This essay represents two part, one a counselling theory and its own application and secondly whether counselling can be an important part of talking to psychology. It issues the writer to think, issue and research that difficulties the student to increase their knowledge and understanding of the dual occupations in which they may be increasing and acquiring new competence. The questions discussed as the basis for this newspaper, are important as they test the writer to rise to a new level of understanding of these dual competencies and exactly how they can be applied both at a theoretical and practical point. In the end not only is there the presentation of a reality remedy as a counselling theory but also its performance in counselling a victim of sexual abuse but also issues the knowing that lifelong training is necessary for any advisor who needs to be continuously effective in the dual competencies of counselling and consulting mindset.
Reality Therapy is based on choice therapy and fact therapists think that the underlying issue of all clients is the same. It really is either that they are involved in a present-day unsatisfactory marriage or lack what could be called a marriage (Corey, 2001). Gladding (2000) asserts that fact therapy started in the 1960s and highlight the choices that people can make to change their lives. Reality Therapy is said to give attention to two general concepts with the first being the surroundings necessary for conducting counselling and the task resulting in change (Wubbolding, 1998). Corey (2001) postulated that if this form of remedy is usually to be successful, the therapist must guide your client to a gratifying relationship and practically teach the client to behave in more effective ways than what sort of individual happens to be behaving. It is further believed that this form of therapy must take place in a safe environment before change can occur but is also regarded as matching to Gladding as a 'versatile, friendly, and a firm approach to dealing with clients and is action oriented'. It aims to achieve fulfilment of psychological needs, resolution of personal complications and preventing future problems (p. 273). The International Journal of Certainty Remedy makes our understanding even easier by stating that reality remedy focuses on the near future with the fundamental idea that no matter what happened in the past, our future is ours and success is based on the behaviours that we choose (www. journalofrealitytherapy. com/realitytherapy. htm).
The proponent of truth theory was William Glasser, who was simply delivered in 1925 and later described his youth as happy and uneventful. Simple fact therapy's view of human being nature does not include a detailed explanation of individuals development but rather offers a centered view of some important areas of human life and aspect. Wubbolding (2009) claims that people are accountable for their own behaviour: human being beings-not world, not heredity, not history-determine their alternatives. On top of that he said people can transform and live more effective lives (www. realitytherapywub. com/realitytherapy. htm). Another important belief of fact therapy is that everyone has a health/progress power that is manifested on two levels, those being the physical and mental. The physical needs will be the life sustaining needs including the need for food, normal water and shelter. The mental health needs are manifested in four primary ways. The foremost is belonging that speaks to the need for friends, family and love, the next being power, expressed through the need for self-esteem, identification and competition. The 3rd is the internal need for independence expressed though the need to make options and decisions with the forth being fun, the necessity for play, laughter, learning and entertainment. Gladding further postulates that associated with these subconscious needs is the necessity for identity that is clearly a psychologically healthy sense of home. Individuality needs are satisfied be being accepted as a person by others. When this is achieved you can find reported to be a success identification. It is important to note that when there is certainly maladjustment in the success personality the result is failure identification characterized by a lack of self confidence and a inclination to give up easily.
Like many of the psychological theories, Glasser recognized critical times in years as a child development that make a difference a person in old age. He cites two critical cycles in a individuals development, these being between age groups 2 - 5 and secondly 5 - 10 years old. Between the age ranges of 2 - 5, Glasser postulates that if children do not experience love, acceptance, guidance, and the engagement with their parents the outcome is failure identity. Children could also experience failure individuality in the 5 - 10 years amount of their lives because of socialization troubles and learning problems often in the institution environment (p. 275). It's important to note that there is the assertion that individuals learning is a life-long process based on choice, meaning that if individuals do not learn something early on in life, such as how to relate with others, they can pick to learn it later. Glasser and Wubbolding (1995) assert that in this technique individuals may change their id and they way they react. Reality therapy concentrates quickly on the unsatisfying relationship or the lack of a marriage, which is the reason for the problem. This form of therapy does not try findinding fault but instead on what the client can control in the partnership. Corey prices Glasser who said that complaining may feel great for a short while, but it is totally ineffective behaviour. If complaining were effective, there would be a lot more happy people in the world (p. 233). This theory also emphasises responsibility and establishes that people must be in charge of what they choose. One role of the therapist is to help the client recognize that they aren't hopeless victims of situation but rather people that can make alternatives in whatever situation they choose to be in.
