, the thoughts of anxiety and stress can be very strong emotions. On the other hand, this is only my opinion and as I said maybe, I am not getting the entire perspective of Actuality Therapy.
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