Ethical Issues In Psychological Screening Psychology Essay

A major issue confronting a subconscious researcher is ethics. Research ethics comprise many different topics, including test building and psychometrics. Regions of matter within these areas include, but aren't limited to, dimension bias; validity and dependability; errors and the utilization of carelessness or deception; areas of limitations in the research, and suggestions. The scientist must provide enough information about the research to guarantee the applicability of the results. However, the experimenter also needs to include information about the misuse of research and the necessity to consult multiple sources of information. The researcher must be sure that they are abiding by moral process as results may have results that the experimenter cannot foresee, and failing woefully to comply with these processes may lead to the scorn of the scientific community. Because of the daunting mother nature of the process, it is necessary for the researcher to work with fellow scientists to confirm their research is reputable.

Keywords: ethics, problems, measurement bias, trustworthiness, research, validity

Ethical Issues in Psychological Testing

Activity 9

Psychologists regularly execute research where they have to ensure they may be meeting ethical rules and professional expectations. This may range from educated consent and confidentiality, to appropriate test use and proper testing protocol. Ethics takes on a significant role in the way the technological community perceives the task of your researcher. For instance, a discovery where in fact the researcher plagiarized the work of another, or was intentionally negligent in their research, would lead with their research being unaccepted by fellow experts. Lesser examples of this include issues of a test not reaching the purposes of a research study. Therefore, ethics is an important aspect to reliable research tactics.

Test construction can be an important part of research ethics. The American Psychological Connection (APA) (2010) published the manual Moral Principles of Psychologists and Code of Carry out. This provides a statement on test construction in Standard 9. 05, which says, "Psychologists who develop testing and other analysis techniques use appropriate psychometric types of procedures and current clinical or professional knowledge for test design, standardization, validation, reduction or removal of bias, and suggestions for use" (p. 13). Test building in ethics refers to psychometrics and professional knowledge of research methods. Klein (2005) adds to the importance of research methods because "the psychometric characteristics of the tool itself are of key importance in test use" (p. 289). As noted in the standard, this broad area of study has issues of validity and stability, way of measuring bias, and recommendations for applying the study in different adjustments, as well as knowledge of the research review and misuses of the study.

In dimension bias, the test shows unintentional desire towards people of a certain qualifications. Klein (2005) notes, if the entire test ratings or the "differential selection rates of individuals from identifiable subgroups by themselvesbehave in different ways across groupings, then dimension bias is said to appear" (p. 296). At these times, the research results are not accurate because the test results show distortion to favor one group over another. One cannot make accurate policies from lab tests that have measurement bias. In addition, the Joint Committee on Testing Practices (JCTP) (2004), in Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education, mentions that dissimilarities relating to test results from various organizations must relate with "the skills being assessed, " not the difference in linguistic or social track record (p. 4). Therefore, there may be distinctions in research results so long as they represent the skills of a group. One group may have a larger ability to perform a task than another group. This is not measurement bias; on the other hand, this is a reflection of the practical capacities of the group. Researchers have to ensure their test is reasonable and impartial against a minority.

The JCTP (2004) provides further information related to test construction. Researchers must ensure they provide information regarding what the test procedures, what its recommended use is, and the measure's strengths and limitations. There has to be a sufficient amount of information for an insurance plan maker to make decisions from the study, including being aware of how the research might be unhelpful. The validity and consistency of the test must meet "its planned purposes" (p. 4). Patten (2004) identifies validity as "the extent that it measures what it was created to measure and accurately carries out the function(s) it is purported to perform" (p. 59). Dependability identifies the test yielding "consistent results" (p. 71). There must be an indication regarding if the test measures the particular researcher intended, and how consistent it is those measurements. Analysts must provide tips for the interpretation of test outcomes, including the possible misuse of research. Readers should be aware that they should not rely using one research study when coming up with decisions. There also needs to be strategies for placing "performance specifications or passing results" if another researcher was going to give the same test (JCTP, p. 8). In the study article, there should be an indication of what rating a participant requires to "pass" a test, or what constitutes sufficient performance.

Test structure also involves errors in research. The Committee on Technology, Engineering, and Consumer Policy (1995) notes, when an unintentional error immediately corrected, the medical community accepts the problem. However, whenever a scientist is negligent due to inattention, haste, or carelessness, the researcher can be admonished because this may lead to work that "will not meet the requirements demanded in research" (p. 15). Deception in research also offers huge implications. Deception involves "Making up data or results (fabrication), changing or misreporting data or results (falsification), and using the ideas or words of someone else without giving appropriate credit (plagiarism)" (p. 16). Therefore, to ensure ethics in research, experts should ensure they aren't using neglect or deception.

I buy into the readings in this task because, in academics fields, researchers have to ensure they abide by ethical procedures. Science has its basis on the medical method, which aims for honesty through the scientific process. In addition, many previous clinical tests experienced far-reaching consequences that the researcher didn't anticipate. Therefore, it is important that scientists follow research ethics. This is apparently a intimidating task due to many issues regarding ethical psychological assessment. However, just as college students cannot plagiarize their task for a class because they're breaking the guidelines of ethics for academics integrity, analysts cannot use deception in research. That is violating research integrity. Research workers have to be open up in their research because the scientific community will scrutinize their work to ensure it acts relative to ethical guidelines. The Committee on Research, Engineering, and Consumer Coverage (1995) mentions that "research results [must] be accepted by other researchers" (p. 3). In addition, because knowledge is a cultural process where researchers review the work of others to guarantee it fits "socially accepted specifications in science, " researchers strive for "responsible scientific practice" (p. 4). Research must meet up with the rules devised by other professionals in their academic field because of the nature of technology.

In this task, I learned about the importance of ethics in research and the results of failing woefully to abide by them. There are various "grey" areas in research ethics, as mentioned in the publication On Being a Scientist: Responsible Conduct in Research. While doing research, the experimenter should remember to ensure that studies are valid, reliable, and absence dimension bias. The researcher must give suggestions for even more use of the research and setting transferring results or performance benchmarks. Because this appears to be a large process, beginning analysts should work carefully with an advisor or faculty member to ensure they follow ethical techniques. This mentor can give useful advice on research ethics, as well as provide additional resources to seek advice from regarding right research disciplines.

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)