Dollard and Miller Stimulus Response Theory of Personality

Keywords: dollard and miller stimulus response theory

One of the psychology theories that have helped me to examine my behavior and understand myself better is the Dollard and Miller's Stimulus-Response Theory, which stipulates that personality conflicts are learned and may therefore be unlearned (Personality: Theories). This theory has helped me to comprehend the role played by fear, issue and repression in maladaptive learning which may result to neurosis (Personality: Theories). Within this theory, neurosis is explained as learned ways of avoiding anxiety; which often results from phobias developed when scary experience in individual's life are not confronted (Personality: Theories). Such activities wrap up producing fears in every future similar situations; making a person to attempt to avoid situations associated with fear (Personality: Ideas). However, this avoidance only increases the power of dread in the individual's life but does not constitute a remedy for dread or fear-related situations. The avoidance only makes the life span of that specific to become worse as the strength of fear evidently raises. Dollard and Miller's simulative response theory provides clear description of what my entire life was, when I was a teenager in high school. I resided in concern with the streets, vehicles and the traffic police force ever since my times as a high school student. Efforts to get rid of that anxiety and stress often resulted to phobia; creating even more fear and sometimes leading to unhappiness. I never knew it was a maladaptive learning that resulted from my own experience and participation in a street accident as a high school college student.

During my second yr as a higher school college student, I witnessed frightening experiences of loss of life views in a road accident that involved my university bus and an exclusive salon car. The institution bus was having 52 students who had been chosen to represent my school in inter-school game titles competitions and I happened to be one of the students's privileged to signify the school in high jump competitions. I remember very well our thrills as the ambassadors of our own university on that fateful morning hours when we all took our breakfast time and boarded the institution bus together with our school main and three video games teachers. Our university drivers was an older man aged around 43 years. He was a skilled driver and we always trusted him because he didn't have a brief history of road accidents for the fifteen years that he had functioned as a drivers in our school. We were only 12 kilometers from the venue of inter-school game titles competitions when a salon car, from the opposite direction lost control while endeavoring to overtake a lorry near a bridge and regrettably hit our institution bus at once collision at a higher speed. I was seated at the back and I could still remember perfectly that at one moment, the atmosphere was filled up with voices of students screaming for their lives. I experienced a total blackout and lost consciousness for a moment at the bang of my school bus and the salon car during at once collision. What followed were scenes of blood vessels and glasses dispersed all over the highway. Three students who had been seated in the front were critically injures and later passed away scheduled to severe inside bleeding while four people who experienced boarded the salon car died on the spot; using their car crushed beyond identification.

Although I was not damaged in the incident, the scenes that I witnessed extended to repeat themselves in my mind; both consciously and unconsciously for a long period of the time. I experienced dreams and nightmares of the accident scenes that we had observed and sometimes I feared going to bed to avoid horrible dreams and nightmares. I developed fear of boarding vehicles and phobia of walking along the road. Whenever I found with a traffic or save police, I always remembered the landscape of the mishap and received even more stressed out. I started reacting to these emotions of fear by preventing the law enforcement. I further ceased walking along the road and avoided travelling aboard vehicles in response to dread. I developed stress and phobia towards vehicles, highways and police. Alas, I did not confront my worries but instead I developed means of avoiding panic; by staying away from vehicles, highways and law enforcement. This however resulted to more powerful concerns that always triggered stress and sleepless nights whenever I acquire news of highway accidents. My tendencies is can be described by Dollard and Miller's theory which views regression as a reply produced when before developmental periods replicate themselves when appropriate behaviours are blocked by fear. With this theory, Dollard and Miller argued that any response that reduces ones drive level is reinforcing and it always have a tendency to take place again (Personality: Ideas). This implies that an specific is likely to repeat whatever replies he perceives to lessen his dread, like I have always done by steering clear of roads, police force and vehicles. This avoidance is not however a solution as it only creates more anxiety and stress. On understanding that I possibly could apply Dollard and Miller's theory to eliminate fear of streets, law enforcement officials and vehicles, I offered it a trial and developed a proactive method of address fear.

