How is psychological counseling carried out - Psychological counseling

How is psychological counseling

Consultation begins with a personal meeting between a counselor and a client. The consultant or his assistant is recommended to meet the client, standing at the entrance to the consulting room, where counseling will be conducted. The meeting should be the first to introduce himself to the client and, if necessary, hold him and sit him in the place where he should be during counseling. Further, before starting a conversation with the client on the merits of his case - on the problem with which he turned to a psychological consultation - it should be, sitting next to the client, to make a short pause in the conversation so that the client can calm down and tune in for the upcoming conversation . As soon as the client calms down and is psychologically ready to listen to the consultant, you can start a meaningful conversation about the client's problem.

Talk with the client should start with getting to know him as a person, clarifying what is important for counseling, but not marked on the client's card. If necessary, the consultant can tell the client and something about himself.

After completing the procedure of general acquaintance, the consultant can offer the client to tell about his worries, and listen carefully, patiently and benevolently to him. From time to time, the counselor can ask questions to the client, clarifying something for himself, but not hindering the client in his confession. It is necessary to ensure that the questions of the counseling psychologist do not knock down the client from the thought, cause him not irritation, tension, resistance, do not generate the desire to interrupt the conversation or simply transfer it to formal rails or to another topic.

The consultant should remember names, dates, facts, events and much more, which is important for understanding the client's personality, for finding the best solution to his problem, and for working out correct and effective conclusions and recommendations.

It is best to remember the information received from the client, without a written fixation. However, if the counseling psychologist is not completely sure of his memory, then, having asked for permission from the client, he can easily make short written notes heard from the client, including during confession.

By the end of the confessional story, the counselor psychologist should already have a definite idea of ​​the essence of the client's problem, as well as the assumptions about the possible causes of the problem and how to resolve it. All this the counselor psychologist should directly share with the client at the end of the confession and after a relatively short pause, which is usually necessary for the consultant to gather his thoughts, and the client is attuned to the attentive hearing of the consultant.

Then the conversation continues with the counseling psychologist, and the client, listening to him, can ask questions of interest to him, and, if he so wishes, supplement his confession. In addition, in this part of the consultation the client can express his opinion about what he himself will hear from the counselor psychologist.

Sometimes it is not enough for the counselor psychologist that the client has told about himself and his problem in confession. In order to make more correct conclusions and formulate sound recommendations regarding the essence and solution of the client's problem, the psychologist-consultant sometimes needs additional information about him.

In this case, before formulating their findings and conclusions, the counselor-psychologist conducts an additional conversation with the client or other persons related to the problem that the client has, and are able to provide useful information for counseling.

The fact that the counselor-psychologist is going to talk with other persons about the client's problem, he must in advance notify the client himself and ask him for permission.

Sometimes, to make a decision about a client's problem, a counselor psychologist may need to conduct an additional client survey using a series of psychological tests. In this case, the consultant should explain to the client the need to conduct such a survey, specifying, in particular, what it will consist of, how much time it will take, how it will go and what results it can give. It is also important to tell the client in advance how, where and by whom the results of his psychological examination can be or will be used.

If the client does not consent to psychological testing, then the counselor should not insist on this. At the same time, he is obliged - if in fact so - to warn the client that his refusal to participate in psychological testing can make it difficult to understand his problem and find his optimal solution.

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