Cocaine Addiction: History, Effects and Symptoms

Cocaine Addiction

An Summary of Cocaine Addiction

What is Cocaine?

Cocaine is a stimulant drug that produces a greater aftereffect of 'high' than other drugs such as methamphetamine. It will come in a form of white powder or crystal form with a bitter numbing preference. Generally, the natural powder form is blended with other materials such as talcum natural powder, icing sugars, cornstarch or other drugs such as amphetamine or procaine. Cocaine is derived from coca leaves, then refined into cocaine hydrochloride to produce the base of the medicine which is develop into two forms recognized as crack and freebase. White split typically will come in the form of crystals varies in color from creamy or white to a transparent color with a yellowish or pink tinge whereas freebase is the white crystalline powder form. Cocaine generally snorted through the nasal tissues hence absorbed in to the bloodstream. Some individuals also rub the medicine at their gums and swallowing it. Means of ingesting it will depend on the choice of the users, some want a rapid high experience would inject it or inhale it as a vapor or smoke cigars. Cocaine is widely known by many names which includes pepsi, coke, crack, Charlie, base, sugar block and rock and roll.

Brief History

Cocaine was once misclassified as a narcotic medication that depresses the stressed system. It really is a powerful stimulant and indigenous natives chewed the coca leaves for boosts of energy. The natives believed it was presented with by the God and reserves the coca's pleasure for royalties and high priests. In overtime, the coca leaves were disperse to the common people. In 1860, the trick of the coca leaves caught the attention of a pharmaceutical company positioned in Germany. In the facility, the old coca leaf collided with modern chemistry and the drug's active ingredients are isolated from coca's substance properties by chemist, Albert Niemann. Following the chemical isolation, a crystal substance is created and it was known as Cocaine which derives from "coca" and the alkaloid suffix "-ine". Niemann stripped the leaves of its mono ranking chemicals and unknowingly created the world's most addictive medicine.

How it is used?

There are four common ways of ingesting cocaine which are dental, intravenous, intranasal and inhalation. In other avenue terms it is called nibbling, injecting or mainlining, snorting and smoking. Intravenous use is a method of utilizing a hypodermic needle to inject cocaine directly into the bloodstream causing instant intense effect to the user. Whereas intranasal supervision is the process of snorting powdered cocaine through the exterior beginning of the nose area. Smoking cocaine requires sucking in the smoke cigarettes or vapor of your burning cocaine into the lungs where the effects are sucked up in to the bloodstream to set-up instantaneous euphoric high therefore injecting cocaine. Users must be aware that there are absolute no safe way of using cocaine as the listed ways of using the medicine lead to absorption of poisonous levels of cocaine, cerebrovascular emergencies, serious cardiovascular and seizures that can to immediate death.

Effects on the brain

Cocaine activates norepinephrine, dopamine and serotonin, chemicals that stimulates movements, excitement and thoughts of pleasure. Normally, when you get thrilled, startle, and frighten the mind makes you behave to be able to get out from harm's way. Cocaine works in the similar way in the mind automatically without you requiring it to occur. This addictive drug is a powerful central anxious system stimulant that stimulates the growth of neurotransmitter dopamine in the brain which is sensible to regulate motion and pleasure. Generally, dopamine is freed by neurons in response to potential rewards and reprocess back to the cell that freed it and finally shutting off signs in associated with neurons. Cocaine stops the dopamine from being reused thus leading to excessive volume of dopamine to build up in the synapse. This technique triggers amplification of the dopamine indicators and finally disrupts standard brain communication. The overflow of dopamine is the main reason behind creating the cocaine's euphoric high. Consistent heavy utilization of the cocaine can cause everlasting long-term changes of the brain's reward system and also other systems of the brain.

Effects on the lungs

Smoking cocaine is the primary contribution to the majority lung and breathing complications. Users smoke crack, freebase or paste by using water pipes, a glass pipes or smoking, heated using fits or butane lighters. Residue from the cocaine impurities, suits, tars and additives as a result marijuana usually triggers serious coughing, bronchitis, and coughing dark phlegm thus leading to multiple torso pain and shortness of breathing. The practice of breathing holding and profound inhalation strategy maximizes the volume of cocaine inhaled and the absorption and can cause collapsing of the lung. Sometimes, users often communicate sharpened pains in the torso area due to yoga breathing, neck pain, agonizing swallowing and buildup of air under your skin located at the throat area called subcutaneous emphysema, that includes a feature of crackling touch sensation comparable to Rice Krispies cereal. In addition, smoking cocaine can also cause pulmonary edema, a problem of the lung being filled with liquids that can cause severe shortness in breathing, respiratory inability and later loss of life.

