Differences Between Characteristic And Psychodynamic Ideas Psychology Essay

Personality theories focus on how attributes are developed and how behaviour is produced. Personality characteristics are durable dispositions of behavior that appear across a variety of situations. They are really like tendencies; someone's predisposition to react in a certain way in various different situations. Characteristic theories give attention to indentifying the characteristics we have and the degree to which we have got them. However characteristic theories are beginning to dwelling address concerns such as how behaviours are developed, how characteristics are generated and how our goals and motivations influence the development of attributes and the amount to which we possess them (Mischel, 1996). On the other hand, psychodynamic ideas of human behaviour assume that individual lives are ruled by inner unconscious forces and these forces; which might be images, opinions, or feelings will be the chief determinants of who they are and what they do (Kaslow, Magnavita & Patterson, 2002). This essay will relate characteristic theory compared to psychodynamic theory.

Gordon Allport's trait theory views personality as a combo of stable inside characteristics that an individual shows in a given situation. Conversely, Sigmund Freud's psychodynamic procedure stresses the interplay of unconscious irrational forces attempting for control in shaping one's personality. Freud is convinced that human performing is affected by three basic constructions of your brain: the identification, the ego, and the superego, which emerge developmentally. The id, as mentioned by Freud, is present at labor and birth and works on the pleasure process. The ego functions on the reality principle and attempts to satisfy the identification while obeying society's rules. The emergence of the ego for Freud symbolizes the foundation of consciousness and he refers it as the superego; which is the internalized guidelines of parents in world (Bernstein, Penner, Clarke-Stewart & Roy, 2011). On the far side of the coin, Allport argues that varying strengths of several qualities or qualities actually determine the personality of a person. Allport had three types of features: the cardinal qualities, the central features, and lastly the secondary traits. The cardinal features govern and shape a person's behavior. Central traits are characteristics that others use to spell it out another individual. Secondary attributes are circumstantial. More recently, characteristic theorists have indentified five main factors that define personality; Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion, Agreeableness, and Neuroticism (Pastorino & Doyle-Portillo, 2012). Thus you can assert that features are relatively secure predispositions to act in a certain way whereas psychodynamic theory handles unconscious motivations and conflicts in one's brain.

Allport uses the idea of personal disposition and the idiographic approach which focuses on studying one person at a time to explain that every human being has unique traits that induce a personalised kind of behaviour in a specific situation. He also specifies that qualities are exclusive characteristics to a particular person alone which produces regular and specific behavior habits (Carducci, 2009). On the other hand, psychodynamic theorists concentrate on group behavior and making comparisons between people while talking about dynamic relationships between individuals (Jarvis, 2004). Thus one can affirm that the trait approach to personality focuses on predicting a specific individual action whereas psychodynamic theories centre on predicting typical behaviour of a group of people.

Psychodynamic theorists assume that many of our actions be based upon hidden values and emotions. These unconscious pushes can bring a change within an individual's behaviour and personality. Whenever a person fulfills other individuals; he involuntarily activities a must to do something as they certainly so as never to be rejected. Thus, he represses more of his tendencies to be more compatible with the norms of society (Collins & O'Rourke, 2008). In contrast, an individual's behaviour will probably stay relatively consistent across a wide range of situations over the course of time due to the long lasting and stabilizing impact of features (Mischel, 1996). Hence one can argue that characteristic theory targets constancy in personality while psychodynamic theory hints at change in personality.

Trait experts usually analyze the techniques behind the behavior related with a specific trait. For example, some psychologists are eager in evaluating the primary concerns of timid people which keep them away from the cultural world (Burger, 2010). Nonetheless psychodynamic theories stress upon the value of early years as a child experiences, the significance of repressed emotions and internal disputes between your conscious and unconscious causes that manipulate our thoughts and behavior (Plotnik &Kouyoumdjian, 2010). Therefore you can state that trait theory focuses on indentifying the mechanisms underlying behaviour while psychodynamic theory emphasizes on describing personality and predicting behaviour rather than explaining why people act the way they are doing.

Early research shows that natural physical endowment is more important than environment in identifying personality in the sense that it's not simply likely to create a light or superficial effect on the image that an individual jobs vis- -vis others in the modern culture but rather it is the excellent factor which determines whether he or she will be favourably or unfavourably perceived by others in the community. However ownership of a particular trait will not promise success in a specific field; for example, honesty, self-confidence and the ability to stimulate others are a few of the few characteristics which determine authority. More recent study showed that an individual possessing the traits mentioned previously does not necessarily score high on leadership performance. Mix of both the management characteristics and management skills are had a need to create effective market leaders (Novick, Morrow & Mays, 2007). Alternatively, Freud's psychodynamic theory emphasize hugely on the disputes between conscious and unconscious makes that manipulate our views and actions (Plotnik &Kouyoumdjian, 2010). Thus you can claim that characteristic theories integrate both the mother nature and nurture way when shaping personality while psychodynamic ideas count mainly on the mindful and unconscious pushes when predicting an individual's behaviour.

To conclude; characteristic theorists are more concerned with indentifying specific characteristics which when merged may be used to explain personality. Proponents of the psychodynamic theory rely seriously on the powerful forces of the unconscious to clarify the perceptions, and behaviours of individuals. These behaviours can lead people to act with techniques that are inadequate and even self-destructive (Mischel, 1996).

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)