If the causes of depression are difficult to determine, then when the human performance is reduced, there are usually not so many reasons and they are easily recognizable. We will consider these reasons together with those recommendations which the client psychologist-consultant could offer in connection with them.
Reason 1. Physical exhaustion of a person. As the reason for the decline in performance, it mainly operates in cases where a person has to perform a job that requires considerable physical exertion for a long time. These are basically different types of heavy physical labor, which in modern conditions are rare.
In this case, in order to prevent fatigue, it is necessary to rationally organize the physical load regimen by thinking it up so that a person rests, restoring his working capacity before he has obvious signs of physical fatigue.
The client can achieve this as follows. For a sufficient time, observe your work and try to understand when, after prolonged physical exertion, it first appears noticeable signs of fatigue. Fixing the time intervals through which they regularly appear, it will be necessary to reduce the time of continuous operation by approximately 3-5 minutes, i.e. make the intervals between the moments of physical work such that during their apparent signs of fatigue did not appear.
It must always be remembered that with heavy physical work, in any case, it is better to make frequent, for short breaks for rest, than one big and rather long break. As a result, a person will be able to increase his physical working capacity much, and at the same time he will be much less tired.
Cause 2. Illness or physical ailment can also cause a decrease in the performance of a person. This reason occurs when any normal physiological functions are violated in the body. Their change can be ascertained in the event that a clinical examination of the client does confirm this fact.
Note, however, that simply a person's poor health, including physical, is not a sufficient reason to conclude that this is the case, since a physical condition of this kind can be generated by the client with the following socio-psychological reasons.
In the event that the socio-psychological reasons for the decline in working capacity are identified, the client is advised to rest, but if complete rest is impossible, then for a while, reduce to a minimum the physical and psychological loads.
However, such recommendations are mostly suitable only for people who are not used to heavy workloads. As for those who are accustomed to significant loads in life and for whom they are normal, they can not be recommended for a sharp reduction in loads, as a rapid and significant change in the habitual way of life can cause them negative consequences. For such persons, the physical load, even during a period of malaise, must remain large enough, but feasible.
It is up to the client to regulate the load as he feels. Self-regulation will allow him to keep his work capacity to a high level.
Reason 3. Monotone work can also lead to a decrease in the working capacity of a person. Such work generates a state of fatigue and lowers the capacity for work of a person not because it is beyond his power and heavy, but because of his purely psychological tedium. This is a very common factor in the decline in working capacity, which is practically encountered in all people, regardless of what they have to do in life, since any kind of labor can contain elements of monotony and, therefore, lead to fatigue.
The practical solution to the problem of improving efficiency in this case is to minimize the monotony in human activity, to make it as diverse and interesting as possible. To do this, you need to carefully analyze what this person is doing during the day, think over the mode of his life in such a way that the conditions and nature of the work more or less systematically changed. As for the definition of time intervals during which a person's work can remain monotonous, it is desirable to use the recommendations already expressed in discussing the first reason for their clarification.
The optimal is the mode of operation in which significant mental loads in one period of time alternate in a person with moderate or weak physical exertion in other periods of time, and vice versa: significant physical exertion in some moments of activity is accompanied by moderate or weak mental loads in others moments of human activity.
Note that at the same time it is not recommended to combine strong or weak physical loads with the same mental loads, since in this case the heavy loads o