Effects on the heart

Cocaine stimulates the sympathetic stressed system that is principally in charge of the deal with response function which is manipulated mainly by epinephrine or adrenaline. Increased of heart rates, high blood pressure and narrowing of arteries are the ramifications of using cocaine. Other kind of cardiovascular complications that are brought on by cocaine include swift heart rate and abnormal center rhythms known as cardiomyopathy. Cardiomyopathy is a disease that weakens the wall space of the aorta and causes aortic dissection and rupture of the center muscle. Repeated use of cocaine can also cause narrowing in the arteries of the heart that can lead to the decrease of blood circulation in the heart organ thus triggering symptoms of angina, where heart and soul muscles are deprived of oxygen-rich bloodstream that usually cause loss of life of heart cells and coronary attack. Furthermore, cocaine is also responsible for subsequent narrowing and accelerated hardening of the coronary arteries of the heart which results in heart attacks and cardiac deaths among users from age 19 to 44 years of age.

Signs of Cocaine Maltreatment & Addiction

Cocaine is a drug that is highly addictive and interferes how the brain steps chemicals accountable for the emotions of pleasure. Users who are dependent on cocaine will lose control over the utilization of the medication. Strong urges of need for the drug emerge from time to time although most users know the consequences after taking it. Below are a few signs or symptoms of cocaine craving

Mood Swings The medication cocaine causes lovers to "crash" when they opt to quit. The word crash refers to moments where in fact the addict's feelings swings changes quickly from high to distress which causes addicts to keep taking it in order to feel normal. Excess of using the medication may lead to addiction.

Withdrawal symptoms Lovers who are addicted to cocaine may show withdrawal symptoms of the medication. Withdrawal symptoms may include hunger, melancholy, suicidal thoughts, powerful cravings, extended sleep or restless sleeping, irritability and exhaustion. Abusing cocaine will seem to be the easy way out to not experience any drawback symptoms thus bringing the addict back to relapsing the medication.

Change in Behavior If an addict abuses cocaine, their behavior will dramatically change after using the medication. The addict may appear happy or ecstatic and operates more confidently to display a keen sense of well-being. Lovers also can happen talkative than normal, sexually excited, energy increased and lack of food desire for foods.

Eye Changes

The most clear symptoms of abusing cocaine is the addict's sight. The pupil of their sight are dilated and extremely very sensitive to light. The pupil is the black part in the attention and usually will constrict when you can find light shone into it and get bigger when the occurrence of light is gone. Cocaine causes the addict's pupils to dilate or increase than its common size.

Nasal Effect Other signals of cocaine dependency include nasal effects. Cocaine addicts usually have runny noses and nose bleed after long term use of the medication. Cocaine is greatly snorted through the nose passages causing narrowing in blood vessels which can cause blood pressure to increase and reduction in blood flow to the sinus cavity tissues. Minus the right amount of blood circulation to the sinus cavity tissues, the standard function of the nose may undergo massive damage such as lack of sense of smell and general health may also be affected. Family and loved ones should also be on the look-out for traces of white colored powder around the addict's nostril as a sign of cocaine mistreatment.

Skin Effect

Another indication of cocaine abuse is scratching of your skin. Cocaine users typically experience frustrating crawling thoughts under your skin. This crawling sense is known as 'snow bugs' or 'cocaine bugs'. Addicts summarize the sensation of cocaine bugs as burning, scratching, biting and creeping. Some addicts will tend to always scrape their skin until it bleeds to help ease the irritation. Keep an eye for small bleeding wounds and development of scabs on your loved ones to identify the mistreatment of cocaine.


Regular cocaine lovers will always find themselves sweating excessively scheduled to dramatic increase of the body temperature. Addicts could also hallucinate and feel agitated, baffled and paranoid easily. Family members should notice behaviors of their loved ones such as constant tugging off their clothes or will try to cool off your body with chilly showers, wandering the roads without reasons and violent habits as signs of cocaine dependency.

Treating Cocaine Addiction

Without proper treatment, cocaine addiction and abuse can result in destructive injury and irreversible injury. In scheduled course, just like other substance addiction it'll cause overdose, mishaps, chronic medical issues and death. At Solace Sabah, you can expect the latest medicine recovery program that incorporates leading edge psychotherapies, modern medicines, dedicated aftercare, family integration and personalized treatment strategies. Every client will be provided with complete and effective care for even the worst possible circumstance of drug addiction. If you discover your loved one is relying highly on cocaine and powerless to stop using the medication, treatment and immediate intervention are their best option for a chance to live a healthy life again. Contact us today at Solace Sabah to get an understanding how our in-depth dependency cure can help your loved ones to start out the recovery voyage.

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