Counselling Methods to Addition

Addiction Counselling Theory

  • Eamonn Keogh

In this paper we will take a brief look at addiction. Following that people will examine the different counselling approaches and how they are included in habit counselling. The strengths/difficulties of the perspectives will be discussed. In doing this the solutions being used in this newspaper are Humanist, Cognitive Behavioural and psychodynamic perspectives. Having mentioned the different strategies and their relationship with addiction another area to be protected in the newspaper is answering this question is the pathology of addiction to be found in the thing drug or the topic who is using the drug?

According to the American Modern culture of Addiction Drugs addiction is defined as

'A primary persistent disease of brain incentive, motivation, memory space and related circuitry' and 'is characterised by inability to constantly abstain, impairment in behavioural control, urges, diminished acceptance of significant problems with ones behaviours and interpersonal human relationships and a dysfunctional mental response'

From this definition it is straightforward pick out three different standpoints. Firstly that craving is a 'serious disease' this points out the lifelong battle that some clients have experienced. Secondly by referring to brain reward, inspiration, ram and related circuitry you might thing that addiction has a sizable neurobiological element. Finally by naming some of the results of addiction this definition affiliates craving with significant specific and relationship impairment and distress. Each one of these standpoints has another type of approach to handle the issue of addiction. The choice of which method of use will come down to a number of different factors such as amount of treatment needed/desired, what your client wants, which plan the counsellor will low fat towards but whichever is necessary or used a big volume of issues can be covered using such approach as called below.

The first approach to be regarded is the humanist person-centred strategy. This approach was devised by Carl Rodgers. One form of the individual centred procedure is motivational interviewing (M. I. ). What is unique about this approach is the fact that it focusses on the client's experience of themselves instead of the counsellor being the expert and telling the client what to do or what is wrong with them. The relationship between the client and counsellor is vital in this approach. It starts to form when the counsellor demonstrates what's known as the central conditions. As pointed out by Rodgers (2003) these key conditions are as follow the foremost is empathy and here the counsellor is wanting to understand the thoughts and thoughts the client may have because they are going right through them. Subsequently congruence can be used to develop a trusting marriage between the customer and counsellor and is also an essential condition if this approach is to work. Congruence also offers another use. It could be used to help defeat negative attitudes or conditions of value that other may have placed on the client. The final condition is unconditional positive regard. This benefits your client in allowing them to talk about their problem without getting the response "Can you think that was a good idea", "Why have you do this". It also gives the customer the area to talk about their problems with out a fear of being judged or criticised. As described by Kelly (2014) humanist theory would situate dependency from the standpoint of the people own ability to appreciate his/her potential. This model works when the counsellor has established the center conditions in order to cure thee blocks that are impeding the client from realising his/her expansion.

The next approach to be considered is cognitive behavior remedy (CBT). CBT is a directive time limited treatment. Regarding to Kelly (2014) some characterises CBT keeps are a person's notion system may be distorted with the result of your client having negative trained about themselves and the globe around them that leads them towards low self-esteem, anxiousness or depression or continuing medicine use. The central emphasis of CBT is the client's beliefs and taught habits and exactly how these hyperlink with self-defeating behaviour. As described by Beck et el (2012) the client gains a point of view that their addictive behavior is the primary pathway by which they experience pleasure or they get comfort for distress. The client also learns that unhelpful values just add fuel to their addictive behavior. Furthermore CBT uses ways of cope and package with cravings supporting the client to build up their inner adjustments which it becomes bring down the probability of relapse. CBT also helps the client deal with any negative emotions like depression, stress and anxiety and guilt. Kelly highlights that the cognitive procedure considers such problems to not only come from the function itself but also be just how that the client interprets and creates interpretation for the kids.