The role of the counsellor in reality remedy is that of professor and model, who allows the client in a warm, involved way and creating a host in which counselling can take place. The counsellor-client conversation focuses on behaviours that your client wish to change and ways to start making these wants a reality. There is reported to be little try to test, diagnose, interpret or otherwise analyze client activities except to ask questions such as "what are you doing now?", "is it working?" and "what exactly are the results?" The truth is remedy, the counsellor will not concentrate on early on childhood experiences, consumer insights, aspects of the unconscious, mental illness, blame or stimulus-response ways of perceiving interaction, somewhat the emphasis is on the areas of the client's life that he / she can control.
A major goal in reality therapy is to help clients become psychologically strong, logical and realizing that they have choices in the manner they treat themselves and more. This is called responsible behaviour that allows the individuals to take fee of actions and acquire goals as well as not hinder others or get into trouble. Glasser (1981) contends that "we should help them gain power to do advantageous things with their lives and at the same time become warmly associated with the people they want. Gladding postulates that essentially, reality therapy strives to avoid problems form occurring (p. 276). Other goals of certainty therapy are;
1. help consumer clarify what they need in life
2. help consumer formulate a realistic plan to achieve personal needs and wishes
3. contain the counsellor get involved with the client in a meaningful
4. give attention to behaviour and the present
5. eliminate abuse and excuses from the client's life
In summary, the goal of remedy is to get clients connected or reconnected with individuals they have chosen to put in their quality world and also to teach clients the decision theory. Some of the techniques in reality therapy use action-oriented techniques that help clients recognize that they have selections in how they respond to events and people that others do not control them any longer than they control others (Glasser, 1998). Reality remedy uses the WDEP system as a way of aiding counsellors and consumer make progress. Relating to Wubbolding (1998), W stands for needs, D for way, E for evaluation and P for plan. This plan establishes the responsibilities of the counsellor and customer in the healing up process.
There are a number of positive critiques of fact therapy including the assertion that the way is concrete, and therefore both counsellor and client have the ability to determine how much improvement is being made and in what areas. Additionally, another critique is this process to treatment is short-term and limited by a relatively few classes that concentrate on present behaviour, and therefore clients use conscious and verifiable aims that may be achieved quickly. However, while there are positives there's also a number of constraints. Two such limitations are that the way is too simple and doesn't have many theoretical constructs and it is determined by verbal connections and communication, therefore have limitations in helping clients who, for just about any reason, cannot effectively share their needs, options, and strategies (Gilliland et al. , 1998).
Rachel (name changed) is a thirty-six yr old mother of two young ladies. The presenting problem was the psychological distress that the client began to experience therefore of a conversation show she was listening. The prevalence of erotic abuse in the Jamaican world was being mentioned and client begun to feel feelings of anger and bitterness towards her uncle who sexually abused when she was nine yrs. old. The client's firmness was loud and accusatory as she reported what it was like for these latent thoughts to resurface therefore of reading the dialogue on the air. The client hadn't distributed her ordeal with anybody but was experiencing stress and anxiety and a mind-boggling need to safeguard her daughters from her uncle whom she had seen smiling with them a family event previously in the year. She also reported not experiencing success in her close relationships and frequently got suicidal thoughts as well occasional thoughts of injuring the uncle who abused her.
Even though Reality Therapy will not concentrate on early childhood activities, client
insights, aspects of the unconscious, mental disease, blame or stimulus-response means of perceiving interaction, I believe is important to truly have a background to the customers delivering problem, this is important even in the actual fact that Glasser (1969) believes that either a successful or failure identity is set up in two critical intervals of life. In this case, the client's experience with intimate abuse happened at the age of nine. Apart from the allowing the client to vocalize her history of abuse, it's important to learn how the episode has effects on the customers present reality & most importantly what selections your client has made about continue in her life.
The treatment for this customer includes allowing her to speak freely about circumstances of
how she was abused and how they have impacted her adult life. It could also enable the exploration of the way the abuses have impacted her relationship with her children and how it has added to the severing of romantic relationships on a number of events. Having allowed your client to vocalize those issues, we would move your client to targets options she can make have to go forward to an effective life. One goal was for the client to take into account the impact that suicide could have on her two children who she treasured and wanted to protect if she determined suicide. The technique for attaining this goal was a discussion on the worthiness of her children to her. Vocalizing the partnership and meaning that she shared with her children reminded Rachel of the significance of the mother-children marriage and how the lost of your mother who have severe negative repercussions for the kids. She choose to just forget about thinking of suicide as she explored how such a traumatic event would have an impact on her children.
Another goal was for the client was to disclose her key to her cousin. Her cousin was a
counsellor who possessed asked her whether she was a sufferer of sexual misuse but she never really had the courage to
tell the reality. Given that she recognise the worthiness to shifting to a path of curing, she wished to share
with her cousin who she believe was caring and mature enough to help her get additional help including
the likelihood of confronting her uncle in a accountable manner instead of with the anger that had
consumed her for a long time.
