Crime and delinquency in the virginia tech massacre

In April 16, 2007, 32 people were wiped out in a firing incident that occurred on the campus grounds of Virginia Polytechnic Institute and Talk about University found in Blacksburg, Virginia. The occurrence became known as the Virginia Technology massacre and is considered to be the deadliest taking pictures incident that happened in United States to date. Apart from the 32 who passed away, the perpetrator, Seung-Hui Cho, also wounded a number of people. By the end of the firing incident, Cho dedicated suicide. The shooting incidents occurred twice at different locations in the school and two time apart. The first incident occurred in Western world Ambler Johnston Hall, a co-ed dormitory. Here, Cho wiped out two people: students called Emily Hilscher and a resident assistant, Ryan Clark, who tried out to help Hilscher (William & Morrison, 2007).

Two hours following the first shooting, Cho apparently mailed to the NBC Reports a package deal which covered writings and video clips. He then proceeded to Norris Hall armed with guns, ammunitions, a knife, hammer and many chains. Upon going into the Norris Hall, Cho locked the three main entrances of the hall. He also kept a note in another of the entrances saying any try to open the door would lead to a bomb explosion. Soon after that, the filming started out. At about ten to twelve minutes at after the second shooting event, Cho fired his gun to his own brain. During this short period of energy, Cho fired almost 200 times, eliminating 30 people along the way and seriously wounding 17 more people. All in all, Cho shot 27 students and five faculty customers. It has been revealed later after the investigation that Cho's selection of gun, a 9-mm hollow point, intensified the severe nature of the incidents sustained by the victims. After the incident, the Virginia Technology Panel released a report about the event. The 100-site report discussed Cho's troubled history. It uncovered that Seung-Hui Cho was a student at the school and was majoring in British at the time of the shooting occurrence. He was in eighth class when he was diagnosed with severe major depression and mutism (Golden, 2007). People experiencing this disorder have trouble speaking and mingling with other folks. Cho has been apparently bullied due to this difficulty. Throughout his years as a child and teenage years, Cho received treatments. His parents worked well together with school representatives and mental counselor to help Cho. Cho ultimately thought we would stop going through treatments. Cho applied at Virginia Tech for college and got accepted. However, the school officials were prevented by federal privacy regulations from talking about Cho's conditions. Based on the laws, such disclosure is merely allowed if a student seeks for special accommodation. While a studying at Virginia Technical, Cho has been accused of aberrant incidents, including stalking of two feminine students. The case was looked into and the judged ruled Cho to be mentally ill. He was purchased to endure treatments (Luo, 2007). The institution experienced also asked Cho to adopt counseling.

Theoretical Explanations

Cho's true mental condition during the occurrence is anonymous. However, Cho's difficulty to speak that eventually led to the examination of mutism could have been symptoms that he was becoming schizophrenic. Cho has been also reported to show symptoms of paranoia and delusions, symptoms that happen to be associated with schizophrenia. There were records that Cho has been romantically associated with Emily Hilscher. The two experienced a disagreement which led Cho to perpetrate the firing. In the package deal Cho delivered to NBC information, he explained how he hated the rich and exactly how he was required into limited options. The review went to discuss how Cho's thoughts have grown to be so distorted that he views his evil deeds as functions of goodness. Eventually, his harmful tendencies turned into an obsession.

The case of Cho and the Virginia Tech Massacare is an instance of delinquency that experienced gotten out of hand. There are many theories that make an effort to explain what makes people delinquent and commit offense. Delinquency ideas generally fall under three categories: choice theory, biological theories, and mental theories.

The choice theory of delinquency assumes that human being behavior is a direct result of people's conscious decisions to activate or not engage in a particular patterns. The theory fundamentally highlights man's capacity to make decisions for his own. There are several persons associated with the choice theory. Among them is Cesare Beccaria, the one who developed ideas on crime control during 18th century. Another school of thought under the choice theory as pioneered by Jeremy Bentham is the assumption that individuals are calculators. We can determine whether an action will lead toward pleasure or pain. If we apply choice theory to Cho's circumstance, it will be argued that it was conscious decision to commit murder and he is able to realize the amount of his action. However, this assumption fails to answer why Cho committed the crime. This is the very weakness of the decision theory and just why it has not been a popular choice in analyzing situations of delinquency.

