Curriculum, Linear Mode, Modular Method, Spiral Method...


Based on the curriculum and the state educational standard, the teacher prepares a curriculum and a thematic plan for studying the academic discipline. The curriculum contains:

1) the name of the academic discipline, the category of students for whom it is designed, information about who and when it is prepared;

2) an explanatory note describing the importance of the discipline in the framework of the educational program, the subject, the requirements for the knowledge and skills of students, the forms and methods of monitoring and evaluating knowledge;

3) a brief description of the content of the topic;

4) a list of the literature on which the teacher relies on disclosing the content of the course.

The curriculum is a working document, on the basis of which the teacher builds the learning process. At the same time, it is an official document stored at the department and testifying to the extent to which the discipline being taught reflects the requirements of the state educational standard.

The thematic plan is a document that describes the distribution of the topics of the curriculum by occupation, the necessary methodological support, forms of control and certification of students' knowledge and skills.

When developing the curriculum for the teaching of psychology, the problem arises of the selection of the content that will be studied, as well as the order in which the individual parts of the program will be studied. The following methods of constructing the curriculum are possible: linear, modular, spiral.

Linear Mode

The essence of such a construction of curricula is that separate parts of the educational material form a continuous sequence of interconnected links (line up along one line). Each part is studied, as a rule, only once. And the new material is built on the basis of already well-known and closely related to it. The advantage of the linear way of positioning the content of the curriculum is its time-saving economy, since duplication of the material is excluded. This method is usually used in the teaching of psychology in university educational programs. The disadvantage of the linear method is that students and students can not always learn certain complex phenomena at different levels of instruction. In this regard, this method is not applicable in the development of programs for school and university study of psychology at different levels.

Modular way

It is based on a modular principle: each individual topic forms a holistic view of a particular subject area. The ego makes it possible to form a curriculum, corresponding to individual or group needs, from a set of independent subject-modules. The training course is a set of training modules, the passage of which is possible in a different order. The traditional educational process existing in secondary and higher educational institutions is largely focused on a linear structure, curricula suggest a consistent study of disciplines taking into account their logical interrelationships. In this regard, the modular principle is applied less often. Systems of professional retraining and advanced training give more opportunities to use the modular principle of constructing a training course.

Spiral mode

With this construction of the program, the location of the training material combines the sequence and the cyclicity of its learning. With the spiral method of constructing programs, the arrangement of the teaching material combines the sequence and the cyclicity of its study. A characteristic feature of this method is that students do not let go of the initial problem and at the same time gradually expand and deepen the range of related knowledge. Unlike the linear structure, when spiral construction of the program, certain topics are studied repeatedly.

thematic pictures

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