Discuss the key concepts of Patterns Therapy and how they might be used to assist Stan with his anxiety, major depression, and excessive drinking. Include your own ideas (not only the ideas included in the Circumstance of Stan Overview by the end of the chapter.
The key concepts of Behavior Therapy begin with view of individual nature, which really is a technological view of individuals behavior that requires a methodical and well thought-out strategy to guidance. Furthermore, this view will not rely upon a deterministic hypothesis that a person is a consequence only of these sociocultural conditioning; today's view suggests a person is the manufacturer and the product of their environment. Another concept of Tendencies Remedy is Basic Characteristics and Assumptions, which incorporates "Six key characteristics of behavior therapy. " (, p. 237)
To get started with, behavior therapy includes the philosophy and events of the methodical method. This technique uses "experimentally produced concepts of learning which are systematically applied to help people change their maladaptive behaviors. " (, para. 5) Furthermore, the therapist makes an detected assessment, and then your therapists assert their therapy objectives in order to determine what interventions might be utilized. Then your therapist and your client agree upon the procedure method to be utilized and finally certain research methods are used to evaluate the effectiveness of both the evaluation and the treatment.
In another characteristic of tendencies remedy, the client's existing problems along with the factors that are affecting these problems are evaluated. The concentrate is on the "specific factors that influence present performing and what factors may be used to improve performance. " (, p. 238) In the 3rd characteristic, the client plays a functioning role using actions to be able to deal with their problem, and screen their habit both during the therapy session as soon as they have came back with their life outside therapy. Finally, through the therapy periods clients practice coping skills, and do role-playing of new patterns. During the fourth feature, it is comprehended that change can occur even without a clear conception of the concealed dynamics, the fifth quality "concentrate on assessing overt and covert patterns directly, identifying the condition, and analyzing change. There is certainly direct diagnosis of the target problem through observation or self-monitoring. " (, para. 4) Finally, the 6th characteristic involves tailoring the interventions to the particular problems of the customers, also adding several techniques in order to assist the problems of a certain customer.
In the truth of Stan in the textbook, the therapist begins by having Stan identify those areas where he feels the necessity to make changes, and then the therapist helps Stan to understand the reason why for his behavior, and educates him on the therapy process. Furthermore, the therapist uses such techniques as modeling, role-playing, and action rehearsal and eventually making use of In vivo subjection with Stan once she's explained the process and received Stan's consent.
I feel that these techniques are effective techniques that makes it possible for Stan to recover, when i revisited some of these techniques I came across myself thinking about the chapter on Gestalt Therapy, and the section on "The Now" (, p. 202) and "Unfinished Business" (, p. 203). A number of the techniques I feel could be utilized to take occasions from the past that are impacting the present and coping with those events in today's. In Stan's circumstance, perhaps there are feelings and even things he wished he might well have portrayed to his mother if he had not been so intimidated by her.
Discuss the main element Principles of Cognitive Behavior Therapy and how they may be used to aid Stan along with his anxiety, unhappiness, and excessive drinking alcohol. Include your own ideas (not only the ideas contained in the "Travelling bag of Stan" Synopsis by the end of the chapter.
In Cognitive Patterns Therapy, there's a combo of "cognitive and behavioral rules and methods in a short-term treatment approach. " (, p. 274) Cognitive behavioral methods combine lots of the essential characteristics and hypothesis of classic behavior remedy; even though there may be a large variety in cognitive behavioral methods, they all share certain features. These features are "(1) a collaborative romance between customer and the therapist, (2) the idea that psychological stress is largely a function of disturbances in cognitive processes, (3) a concentrate on changing cognitions to create desired changes in affect and tendencies, and (4) a generally time-limited and educational treatment concentrating on specific and organised aim for problems. " (, p. 275)
In Cognitive Action Therapy, there's a handful of renowned method s discussed in the textbook such as, Albert Ellis's rational emotive tendencies (REBT), Aaron T. Beck's cognitive therapy (CT), and Donald Meichenbaum's cognitive patterns therapy (CBT). In REBT, the emphasis is on "thinking, judging, deciding, examining, and doing, " (, para. 3) furthermore, in REBT the essential hypothesis is that people are one factor in creating their own internal dilemmas, including their unique symptoms, for their interpretation of happenings and situations. The therapist uses certain interventions such as cognitive methods, emotive techniques, and behavioral techniques to be able to help the client realize and agree to that they are human being and humans will continue steadily to make flaws while teaching the client to live a more peaceful life.
In cognitive therapy, the perception is that psychological issues arises from "commonplace process such as faulty thinking, making incorrect inferences of the basis of inadequate or wrong information, and failing to distinguish between illusion and reality. " (, p. 275) Furthermore, much like REBT, CT uses insight-focused remedy that gives emphasis to acknowledging and modifying pessimistic thoughts and maladaptive thinking. Several techniques found in CT are cognitive techniques and application to family remedy since core beliefs can stem from a person's family environment. Cognitive Behavior Therapy is very similar to both REBT and CT, it includes lots of the same techniques, assumptions, interventions and educating the client on specific things like understanding their patterns, behavior modification, and coping skills.
