Biopsychosocial Model RESEARCH STUDY: Depression

The client interviewed by my classmate was Stanley Miller, a fifty eight calendar year old white divorced man, with four children, two kids and two young ladies. He attended catholic and vocational schools, and later joined up with the Air pressure for two years as an Military National guard. He's a graduate with associate's degree, and was once employed as a sociable employee with Charles Belavia though he is unemployed now and facilitates himself through Gather VA impairment. Mr. Miller has been divorced going back nineteen years, seldom views his family and currently lives only, in NY (N. Syracuse NY); he is spiritual however, not religious. His prolonged family involves his two sisters and mother, as his father passed on when he was thirty eight. He foretells his mother on the each week basis through the telephone, but rarely does indeed so with his sisters. In his youthful years, he acquired involve in community activities especially church activities as he proved helpful for the carnival and at the same time, sang in the chapel choir.

Mr. Miller suffers from Depression; but hasn't been hospitalized, experienced earlier therapy, or received medication because of this. His main mental and difficult earlier situation was when his dad passed away, and he received himself in heavy drinking alcohol. This made him become an alcoholic and the reason why he developed the existing Diabetes Mellitus 2 he suffers from. In addition to the diabetes, he also offers neuropathy and depressive disorder as mentioned previously. Mr. Miller is a recovering Alcoholic going back twenty years, and can be an outdoor person, with few friends. His interests or the activities he looks forward to during his free time are angling, bowling and other outdoor activity.

Mr. Miller presented himself for remedy as he suffers from depression. Like a therapist, the above mentioned information was useful as a client's background plays a significant role in detailing their current situation. In virtually any psychological problem, it's important to understand the client's past, major occurrences, social situations, natural or genealogy, and their monetary and cultural statuses. There are several approaches that might be used to understand Mr. Miller's health insurance and psychological problems. Environmental, interpersonal, behavioral, developmental and medical psychologists offer theories that make clear such issues; however, biopsychosocial strategy is best suited here as it considers many aspects of the client's life. Developmental psychologies seriously focus on the person's childhood to adulthood development, and the fixations they may have encountered, to form explanations for someone's current problems. However, some neo Freudians' consider the interpersonal factors in their ideas. Behavioral and environmental psychologists ignore the developmental, natural or psychological facet of the individual and argue that a human person learns to regulate their immediate environment in relation to their situations hence learning their behaviors with the surroundings they are really in. Without combo of other methods to mental problems, it is difficult to help a customer with the behavioral model. This is because helping a patient to learn positively satisfying stimuli without understanding or considering other factors like track record or biological factors could be futile. Natural approach gives focus on genetical inheritance and the internal body express of the individual. As much as this could provide a good point of view in understanding such problems, it can not be entirely relied upon to explain certain problems. A strategy that includes more areas of the individual's life is most suitable in attaining best results for several psychological and physical problems. In cases like this, Biopsychosocial is the greatest approach, and we shall understand why, even as go through the paper.

Developed by Dr. George Engel, biopsychosocial is an approach used to understand mental health problems in an attempt to treat them. It emphasizes on the importance of Psychological, biological and interpersonal factors in the examination of mental problems. The primary debate behind this model is the fact that body and mind, although physically individual and different, are reliant on each other, for the wellness of an individual. Whatever affects your body, will definitely affect the mind, so, what affects your brain is manifested in the body. The rationale is the fact if your brain is negative, unmotivated and will not function well, then the communication between the mind and the body is tampered with, hence, bringing on poor performance of body parts. A stressed person may neglect eating or taking care of him, bringing on physical weakness or other major medical problems likes ulcers.

In this project, we focus on Mr. Miller, who suffers from depressive disorder, and Diabetes @ Mellitus. On basic information, we recognize that Diabetes mellitus 2 is actually triggered by lifestyle factors as well as genetics. Some lifestyle factors include smoking, taking in, poor diet, low physical activities and some other factor that may lead to obesity. Addititionally there is research that shows a strong interconnection between diabetes and liver cancer. Remember that Miller's dad suffered liver tumors, we cannot eliminate the possible consistence in their life styles and the possible close marriage they must experienced. Both these diseases have commonality factors behind weight problems and alcoholism.

Depression is a mental disorder that impacts someone's moods. Unhappiness is characterized by extreme emotions of loneliness and sadness that persists for a long time. Although it is normal to feel miserable in response to lifestyle problems, a despondent person displays extreme sadness, helplessness, bare or lifeless, might well have changes in appetite and weight, lack of energy, awareness problems, sleeping changes, lack of interest in day to day activities, especially those recently appreciated, irritability and restlessness, and unexplained body discomfort. Depression, if not healed, leads to loss of life through suicide. The main causes of despair are loneliness, financial tension, alcohol or drug abuse, marital problems, long-term pan, childhood stress, insufficient support (public), or genealogy of depressive disorder. With this information, it easy to understand Mr. Miller's situation as a depressed diabetic person.