The final method of be discussed will be from the psychodynamic college of counselling. The essential concepts of this way are that personality includes three elements Id, Ego and the Super-Ego. Drives such as chaotic, irrational and striving to gratify instinctual needs should be within the Id. The Id works from the pleasure rule. As Kelly (2014) talks about through socialisation a part of the Id is customized by the real world. The Ego works off the reality main. The Ego is changing back and forth from the Id to real life. A number of the Ego's functions are problem fixing, perception and repression. The Super-Ego is the product of the tasks performed out by other people and the effect they may have on your client such as parents, laws and culture. The Super-Ego develops from an early age and is internalised by your client as a feeling of should/musts and must. We also work from three different levels of consciousness the unconscious, preconscious and the mindful. A couple of two different stand things here one the humanistic college who think the human being is good. They have got the potential to be good. It promotes a positive self-actualization integration and wholeness. Issue is performed down and if it does can be found it is just a chance for further progress. Whereas on the other palm the analytic college would belief, it to be always a site or agency that is divorced from any consciousness, called the unconsciousness. This can determine how we think, feel, and behave. We are not masters inside our own house even if we think we live. We are divided between consciousness and unconsciousness. Dialect can divides us just as. The psychodynamic way can be characterised by lots of features and features. Firstly what exactly are the dissimilarities between a symptom and a structure? Freud would dispute that the symptom is not the trouble. The symptom is on the top while the structure is usually to be within the depth. An indicator is the manifestation of the unconscious issue and is a product of the subject matter own history. On the other hand structures are the building blocks of the personality created from our earliest relationships and affects. The next level is ego deficits. All ego deficits are serious dependant needs. They can be performed out in powerful social-interaction. In habit they can only just see the other as an thing this is a deficit in the self-concept. Following on from here another area to be protected is defence mechanisms. These defences are in location to help your client to protect themselves using their company own ego deficits. These defences will keep a person caught in their addiction and stop any progress or personal development. A few examples of the defences are the following denial, projection and turmoil avoidance. The fourth level is secondary benefits. That is an important stage to comprehend as it works for both client and the counsellor. It works for the customers who have a brief history of stress they use their craving as an unconscious way of seeking out love or security. Extra grains keep carefully the clients repetition compulsion in place. As for the counsellor it gives the client the space to look more deeply into their dependency and view it as a chance of growth. The final feature of this point of view is transference and counter-top transference. As pointed out by Kelly (2014) transference identifies the relationship between your customer and the counsellor as it advances as the treatment moves forward. Your client pertains to the counsellor in the same way as they performed with pervious connections particularly that of the parents. Counter transference refers to the counsellor's unconscious feelings towards your client. I can be a positive tool when accessing the state of mind of your client but it could be negative when it highlights areas in the counsellor life that remain unresolved. The psychodynamic perspective views addiction as the utilization of drugs permits the manifestation of in any other case repressed tendencies. Quite simply drug use relieves unconscious conflicts that your client cannot package with over a conscious level.

When thinking about weather the pathology of habit is situated in the object drug or in the topic that used the drug it is hard to answer this without first taking a look at how the consumer experiences/ experiences and exactly how they represent themselves to themselves. Kelly points out what meant by this is, that it depends on what if any difficulties the client may experienced in the quality of their upbringing and the result it is wearing them in the here and now. Many different facets add to this which include social, relationships with members of the family, peers and educational aspects received by the client. All of the above and many more contribute to the way the client is going to experience / experience and exactly how they signify themselves to themselves. If one was to think as the way the object drugs works for the client on the pleasure current economic climate. The pathology of dependency from this point of view lies with the subject that uses the drug as opposed to the object drug. Maybe it's argued that out of this habit stems for the precise effect of that drug have on the individual. On the other hand as Loose (2002) highlights that drugs produce distinct pleasure effects that are not uniform, which is this non-uniform that hooks the topic. Both perspectives can be attended to by using the talk solutions. As Loose (2002) points out the purpose of the counsellor is to go your client from a real solution of toxicity to the symbolic solution of speech and language.

In this newspaper I have attempted to describe addiction and the different talk therapy approaches to coping with the sophisticated problem of addiction. The three dominant talk therapy methodology used were the following the humanist perspective, cognitive behavioural theory and finally the psychodynamic positions. Each approach has another type of and unique design of its own which range from the humanist point of view that your client is the masters of their own house to the standpoint of the psychodynamic procedure where the counsellor is the expert. I have also highlighted that the pathology of dependency can be found in both the object and the subject depending on the individual drug and the individual the uses the drug. Having taking a look at all different theories and the internal working of them throughout this module I feel that my skills are suitable to the style of motivational interviewing. That isn't saying that I'm going to be solely working form a M. I standpoint. When needed ill attract some CBT and some solution-focused brief therapy. I feel I've pointed out in this paper that addiction is a very complex concern and can be tackled in a number of techniques best fits the situation.

BIBLOGRAPHY

  • Kelly (2014) Category Notes: Truth Theory.
  • Kelly (2014) Class Notes: The Sense of Symptoms.
  • Kelly (2014) Course Records: An Intro to Conceptual Types of Problem Gaming.
  • Kelly (2014) Class Notes: Symptom / Composition.
  • Kelly (2014) Course Notes: Overview of Counselling Theory.
  • Loose R, (2002) The Subject of Addiction. Karnac Literature: London.
  • Rogers C, (1961) On Becoming a Person: A Therapists view of Person: A Therapists view of Psychotherapy: Mariner Literature. USA.
  • Wenzel A, Liese B. S, Beck A. T, Fridman- Wheeler. (2012) Group Cognitive Therapy for Addictions. Gilford Magazines. New York.
  • Wurmser L, (1974) Psychoanalytic Concerns of the Ethology of Compulsive Drug Use: Course notes.

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