Diagnosis of mental states of younger schoolchildren - Handbook...

Diagnosis of mental states of younger schoolchildren

The color-pattern test developed by AO Prokhorov and GN Gening is intended for diagnosing the mental states of younger schoolchildren in the course of educational activities. It was created on the basis of a survey of about 1 thousand junior schoolchildren and tested in different schools. The test has high correlates with reference techniques for diagnosing mental states: the Luscher test, the Lutoshkin method. It is accessible and convenient to use both for the teacher in the process of training, and for the psychologist in the conditions of psychological counseling. In drawings and color, children express what they find difficult to say in words due to the lack of development of self-awareness, reflection and the ability to identify. In addition, due to the attractiveness and naturalness of the task, this technique contributes to the establishment of a good emotional contact of the psychologist with the child, relieves the tension that arises in the situation of the survey.

For the test, you need a sheet of white paper and colored pencils: red, yellow, blue, green, black, brown, orange, blue, pink. A 50 x 50 mm square should be drawn on a piece of paper on the left side of the paper (the right side of the sheet is for the drawing).

INSTRUCTIONS TO THE TEST

Instruction 1: Guys! In front of each of you lie a sheet of paper and colored pencils. A square is drawn on the piece of paper on the left side. Now you will have to represent your state in this square with a colored pencil. the state that you are currently experiencing (for the first-year students, the term state can be replaced by the word mood ). If your condition can not be drawn in one color, then divide the square into several parts and paint it in different colors. & Quot ;. It is recommended to show with chalk on the board how to divide the square (one diagonal, two diagonals, a horizontal line, two perpendiculars into four parts, a horizontal and perpendicular to it into three parts, etc.). If children have questions, then the instructions should be explained individually.

After the schoolchild copes with the task, the experimenter gives the following task.

Instruction 2: Guys! Now each of you has painted your state with color, and now think about what your state looks like, in what kind of image you could imagine and draw it. It can be the objects around you, such as a desk, a board, our class, and there may be items that are not here, but your condition is like your flower, ball, sun, rain, etc. If you find it difficult to depict your state in one piece or manner, then draw the whole composition (figure). You need to draw on the right side of the sheet .

KEY TO PROCESSING RESULTS

Color (squared)

Picture

Status

Red

Notebook

Desk

Class

Whiteboard and other school attributes

Activity (activation)

Red, a combination of red and yellow

Rainbow

New Year, Christmas tree

Cake, ice cream

Candy

Gift

The Hill

Score 5

The Sun

Balloons

Joy

Green

Traffic light

Machine

TV

Treadmill

The juggler in the circus

Blackboard

Attention, Focus

Note: in the first class, this state can be displayed in red

Pink

Robot

Computer

Machine

Princess

Doll

Dreaming, fantasy

Black

Rain

Blob

The child is sleeping at a desk

Fatigue, fatigue

Orange

Flowers

Playing children

Animals

A child helps an old woman

Friendliness, benevolence

Yellow

Broken Vase

A child with a teacher, mother

Sincerity

Blue

Shower

Pool

Sea

Cheerfulness

Blue

Skipping rope

Volleyball

Football

Raised Hand

Excitement

Blue

Children with a teacher, with older children

Respect

Brown

Field

First aid The grave The child fell

Mom's stroking the child's head

Empathy, compassion

When processing results, it is necessary to take into account the features of the image. The presence of strong hatching, small dimensions of the figure often indicate an unfavorable physical state of the child, tension, stiffness, etc., while large dimensions often speak about the opposite.

Using this technique, the experimenter must remember that the dynamic structure of a mental state may not have a monocharacteristic, since not one but several components of the psyche can acquire a dominant value for a while. For example, in the first class, the state of interest, activation, joy and attention is often combined into one polisostate, where the state of interest is the leading one, so children depict such states in one color - red.

thematic pictures

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