Case research: Antisocial Personality Disorder

In this paper personality and personality disorder will be defined. The way the personality disorders are divided will be mentioned in general conditions.

After briefly saying the general breakdown of personality disorders this paper will look in-depth at the antisocial personality. The symptoms, triggers, and treatments will be reviewed. This paper will look at how antisocial personality is diagnosed, who gets it, and how it influences the lives of these that live with it.

Personality and Personality Disorder

Personality is the variances in feeling, thinking, and tendencies that are unique to each person (APA, 2011). Personality disorder is a mental illness where a person has trouble recognizing and joining with situations and folks, evens themselves (MayoClinic. com, 2011).

There are various kinds of personality disorders. These disorders are divided into three clusters. Cluster A is the personality that may be described as strange/eccentric. Dramatic/erratic summarize the behaviors of those in cluster B. The last cluster, cluster C is personalities that are stressed/fearful (MayoClinic. com, 2011).

This paper will focus on antisocial personality disorder. Also called sociopathic disorder or psychopathy, the antisocial personality is a dramatic/erratic personality from cluster B. Antisocial personality disorder is a severe mental disease in which a person not only has trouble with realizing and hooking up with situations and folks, but their habit and ways of thinking are unnatural and dangerous (MayoClinic. com, 2010).

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According to Blais, et al (2008) the causes of antisocial personality are anonymous (ncbi. nlm. nih. gov). New research has recognized genetics, childhood injury, verbal abuse, high reactivity, and peer affect as possible factors behind why a person may create a personality disorder (APA. org). Genetics play a part in identifying whether a person advances a personality disorder based on the traits handed down along by parents. Verbal misuse, some childhood stress, and peer influences fall under environmental or life situations and also are a identifying factor. A blend of genetics, life situations, and an early lack of empathy may be linked to the starting point of antisocial personality disorder (MayoClinic. com, 2010). Having a family group record of mental condition, an unstable or chaotic family life as a kid, loss of parents through traumatic means, and being at the mercy of physical, sexual, or verbal maltreatment as a child increases the risk factors a person will be diagnosed with antisocial disorder (MayoClinic. com, 2010).

There are approximately 8, 100, 000 people in the U. S. experiencing antisocial personality disorder and many more that display traits, but don't have the full disorder (Leedom, L. 2006). This disorder may have an impact on men over women and is common in people that are in jail (ncbi. nlm. nih. gov). This disorder has many symptoms and problems that have to be handled on a regular basis by each person identified as having it. Symptoms of antisocial disorder are an indifference to right and wrong, continual lying down and deceit, insufficient remorse about harming others, enchanting manipulation of others, and so many more. These symptoms may be at their most forceful as the person is in their 20s and reduce over time (MayoClinic. com).

Depression, suicidal tendencies, risky sexual tendencies, alcohol or drug abuse, and incarceration are just some of the complications that can occur for a person with antisocial

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personality disorder (MayoClinic. com, 2010).

If a health care provider feels a person may have antisocial personality disorder a couple of tests and tests are ordered to help rule out other problems and help find a diagnosis. Lab tests such as blood count, thyroid check and liquor and substance bank checks are completed. A person will undertake a psychological evaluation so the doctor will get out the people symptoms, behavior patterns, and whether they have thoughts of suicide or harming others, among other things. Blood pressure, heartrate, weight, and other essential signs will be examined at a physical exam. Because it is hard to detect antisocial personality disorder, the way the person interacts and relates to others will be used. Besides checks and evaluations certain criteria have to be met before a health care provider can provide a analysis of antisocial personality disorder. The DSM that is published by the APA lists being at least 18 years of age, repeatedly breaking regulations, lying to others, having no remorse or regard for safety, and symptoms of conduct disorder before age 15 as conditions an afflicted person must meet before a health care provider can diagnose them with antisocial personality disorder. Proof this behavior will likely need to be gathered by requesting very specific questions about the person's life just because a person with this disorder will most likely not give accurate accounts of these symptoms (MayoClinic. com, 2010).

Treatment of antisocial personality disorder is particularly difficult. People diagnosed might not want treatment or may feel that they don't really need treatment. This personality disorder is not curable so a person will need careful, long-term treatment. Psychotherapy, medications, and hospitalization are treatments that are available. One or a mixture of these will be used to treat each individual, but it will rely upon each person's particular circumstance how they are treated for the

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disorder. There is absolutely no way to prevent a person from growing an antisocial personality. The best way is to try to identify the symptoms early on, get appropriate treatment, and stick with it. This may keep carefully the symptoms from getting worse (MayoClinic. com, 2010).

Conclusion

Antisocial personality disorder is one of many personality disorders being cured today. The reason is shown in research to be always a mixture of genetics and environmental and life situations. There is no treatment and treatment is dependant on each individual circumstance.

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