Since Dollard and Miller's theory emphasize that actions and responses are learned and can equally be unlearned, I applied this theory so that they can unlearn fear- related action that I developed after witnessing the car accident. This was in response to Dollard and Miller's Stimulus-Response Theory, which stresses on learning the action and kind of responses associated with that one patterns. My goal was now to unlearn fear of roads and reactions associated with such dread. I wanted to build up new positive reactions associated with the roads and replace the negative replies developed because of this of the automobile accident. Although it was difficult initially, I gained courage and joined up with several friends who often exercised for 30 minutes daily either by working or walking along the road. I focused on the exercise and was often preoccupied with the pleasure of benefits associated with performing exercises as opposed to the negative thoughts of road accident. My latest experience on streets, that was now the daily thirty minutes walk along the street soon modified my conception about roads as sources of fatality and I started embracing them as places where I could walk or ran widely in daily exercise to realize and maintain a healthy body.

When I realized that exercise worked positively to improve my notion about streets, I also started attending traveling classes; which I thought would help me unlearn the patterns of fearing vehicles and avoid phobias associated with vehicles. Though it was primarily difficult to convince myself to drive along the street, I soon developed courage and experienced i was in control over the automobile. This improved my perception of vehicles as tools of loss of life to objects of luxury that I possibly could control.

I now enjoy driving a vehicle and I am no longer afraid of vehicles, highways or police. The idea has contributed favorably in empowering me to change my perception towards the roads, police force and vehicles. This runs a long way to proof the application form and practicability of the idea and also evidence right the theorists, who claim that one's personality is dependant on his latest learning activities. My recent learning activities about roads, law enforcement and vehicles have overtaken past experience of incident and consequently have improved my understanding about roads, in the end making my personality better. I've found that my personality changes from day to day for better because my current learning experiences are positive and accept positive perception about streets, vehicles and law enforcement officials. My personality is therefore composed of habits; which will be the learned associations between drives, appropriate cues, and reactions (Personality: Ideas). This makes me unique and different from another person because my preceding experiences differ from those of other folks. Furthermore, my personality can be expected to change in future as encounter new future encounters.

According to Dollard and Miller's Stimulus-Response Theory, one must want something, do something and get something in order for him to learn; hence factors related to the theory are drive, cue, response, and prize (Personality: Theories). This evidently talks about how my desire to have change, wanting to re-locate of dread and phobia associated with highways, vehicles and police determined me to understand how to drive and exercise along the street. The experience was quite worthwhile because it helped bring a new conception about streets, vehicles and authorities to my life and also addressed the problem accessible.

Dollard and Miller describe drive as a solid stimulus which impels action. They might be internal or external; Drive is what made impelled me to do something and address fear and stop living a distressed life of phobia (Personality: Theories). Dollard and Miller's theory has given me understanding that there are cues that guide me when a drive is aroused. Cues encourage me to respond; identifying when and where you can answer and even what type of response I will make. These were guiding factors towards my response to escape fear.

My experiences are consistent with Dollard and Miller's stimulus-response theory, which stipulates that whenever children are blessed, they have some organized initial replies; whose hierarchy can be changed by the procedure of learning, leading to development of new responses (Personality: Theories). My experiences have therefore resulted to development of the latest order of replies towards highways, vehicles and law enforcement officials. They have changed the old encounters and responses with new ones that are positive.

In summary, Dollard and Miller's theory can be tested and proven. The theory is effective for human beings as proven by my case. Dollard and Miller's stimulus-response theory defines aggression behavior produced by reproducible stimulus situations such as frustrations or interruptions of goal seeking. A neurosis in the framework of the theory is seen as inability to make adoptive behaviors which could be studied as learning inability and as such could be remedied with new learning.

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