Biopsychosocial requires three types of a person's life: the subconscious, includes thoughts, feelings and habits of the individual. The public factors could include socio-economic status, culture, faith, or poverty. Mr. Miller is actually alone in the world. He is divorced, rarely sees his children and family as he only talks to his mother on a every week basis. The importance of family in promoting mental health is the fact they feature support and encouragement. Mr. Miller does not have this kind of support from his family. He lives exclusively, and to increase to that he is unemployed. He also has few friends, whom he seldom gets into contact with. Quite simply, Mr. Miller is depressed and isolated. As a therapist, I would first help Mr. Miller change his negative thinking towards life. It really is evident from his lifestyle that he has a low self esteem and a poor thinking design towards himself and the globe at large. That is normal, considering his situation; however, he has poor coping skills. Group therapy with other people suffering from major depression would help me recover quickly, and agree to his situation; Group therapy offers support and provides the feeling the particular one is not actually alone on the planet. With group therapy, it is much easier to give Mr. Miller a channel to share encounters and study from others with the same problem. He gets visitors to talk to and rely after to understand and not judge him. This could eliminate loneliness and help towards positive thinking. With this, his status as a recovering alcoholic would improve. It is common a person with such a lifestyle would take part in heavy drinking alcohol as a strategy, but which is harmful at the end of it all.

Biopsychosocial model considers psycho education as an approach to healing internal problems. The client must be aware with their condition providing enough information about unhappiness, its causes, effects and symptoms would make Mr. Miller knowledgeable about his condition and improve his willingness to treat. With information, an individual can work towards developing better coping strategies as they prevent themselves from more damage. Psycho education requires the existence of members of the family in order to effectively speed up the healing process. Encouraging Mr. Miller to request his mother, and sisters could be quite helpful in this case. With their knowledge about his condition, they may possibly also help him concentrate on healing, and provide the needed support and understanding. This will improve his interpersonal life, as he might stop having eventually. With this, Mr. Miller could become economically resourceful and also have a better public life. That is the main concentration of biopsychosocial. Through psycho education, Mr. Miler will get to understand the biological romance between diabetes and melancholy. Some individuals, like Mr. Miller, are predisposed to despair, and diabetes. Mr. Miller's father having passed away of liver malignancy must have experienced alcoholism or diabetes. Genetics play a significant role in development of depressive disorders. Presence of genetic factors, when combined with environmental factors, as regarding Mr. Miller, it is highly likable that the person will develop despair. Another aspect of the biological component of Biopsychosocial is the biochemical factors in the mind that interact with the body. Neurotransmitters such as serotin or norepinephrine get excited about pathophysiology. Neurotransmitter abnormalities are caused by certain diseases like HIV Assists, drug abuse like alcoholic beverages, or environmental and inherited factors.

Psychotherapy is merely successful in the event where all the natural, social and emotional factors of your client are known and considered. Through psychotherapy and cognitive therapy, the client advances positive coping skills. Integration of all psychological approaches to understanding subconscious problems could be helpful here. The therapist must use the behavioral guidelines to help Mr. Miller learn the new coping skills and a more positive view towards life. Medication, as well as remedy is also helpful in extreme situations. Antidepressant could be helpful in making Mr. Miller take an active control of his life. Poor lifestyle could hinder treatment of diabetes. A diabetic person is inspired to watch what they eat. A person like Mr. Miller could easily dismiss his health, leading to even more problems. However, with remedy, and education, he'll take more control of his life and ensure to do what is required of him. Generally, the biopsychosocial model is an efficient method of helping depressed people. Depression leads to health issues like tumors and diabetes.

In conclusion, Mr. Miller takes a supportive social context to help him package with his despair. His condition as a divorced and unemployed person does not make him feel needed in the society. He is also not spiritual. Faith helps us feel purposeful on the planet, offers support through connections, and gives desire. Stimulating Mr. Miller to become more involved in cathedral activities could be helpful. Cognitive remedy could help him change his internal sate, and make him think more positive towards himself, and the planet as a whole. As seen previously, the biological framework of your person, through the biochemical and inheritance factors also influence unhappiness as well as diabetes. Therefore, Biopsychosocial, could be concluded to be the best model to comprehend such problems.

I think this task was quite helpful to me as an individual as it helped me gain knowledge that could be helpful in future. Major depression is a common problem in the present world. I am in a much better position to help a depressed person, as well as handle my own tensions.

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