According to Gilliland et al (1998), the engagement between your counsellor and consumer is one in
which your client starts to see simple fact and how a behaviour is unrealistic. In such a circumstance with Rachel, her
unrealistic behaviour was keeping her connection with sexual mistreatment as a key though her cousin
suspected and tried to assist her at intervals over time. Now with reality therapy she is seeing her
cousin as somebody who can help her on the journey towards healing. That is evidenced in the verbatim
Counsellor: If you ask me there's always someone inside our lives that we respect to speak with confidentiality and who'll help us but many persons need time to identify see your face.
Rachel: Oh, wait, I do have one individual. It's a youthful cousin. He's a Counsellor. He do ask me more than once easily was fine but I never opened up to him.
Counsellor: In light of the understanding about the value of the healing up process, would you be prepared to talk with him now. Like a Counsellor, I'm sure he knows how to help you participate your mother and confront your uncle or locate a Counsellor in your area to whom he can refer you for added counselling.
Rachel: I would be happy but I have no idea how to begin seeing that I've avoided checking to him before. It's not that I don't trust him, it's that I didn't learn how to start.
Counsellor: Because you are expressing difficulty in beginning the dialogue, imagine if I helped you in the process? I would be prepared to call your cousin for you and ask him to go to you, you'll be able to share the information that you are feeling comfortable sharing. Remember that in counselling, you are not forced, you have to be comfortable to share but also sometimes we must develop trust whenever we are embarking on an activity of recovery.
In using the Reality therapy in dealing with Rachel has both advantages and disadvantages. An important advantage is that approach to remedy continues the needs of your client as central to counselling. It generally does not concentrate on days gone by as does Freudian remedy but moves on to what the customers wants, the path they want to take, it allows the client to judge their actions and the results that those action may have as well as making an idea for improving to the near future. In this scenario we see that the client was at first very confused about what she required but as remedy progressed she accepted that she got selections. She made the decision to start the trip towards healing as a part of the trip to becoming an improved person and a better mother. She could evaluate her thoughts about suicide or actually hurting her uncle to notice that those activities would cause pain on her behalf children who she wanted to protect and help to mature efficiently. Another benefits was Rachel accepted the worthiness of her cousin in the healing up process and choose to share with him what he way back when suspected and acknowledge the help that he is willing to provide as she starts the path to restoration. This also addresses discord image resolution which is thought to necessary as a part of the healing process.
Another advantage is the fact some short-term goals are achieved that will beneficial to the client. That is important because your client has tried out counselling before but reported failed results and was therefore sceptical about whether counselling really helps people. Within this goal-oriented process useful short-term goals were placed that gave the client a sense that counselling works well and is essential parts of the process of recovery. Certainly the fact that reality therapy stresses the present and that the client is in charge of certain of her behaviours including her learning to be a successful individuality means Rachel feels that she has a choice and is in control out some of her life's results. She therefore is not a bystander or a sufferer forever but instead can choose to take action to make her life more important.
A downside of the truth therapy is that if it's followed totally then not much focus nor value would be put on the client's earlier experience which in cases like this has affected the customers ability to go forward effectively with her life. Another disadvantage is that it does not concentrate on mental illness. In this case with Rachel, she has not been diagnose as getting a mental disease, yet if she performed, this form of remedy would offer very little assistance in that area since it generally does not concentrate on mental health issues. Another disadvantage could be that the therapy emphasises humour, which in situations of sexual abuse may not be such a good notion, particularly in the first few consultations of counselling. Gladding asserts that a lot of clients do not see difficult situations as funny and frequently the inappropriate use might lead to deterioration in the counselling marriage and adversely impact the procedure of change (p. 277).
Follow-up was finished with your client on two occasions and consumer reported that she performed have a discourse with her cousin. She did not share everything but some of the most pressing issues. The Cousin has committed to help out with speaking further with another professional colleague and with the conference of the family when the client is ready. The client was not as pessimistic in her tone and sounded much calmer plus more positive in her outlook on life. In the words of Robert E Wubbolding, people can transform and live more effective lives and also people do not need to continue to be victims of external causes, neither do they need to wait for the rest of the world to change before being able to fulfill their own needs (www. realitytherapywub. com/realitytherapy. htm)
John had been working as a gardener in at a radio station. He had secondary education but was unable to get a good job. So after months of sending out applications he made a decision to accept the work as a gardener. His daddy was a musician who got owned a audio system and it was from his that John learnt different genres of music. As a gardener he had seen many great musicians and disc jockeys at the place but was never able to interact with any of them. As his self-confidence diminish, he focused working hard to keep his job for at the least it kept bakery up for grabs.
