How Parenting Affects Teen Substance Abuse Psychology Essay

This paper explores multiple released articles that analysis and survey on the results from research conducted on various family set ups and parenting styles, and how they impact adolescent drug abuse. This paper points out the four different varieties of parenting and the impact all of them has on a teenager. The newspaper will also verify in specific information the research conducted on the impact that different factors have on adolescent substance abuse. Such parameters include, how family composition and parent-child connections influence the adolescent. The way the relationship between an adolescent and his / her father influences their medication use. Aswell as, the way the warmness and control of parenting affect adolescent substance abuse.

Family Structure and Parenting Styles: How They Affect Adolescent Substance Abuse

Parent interventions and parenting styles have a major effect on whether their young young adults will experiment, misuse, or become dependent on drugs. To be able to positively influence their teen, adults must focus on three primary areas of parenting. First, they need to set appropriate guidelines and guidelines for teen patterns beyond the family. Second, they must share and enforce appropriate rules with the adolescent. And third, parents must arranged strong limitations by conveying education and limits about medicine and liquor use. (Dishion, 2004) You will discover multiple studies that have been conducted that show a correlation between parenting styles and adolescent medication use. According to analyze on adolescence, parents can be proactive in their child's life by preserving a close, healthy relationship with them. Research demonstrates family framework, parent-child romantic relationships, and parental control all have an effect on whether the teenage uses alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs. By keeping yourself informed, and learning current research results, parents can realize your desire to hire techniques and parenting styles that will greatly reduce the chance that the youngster will abuse drugs.

Some potential causes of distinctions in parenting styles might include culture, personality, family size, parental backdrop, socioeconomic status, educational level and faith. By understanding the different styles, and the impact they have on children, parents can make what they think will prove to be the most beneficial because of their children and family. You will discover four main parenting styles that are commonly studied and examined, they are authoritarian, authoritative permissive, and uninvolved. Authoritarian parents expect their children to follow many strict guidelines, and if they don't, they will be punished. These parents are considered to be behavior and status focused, and expect their orders to be obeyed without explanation. Authoritative parents build rules and rules that their kids are anticipated to follow, but at the same time, they are available to questions that their children might have. Authoritative parents want their kids to be self-regulated but cooperative, as well as assertive and socially liable. A far more lenient design of parenting is called permissive parenting. Permissive parents are more likely to nurture their child than discipline them, plus they often become their child's good friend, somewhat than their parent. The fourth design of parenting is named uninvolved parenting. These parents typically gratify their child's basic needs, but don't have much of an active role in their child's life. Many of these parenting styles produce different influences on the child. According to research conducted by Engels, Dekovis, & Meeus (2002), an authoritarian parenting style generally contributes to children who are obedient and proficient, nonetheless they have lower cultural competence and self-esteem, and are less happy overall. Authoritative parenting styles produce children who are happy, capable and successful. Permissive parenting ends up with children who are disappointed, have low home- regulation, and experience issues with authority. Children raised by uninvolved parents typically lack self-control, have self esteem issues and are usually less capable than their peers. By understanding the parenting styles that are associated with high rates of adolescent substance abuse, involvement techniques can be targeted at the specific children that are believed high risk. Through research and studies on youngsters populations, researchers can better understand the precise characteristics of family associations that relate with substance abuse in teens.

Research conducted by Ledoux, S. , Miller, P. , Choquet, M. , & Herb, M. (2001) analyzed how family structure and parent-child associations impact teen drug use. The analysis was conducted in France and the United Kingdom, and included 2, 641 subject matter between 15 and 16 yrs. old. The research included a questionnaire that included questions about the individual's use of alcoholic beverages, cigarette and illicit drugs. The other variables in the analysis included gender, family framework, associations to the parents and parental control. Family structure was broken down into four categories: intact, restructured, single father or mother, and other. To look for the individual's marriage with each of these parents, two questions were asked, 'how satisfied are you usually with your romance with your mother?' and the same was asked for father. Parental control was assessed by requesting 'do your parents know where you spend Sunday evenings?' All the research was put together, after analysis, analysts found that adolescents who lived in non-intact families were much more likely to use alcohol, cigarette or illicit drugs, and poor or poor interactions with parents might lead to or donate to adolescent medication use. By breaking down the parameters that cause drug abuse, further research can be conducted about how to counteract the variables that produce unwanted effects.

