Decay of identity, Life cycle - Psychoanalysis. T...

Identity Decay

In the modern world there is a process of decay of identity. What is the reason for this process? The trap is the openness of the individual to the other. But it is through others that the identity mechanism is realized. However, the individual who is trying to build communication, is disappointed. Where he expected to find confirmation of his self-identity, impersonal social positions are awaiting.

Identification is replaced by the positioning process. The impersonal is replicated and even cloned, as noted by Baudrillard. Where the individual expected to meet with the subject, it is simply a social status, a certain place. It turns out that a person acts under a pseudonym, which guarantees that he will receive an emblem after death. Confrontation of the individual and society does not give rise to a deep search for identity, and the "collage" identifications. On the social field, instead of the person, only a sign of the text, an empty name, zero is found.

Life Cycle

According to E. Erickson, one of the basic coordinates of identity is the life cycle. He proceeded from the assumption that not only to adolescence, the individual develops the prerequisites for his psychological growth, mental maturation and social responsibility. The American psychologist introduces the concept of "identity crisis". Each person goes his own way of development, experiencing his crises and finding their solution.

Any stage becomes a crisis, because the beginning growth and awareness of the new is associated with changes in the energy of the instincts. The word crisis E. Erickson uses so that to highlight not the threat of a disaster, but the moment of change, a critical period of heightened vulnerability. The most radical changes, beginning from the depths of inner life and ending with its external manifestations, occur at the very beginning of life. What can be considered the earliest and most undifferentiated "feeling of identity"? Erickson believes that it is generated by the meeting of the mother and the baby, giving mutual trust and mutual recognition. It is in all its childish simplicity and is the first experience of what will later manifest itself again in love, in the ability to admire and what can be called the feeling of the "blessed presence", the need for which throughout life remains the basis for man.

The absence of this feeling or its weakening can dangerously limit the ability of experiencing the "identity" when in adolescence a person can leave childhood and meet adulthood and begin to personally choose his love affair with it. Each next stage and each subsequent crisis has a certain connection with one of the basic aspirations of man for the simple reason that the life cycle of a person and social institutions develop simultaneously. Between them, according to Erickson, a double bond: each new generation brings to institutions the vestiges of infantile needs and youthful ardor and takes from them a specific reinforcement of their children's vitality.

The American psychologist believed that identity crises can be studied by artistic creations and original acts of great people who were able to solve it for themselves. The omnipresent chaos of human existence demonstrates unique solutions for this period. But before plunging into the clinical and biological problems of what in emergency psychology is called confusion of identity, it is necessary to clarify the concept of the "identity crisis".

There is much in human essence, except for identity, in every individual there is his "I", is the center of consciousness and will that must transcend and experience psychological identity.

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