Case analysis and observation research methods

This essay can look at difference between to analyze methods; RESEARCH STUDY and Observation. Case study is the knowledge of the sophisticated issues or can extend experience or add power to what is already known through earlier research. It really is an in-depth research of a person, group, event or community. Circumstance studies emphasize on the thorough analysis of the function or conditions and their romantic relationship. Sometimes research workers use the research study method for true to life situations and use sources of evidence to establish their study. First step to take research study is to gather all data about the case and should be organised to get attention to important points in the event. The case study's questions are most likely to be information questions "why "and "How "therefore these questions are beneficial to give attention to the study's goal. In the event study researchers accumulate facts from different sources and conclusions is made of these facts. This is a research study of the David's behaviour, " David, 13 year old who have been accepted to a detention facility in California. Police force reports reveal that he and another guy were imprisoned for breaking and getting into a private home. David was raised in an upper middle class section of California. David's dad is a professor at a university, and his mother, is a dental office who works for a healthcare group. Even while a small child, David looked unable to restrain himself. He'd bound throughout the house, crashing into wall surfaces and objects, frequently breaking items or destroying house plants. David inserted puberty at age 11, and in those days, his behaviours became more damaging. He frequently acquired in fights along with his classmates, and would verbally assault professors. His parents believe that he might have tried smoking cigarettes and could have attempted sniffing glue. After his arrest for breaking and entering, David began to cry and told his parents that he believed badly for what he had done. He added that he was unable to control himself. "

In David's case study which took long time to review David's behavior from his youth to his teenage and in several circumstances David's behaviour had altered and resources have been used to establish his behaviour such as his parents or police.

Another example for case study research; it's Freud's little Hans case study, "Freud used a case study method to investigate little Hans' Phobia nevertheless the research study was actually completed by the boy's father who was a friend of Freud. Freud probably only satisfied the son once. The daddy reported to Freud via correspondence and Freud provided directions as how to approach the situation based on his interpretations of his father's records. Freud mentioned that it was the special romantic relationship between Hans and his father that allowed the evaluation to progress and then for the discussions with the son to be so comprehensive and so intimate. The first studies of Hans are when he was three years old. When Hans was almost 5, Han's daddy published to Freud detailing his concerns about Hans. He defined the primary problem as follows:' he is afraid of horses will bite him in the street, at time 19 the not so little Hans came out at Freud's consulting room having read his case history. Freud presumed that the findings from the truth little Hans supported his theories of child development. "

Observation includes looking and listening to the object very carefully. Experts in observation research an individual or group in their natural settings without being informed of the observation in advance. Observational data is usually detailed information about the particular person, organizations or situations and revealing changes.

In a non- participant observation researchers observe behaviour of the topic without interacting with the topic whereas in participant observation the research workers put themselves in the subject's position, therefore the researchers become part of the world of the subject meanwhile concentrating on their review and in direct observation, people know that you are observing them, and there is concern that sometimes individuals change their actions while not showing what you are looking for or what they are really appear to be.

A research which led by Charlton, "studied the result of tv set on children's behavior when it was created for the first time to an island of St Helena in mid-1990s, The researchers concentrated specifically on expert- and anti- communal behaviour. Using training video recording, they found that, compared with play earth observation on three to eight years olds made four weeks before television started out, five year following its introduction there were 5 out of 64 actions showing a decrease in pro- social behaviour. However for young boys, only there were significant increase on two pro-social options and significant lower on two anti-social methods. Quite simply, for boys at least there is almost all the positive as negative result. "

The research led by Charlton was a naturalistic observation which is utilized to collect behavioural data in real life situations. The info gathering device in this research was video recording, which taped the children's connection daily. There is certainly another example of Whyte studies about Italian gang for Observation research study,

"Whyte analyzed an Italian streets gang in Chicago by signing up for it. It was obvious Whyte had not been a normal gang member. His 'cover' was that he was writing a e book about the region. He made the famous declaration that 'I began as a non-participating observer. As I became accepted into the community, I came across myself becoming almost a non-observing participant'"

Whyte study was undisclosed participant observation. Whyte as an observer stored hidden his review about the gang from gang members; Whyte directed the understanding of the gang by adding himself in their position and discovered gang customers in their natural setting, as they were occupied in their day-to-day lives.

Two honest issues Consent and Deception, both are incredibly important issues to concentrate on before deciding for a mental health research. Consent should be obtained in an early time of research; this might involves informing the participant about the grounds for the study and their role in the research however there are a few cases where this is not required if the research is something in public areas where they would normally be prepared to be observed, they might need agreement to be viewed on the other side in deception, participants should never be deceived about any aspect of the study they may be getting involved in. Same as consent members should discover sufficient information at the earliest stage.

Other moral issues are, benefits where both attributes confidence is necessary between the researcher and the individuals, and the data protection act defends participants in the research, therefore confidentiality and level of privacy is important to be decided on both edges except in situation where in fact the human life is in danger. And members must be prepared of their right to withdraw from the study at any level of the study. After debriefing, individuals have the to ask for their details in the study to be damaged in their presence. Participants shouldn't be asked to risk their life in any circumstances during the study.

Publication is another important part of the ethical issues, it is the responsibility of the researcher to publish is his research, it is because if the research is failed which has costs whole lot of time and money someone else might have the same idea and might invest a lot of time and money, which would be lost.

It's the researcher responsibility to screen his fellow workers in a research to ensure that code is being followed in case the researcher becomes alert to the individuals problems in the study, so the researcher should send them to someone trained to advise them on the issue if the individuals desire to.

In Zimbardo's Stanford jail experiment, participants were deceived and were bodily harmed, they may have not been enlightened properly about all those things took place later in the research, therefore deception is prohibited in virtually any circumstances and all that are going to happen in a research should be told to participant in a preceding stage. And the participants consent was not obtained prior to the research and participants never have been prepared of the reason why of the study

This will involve informing the participant of the reasons for the study and what is expected of these. There are few circumstances where this is not required: if someone is doing something in public areas where they would normally be prepared to be observed, they are really giving permission to be viewed.

Bibliography

  • http://www. holah. karoo. net/freud. htm

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