Research conducted by the Country wide Center on Habit and Substance Abuse (CASA), discovered that the quality of a teenagers romance with their dad directly impacts how likely it will be for the young to work with drugs or alcoholic beverages. CASA researchers discovered that children moving into two-parent families who've a good or poor romantic relationship with their dad have a 68 percent higher risk of smoking, drinking and using drugs than teens residing in two-parent households. Young adults living in a household headed by an individual mother are 30 percent more likely to use a substance, in comparison to teenagers in two parent or guardian households. The study conducted by CASA also found that about 60 percent of teenagers between the age range of 12 and 17 are considered risky for substance abuse. 'High risk' means that the teenager has friends who use marijuana or drink regularly, they have a classmate or friend who used LSD, cocaine or heroin, they can buy marijuana quickly, or they expect to use an against the law drug in the foreseeable future. 60% of teens between that age range turns into roughly 14 million children. (Wylie, 1999) By knowing what the term 'high risk' is associated with, steps can be studied to improve and eliminate the factors that put young adults in danger of becoming product abusers. Parents must educate themselves and their children about the negative impacts associated with medication use, and must enforce guidelines and control so their children don't get associated with drugs or liquor.

Research shows that parental ambiance and control are extremely important factors with regards to adolescent drug use. A report was conducted on 128 post medicine users that centered on parental ambiance and control (cite article). The individuals were asked to complete multiple parenting styles and medicine use questionnaires. Results discovered that, in comparison to non-users, a larger proportion of medication users characterized the design of parenting that they were elevated with as 'neglectful'. Results also showed that the individuals that considered their parents' style authoritative, possessed significantly lower life span consumption and drug use, compared to the individuals that described their parents as neglectful. Also, the people from authoritarian backgrounds got significantly smaller lifetime usage of drugs compared to all other organizations. (Montgomery & Craig, 2008) This research implies that parental control has a far more significant effect on their children's medicine use, when compared to parental warmth. Quite simply, parents that tend to be stricter, and have guidelines and high goals, typically raise children that not take part in high levels of medication use. Also, authoritative parents who have expectations because of their children, tend to raise children that not participate in drug use as much as people whose parents were uninvolved in their lives.

A massive amount research shows that family influences have a great have an impact on on adolescent drug use. However, additional research is needed to fully understand how parenting styles and family dynamics are related to adolescent medicine use. The research and information that happens to be available may eventually produce positive benefits in conditions of preventative treatment. Because we know that parents that are inactive in their children lives typically raise teens that tend to use chemicals more than others, we're able to form father or mother education programs to market adolescent wellbeing. The classes could coach parents how to create limits and settings for their children while still retaining a warm and supportive romance. By getting uninvolved parents to be more involved in the lives with their children, and by showing permissive parents how to create more rules for their children, we might eventually visit a decrease in adolescent medication use all together. I would be ideal to utilize this preventative approach to therapy, however for the children out there that are already coping with a medicine problem, there is a potential solution. Research conducted by Howard A. Liddle, of the School of Miami Miller School of Medicine, studied the dissimilarities between peer group medications and family remedy. The results proved that folks that participated in family therapy showed higher reductions in the use of any substance, compared to the people that participated in peer group drug treatment. (Monti, 2009) This research demonstrates, not only do positive family associations and parenting styles reduce the chances of young substance abuse; family support is also the most successful tool when participating in drug therapy.

All of the research that is discussed pulls the same realization and supports the idea that family structure and parent-child relationships greatly influence whether or not an adolescent will participate in drug use. There are however, multiple factors that produce different benefits in regards to an individual's experience. Not merely do the dynamics of everyone affect the results, the teen's romantic relationship with each mother or father affect the situation. The study conducted by (Ledoux et al. , 2001), supports this idea, the research conducted by CASA also provides promoting evidence on the consequences produced by individual parent connections with the teenager. Another variable that influences teen medication use is parental control. (Montgomery et al. , 2008) research on control and friendliness shows that parental control performs a sizable role on the adolescent's life. The analysis by (Ledoux et al. , 2001) also illustrates how parental control plays a part in the adolescent's result. Multiple studies which may have been discussed prove that the young adults whose parents are positively involved with their lives have lower rates or drug use. Overall, parent or guardian participation and healthy family connections contain the most effect on whether young adults will experiment, mistreatment, or become addicted to drugs.

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)