The second type of delinquency ideas is the natural theories. These theories try to take into account factors that already can be found prior to the commitment of criminal offenses. One natural theory, atavism, theorizes that criminals are atavistic or being that action similar to our primitive ancestors. This theory has already been disproved by Charles Goring. In the theory by William Sheldon, he related body type to delinquency. In a report by Maddan, it was discovered that mesomorph body types often more liked o violent offenses. Biological theories have advanced into trying to take into account inside body factors such as brain activity and heartrate somewhat than dwelling on appearance alone. There have been many studies for case on ADHD and autonomic hypoactivity and there were boosts evidences that criminality is linked to differences in the mind structure. Biological theories are also looking genes that are related with environmental conditions in describing personalities and temperaments. It's hard to ascertain whether Cho's actions were biological in origin. There's been no reference to his parents' behaviors nor his of his ancestry and whether they have a history of committing violent offences. Though this might appear illogical, some areas of personality are in reality partly heritable.

The last of the three ideas is the mental health theories. This theory examines a person based on his beliefs, ways of thinking, and tendencies. These group of theories is able to account different aspects of individuals personality plus they provide explanations as to why some has deviant values and antisocial patterns. Based on the behavioral theory, our environment plays our role inside our shaping our habit. A child learns to be competitive by seeing his parent argue, viewing violent films, etc. Psychological ideas recognize the lifetime of actions that are related to subconscious impairment, known as psychopathology.

In Cho's circumstance it is quite apparent that his activities were strongly related to his severe anxiety disorder. Cho also essentially fits the description of any psychopath, a person with difficulty in processing and expressing emotions such as empathy. The cause of psycopathy is unidentified but is reported to be a combination of biopsychological and sociological disorders. The word psychopath is employed interchangeably with sociopath though they generally pertain to the same characteristics. Psychopath is often used when the problem is as a result of psychological and natural factors and sociopath is when used when the condition is induced by public factor or previous experience (Hare, 1993). A couple of fundamentally two types of psychopath: main and secondary. Female psychopath is a person with brain abnormality which causes his difficulty in controlling and expressing sentiment. A second psychopath shows the same characteristics as an initial psychopath except that his condition developed as an version from a prior trauma.

By the explanations of the primary and supplementary psychopaths, it would appear that most important psychopathy is biologically related. Thus, people preempted with this condition will already exhibit aberrant behavior at an early age, as regarding Cho (Mealey, 1995). There may be damages to the brain, specially the frontal lobe, which manages body functions related to self-control, judgments, and related communal skills. This area of the brain also control buttons fear (Laakso et al. , 2001). Coupled with public factors such as lack of peer support, friendships, and rejection biologically-related problems may donate to psychopathy.

People with this problem also have the ability to make romantic relationships with other people though they could take the relationship into two extremes. They treat the relationship as nothing or become too mounted on it. They may end a romantic relationship whenever it suits them or because of too much connection. Often, they view it too adversely when someone ends a relationship with them. In a nutshell, a psychopath may are in an environment of his own. They may be motivated by their needs plus they only interact with other people when they can gain something for their own. When taken to the extreme, their unconventional behavior can result in murder, rape, and other violent offences, as regarding Cho in the Virginia Technology Massacre.

In Cho's case, it could be seen clearly the way the medical system didn't control psychopathic action. Eventually, his lack of feeling drove him to commit murder and also to execute a definitive function of denial by committing suicide.

Policy Implications

The Virginia Tech massacre drew significant marketing and international attention. U. S. police, the training system, and the legal justice system also endured intensive backlash. The event instigated heated up debates on gun control, mental health, university accountability, federal personal privacy laws, and a great many other issues.

The incident advertised Virginia to look again to their procedures which allowed Cho, an individual who have been diagnosed to be emotionally unstable, to get a gun without having to be diagnosed by the National Instant Criminal Background System(NICS). After the massacre, Virginia started to address the spaces between the national and their state gun policies. The government also passed the main gun control legislations after almost a decade. The new legislations mandates a far more stringent reporting to the NICS panel so gun buys by mentally-ill people and criminals can be averted (Simon, 2008).

In link with the massacre, the united states Department of Education also proposed amending the guidelines regarding education data within the Family Educational Protection under the law and Privacy Take action (FERPA). In relation to the incident, academic institutions are are also to check out the balance of when public safety should be more of a concern rather than specific privacy.

The massacre also prompted colleges to look into their firearms ban coverage. Virginia Technical has a complete gun ban coverage but sometimes students are found out to be taking concealed fire biceps and triceps. To date, a total of 38 US expresses apply the ban weapon in classes.


The Virginia Technical Massacre presented an essential case of delinquency that received beyond control. As a person, Cho has endured from mental health problems that have affected his public skills throughout his entire life. His personal problems, as well as communal and environmental factors exacerbated his mental disorders. In conjunction with lapses in the mental health system and federal government policies which could have alleviated his condition, Cho had not been prevented from committing the brutal incident. Brutal as it might have been, it trained America a lesson that there surely is a need to up grade mental and medical services for individuals with such problems. At the same time, there's a pressing need to address plans that touch occurrences associated with such disorder. In this manner, both the disorder the crimes associated to them is operated.

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