Sandra has been employed a advisor to the radio station. There characters had been dropping steadily over the last five years as competition increased from newer train station. She chose that as part of the treatment and diagnostic process she'd interview all levels of staff as you level of suggestions in gathering data on the performance of the company. From her involvement, she accepted that staff experienced many similarities in their views about why the station was getting rid of listenership. It had been also interesting to learn that the lower levels of personnel seemed to have significantly more ideas that could be implemented as a part of the change process. It was in this process that she attained John. She made notice of how aware he was of the happenings at the station. She also made word of his cleverness and experienced that there is hidden probable in this man. She interviewed hi further and does some basic counselling which unearth a few of the abilities that she suspected. She recommended him for career counselling at a counselling agency. From this process, it was recommended that the business assist John with further training with a few to employing him as a disc jockey as apart of the technique to bring some fresh ability and audio to the station.
In an accounting firm Sandra worked as a junior accountant. She was a quiet individual who functioned diligently but tried out to draw in little attention to herself. She was also in the ultimate semester of acquiring her ACCA requirements. She did perfectly in the programme and earn many accolades from classmates and lecturers likewise but was experiencing inside conflicts about her future. Mrs. Melts away had been employed as a consulting psychologist to over the development plan of the business also to make advice for implementing phase one of the task including finding suitably trained persons to fill up varying levels of management in the company. Mrs. Burns encouraged all the accountants to upgrade their resumes for distribution to an assessment panel. Out of this process Sandra was short stated as individuals for a management position however the advisor with her competence recognise that Sandra got some esteem issues and suggested that delivered to counselling and designed a plan that would see her changeover into her new role with little inner conflict.
These two fictional scenarios show the important of the consulting psychologist both at the individual and organizational level. Their involvement exemplifies Kilburg's (2000) assertion that consultants must manage to engaging exact empathy, reasonable levels of positive respect, good communication, conflict management, problem handling, and variety management skills from the inception of the partnership. With the ever increasing volume of counselling ideas and with Kilburg assertion a consulting psychologist must of necessity be equipped with counselling skills, the consulting psychologist must keep up to date with new theoretical methods that emerge in the areas of both counselling and consulting mindset. It is the use of the ideas that will guide his or her relevance in these dual competencies. Without these competencies consultants could bargain and contaminate their clients' thoughts and emotions in very detrimental ways. Consulting Psychology is thought as training that helps in growing the knowledge, skills and behaviour (competence) to provide organizational consulting services at the individual, group and organizational levels with the give attention to assessment, treatment development, implementation and evaluation (Evans, 2009). Finally, what of the 13th Department of the American Psychological connection consulting psychologist are able to provide counselling treatment for individuals with goal being to help the individuals beat internal subconscious and behavioural obstacles to the performance of these roles at work. They should be acquainted with and bale to perform a range of counselling ideas and methods.
According to Kilburg (2002) in his summation of individual interventions in talking to psychology practitioners well prepared in counselling need to learn considerably more about organizations and management as a necessary part of becoming qualified to operate in the role of the consulting psychologist but evenly those trained in professional and organizational psychology should try to learn about individual evaluation and counselling methods as a part of their competent to practice in the area of consulting mindset. Kilburg's summation (p. 136) helps me to reach towards the end that counselling forms a large area of the work of the consulting psychologists. Gladding (2000) defines the practice of professional counselling as "the application of mental health, subconscious or human being development rules through cognitive, affective, behavioural or systematic interventions, strategies that dwelling address well, personal development, or job development as well as pathology (p. 7). The Advisors must also have the ability to provide a structure for so this means and understanding with your client about the characteristics, conditions, and methods and guidelines of counselling (Day & Sparacio, 1980). Framework helps the client to understand the partnership with the counsellor and give clear direction to the process. It protects the protection under the law, role and obligation of both in the process and helps in the success of the procedure (Brammer & Shostrom, 1977; Day & Sparacio, 1980). On the list of professional characteristics of counselors that help promote useful communication in the practice of counselling are; attentiveness, knowledge and the ability to talk effectively. Attentiveness is the quantity of verbal and non-verbal behavior shown to clients and includes a knowledge of the problems of important to them. Verbal behaviours include probing, requesting clarification, restating and summarizing feeling (Cormier & Cromier, 1991). In order to further clarify the significant extent to which counselling effects the work of the consulting psychologists, it is regarded as necessary to provide a definition of the word consulting mindset. Consulting Mindset is thought as training that helps in expanding the knowledge, skills and attitudes (competence) to provide organizational consulting services at the average person, group and organizational levels with the give attention to assessment, intervention development, execution and