In the research study of Stan in the textbook, the therapist commences by educating Stan on the importance of re-examination of his computerized thoughts and self-talks, and then the therapist works with Stan on monitoring and analyzing his self-defeating claims by challenging these assertions with certain questions. Such a question would be "you aren't your daddy; I wonder why you keep up telling yourself you are just like him?" (, p. 302) For me, I believe the therapist uses these kind of questions to attempt to make Stan alert to the actual fact that he is making such negative statements, and once he's aware then they can incorporate certain techniques to change such negative assertions that can cause detrimental behavior.
Once Stan has an knowledge of his cognitive misrepresentations, then your therapist can include such techniques as "Socratic questioning, guided finding, and cognitive restructuring" (, para. 8) to be able to aid Stan in reviewing the reality that both maintain and oppose his primary perspectives. In my own personal opinion, perhaps the most reliable tools for Stan following the discovery of understanding the explanation for his action, is the education on coping skills, and the home work task that he and his therapist create. My thought on the reason behind this belief is the fact once an individual finally understands the real reason for their unhealthy habits, then there is this void between understanding the reason why for such habit and understanding how to change such patterns. Learning copying skills gives an individual the required tools to conquer such feelings as anxiety and stress that can be paralyzing therefore, supporting in the quest between understanding and changing. Furthermore, the homework tasks help out with taking an individual outside their comfort zone and inserting them in an area that is new and a little frightening, however, with repetition this scary area becomes less terrifying creating a new and healthier comfort zone.
Discuss the main element concepts of Reality Therapy and how they might be used to aid Stan along with his anxiety, melancholy, and excessive drinking. Include your own ideas (not only the ideas contained in the "Case of Stan" Synopsis by the end of the chapter.
In Reality Remedy, the therapists think that there is only one reason behind the problems of nearly all their clients. This notion is that the client either lacks a romance or is within an unhealthy romantic relationship, and that it's this longing of the individual to truly have a healthy relationship, the need to be close to or linked with another person in a healthy relationship that creates his / her problems. Furthermore, in choice theory it is presumed that when we have been born we are blessed with five genetically encoded needs, these needs are "survival, love and owed, power and accomplishment, freedom or self-reliance, and fun. " (, p. 317) In reflecting upon this belief, I came across myself thinking of Maslow's hierarchy of needs and the essential needs all individuals are blessed with for survival, so perhaps we are not delivered a blank slate just looking forward to the environment to shape us.
Some of the key characteristics of Truth Therapy concentrate on the therapist emphasizing choice and responsibility; I believe what this says is that we have freedom of preference and that we must take responsibility for those options. Furthermore, the therapist targets "rejecting transference, keeping the therapy in the present, avoiding focusing on symptoms, and challenging traditional views of mental health issues. " (, pp. 320-321) in the end, Dr. Glasser believed that the sole true mental illnesses were "Alzheimer's disease, epilepsy, brain stress, and brain microbe infections, " (, para. 1) everything else is due to our choices rather than a genuine mental health issues. Therefore, the reality therapist incorporates two major components "(1) creating the guidance environment and (2) employing specific strategies that lead to changes in habit. " (, p. 323) A fascinating procedure utilized by the truth therapist is the utilization of the acronym WDEP that assist the therapist in helping your client to explore their dreams, the possible things they can do to produce change, opportunities for self-evaluation and design an idea for improvement of these choices and for that reason, changing their tendencies.
In the truth of Stan in the textbook, the Reality therapist focuses on Stan's behavioral dynamics and chooses that Stan has fallen in to the role of the sufferer, regularly blaming others revisiting the past, and concentrating on his symptoms. Despite the fact that the counselor listens to Stan, and emphasizes with his suffering the therapist explores the theory that perhaps Stan should come to the realization that if he choices differently then change can occur. Therefore, the therapist models out to first make a relationship with Stan, and then have Stan express how he feels his life would vary if he was symptom-free. Then your therapist helps Stan to realize that he is continually reliving areas in his life that he cannot change which by doing this he's making selections that bring about these negative symptoms, and the therapist helps Stan to realize that by making the choices he is he is moving farther from where he really wants to be.
As I read the chapter on Reality Remedy, I find myself having mixed feelings as to the effectiveness of certainty therapy in the event study of Stan. I really do agree that our options have consequences and this if those choices are creating undesirable consequences then we have to change the choices were making. However, in the case of Stan in my personal opinion Personally i think that first, he must recognize the reason why for these choices, and then understand how to transition from making the unwanted choices to making healthier choices and then becoming comfortable with these choices before the total idea of reality therapy is placed into effect. Perhaps I do not have a total understanding of Truth therapy, I am aware about the readings and dealing with the therapist, however I do believe that Stan has the desire to change, if not then why would he bother to go to therapy. Finally, I had been wondering the particular accountability would to ensure that Stan read that which was allocated to him, the feelings of anxiety and stress can be quite strong emotions. On the other hand, this is merely my opinion so when I said maybe, I am not getting the entire perspective of Actuality Therapy.
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