Gender differences in the education and upbringing of schoolchildren
As a result of studying this chapter, students should:
• The content of the concepts gender and gender & quot ;, gender identity & quot ;, gender aspects of socialization & quot ;;
• gender features and gender stereotypes that affect boys and girls in learning;
• the basic theory of socialization;
be able to
• carry out diagnosis of gender characteristics and gender stereotypes;
• Overcoming gender stereotypes in the learning process;
• take into account the gender peculiarities of the schoolchildren's learning process
• specific techniques and tools for identifying gender stereotypes.
Examples from school practice:
The lesson begins in primary school. On the table, girls neatly lay a stack of textbooks and notebooks. A pencil was next to it. Lyovochki catch the teacher's eyes. Ready for interaction. Some boys are also ready for the lesson, but someone else climbs into the briefcase for supplies, and there are those who are just finishing the game started on the change. The teacher began the lesson. Girls attentively listen to the teacher, trying to do what he asks, trying to be diligent students. Nice to see in the notebook of accurate pupils. And whose are these notebooks? Yes, to a greater extent - this is a notebook of girls.
In the eyes of the teacher, a "good student" - it's neat, executive, attentive, diligent child. Who is more inherent in these traits? As you understand, this characterizes the girl. Hence, under the description of good student gets a girl. And the boy is less in line with the expectations of the teacher, and therefore more likely corresponds to the "bad student".
Bad learner - untidy, sloppy, untidy, mischievous, inattentive at lessons, uncollected, etc. Whose image occurs before the eyes? Who is this in the eyes of the teacher? Most likely, the teacher will see in this image of the boy from the last desk.
Primary school teacher on the question "What individual characteristics of boys and girls does he take into account in the process of interacting with children?" answers: "I have pupils in my class, not girls and boys. And I treat all children equally. "
These examples demonstrate some differences in views on pupils of different sex: boys and girls. Studying the features related to gender, foreign researchers use 2 terms: sex - sex (denoting the biological basis of human behavior) and gender (when the socio-cultural influence on behavior is meant), domestic scientists use the concepts "sexual" features and gender features & quot ;.
Sex (biological) is a collection of contrasting generative characteristics of individuals of one species; Sex (social) - a complex of somatic, reproductive, sociocultural and behavioral characteristics that provide the individual with a personal, social and legal status of a man or woman.
The real problem is that gender and gender differences between boys and girls exist. But in the context of pedagogical psychology, the question arises as to what extent these differences affect the learning and upbringing of boys and girls and to what extent they should be taken into account by the teacher in the process of education and upbringing.
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