analysis (Evans 2009). It really is evident that we now have many similarities between both of these explanations which give credence to the conclusion of Kilburg that a consulting psychologist must of necessity own counselling skills. Additionally Kilburg (2000) asserts that consultants must manage to engaging correct empathy, reasonable amounts of positive regard, good communication, conflict management, problem handling, and variety management skills from the inception of the relationship. When a business engages the services of a talk to psychologists the specialist often meets after individuals in the business who are encountering significant problems that quite often impinges negatively on the outcome of that person. The consulting psychologists must have the ability to recognise when an individual output is adversely afflicted either by personal or professional problems and having discovered such must have the ability to refer that individual to a professional for counselling. However, we are inclined often to feel that the consulting psychologist can grab only the negatives where individuals in an organization are concerned. However the specialist is also equipped to recognize and make advice on individuals who are accepted as individuals who latent or unearthed probable who may need to be directed for individual counselling or coaching so that their probable can be maximised to benefit for the average person and the business. Based on the American Psychological relationship Consulting psychologists have the ability to provide counselling interventions for person with the goal being to help individuals beat internal psychological or behavioural obstacles to the performance of these roles in the workplace. (p. 779). In this and other respect it is deem necessary that counselling to a great amount should form part of the competency of each consulting psychologist (Powell-Edwards 2009).
When the services of a consulting psychologist is involved by an organization it is usually to go through the organization as a system research, diagnose and analysis and make tips of strategies that will assist the organization to boost performance whether in individual relations or other styles of end result such as production etc. However, because humans are a significant component of a business, the consulting psychologist must engage lots of the individuals as part of the research essential to fulfil his / her contractual responsibility to the organization. It is in this technique that consulting psychologist meet upon those who are encountering personal or professional problems that impact adversely upon the productivity of the individual. Kilburg says it is surprising to him how many executives may need different kinds of services in case left on their own simply do not obtain them. I am therefore postulating that in situations like these, consulting psychologist must intervene to counsel with the average person in order to help them see their dependence on counselling services. However, to maintain integrity in this process, is recommended that such clients be referred to another professional as soon as they see the need to the advised intervention.
When this occurs Kilburg claim that the consulting psychologist must be guided by contractual plans and must assess to what extent he can help that individual. He further asserts that regarding individual-level interventions, diagnosis can focus on a multitude of areas including: career and vocational interest and way; job analysis for the intended purpose of enrichment, redesign, creation, abolishment; job selection; and job performance and the various components of behaviour that contribute to it. Further it's important to notice that interventions are conducted with individuals for job and career-related troubles that they may be encountering with some of those problems being an worker in a position different from that of their passions and abilities, to conflicts with bosses, subordinates, and peers, to insufficient self recognition, knowledge, and skill to do a job or perform a role (p. 118).
In class discussions, when such topics arise, lecturers and students concur that the consulting psychologist must send the individual for counselling. Kilburg also advises this but also distributed his experience with instruction and mentoring two individuals in the same company. As this isn't the norm, he went to great lengths to show how skilful he had to be in negotiating with these clients (p. 109). From this experience shared by Kilburg the average person advisor must determine whether they might perform dual tasks to the individual and the system without diminishing one or the other. They may be many situations where this can be done but I concur that in some instances the professional might be skilled enough to make the decision to refer in the interest of the client and the system. This idea by the article writer has some grip as Kilburg quotes experts who postulate that consultants must prepare yourself and in a position to intervene when problems of the type are encounters by their clients by confronting the problems as they happen and making appropriate referrals for medical or subconscious assistance (Hemfelt, Minrith, & Meier, 1991; O'Neill, 1993).
Kilburg (2000) shows that consulting work practically always involves responding to conflicts inside specific clients, between them and more, and with the systems where they are used. Therefore he postulates that experts must have extremely well-defined diagnostic and interventions skills in this field, and corresponding examples of mental maturity and self-awareness to have the ability to manage the stress and strains that normally occur when the sophisticated discord situations are came across. The American Psychological Relationship asserts that although talking to psychologists should know about and able to apply an array of counselling ideas and methods, they are not necessarily likely to anticipate to execute mental health treatment with clients. Somewhat, consulting psychologists refer such clients to properly well prepared clients when they believe that such care is necessary (p. 779). In fact Kilburg recommends that whenever a consultant is working with individuals in talking to engagements, they might reach a spot at which it is necessary to send their clients to other professional for different types of services (p. 117).
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