Humanistic methodology in counselling psychology

It will look at how it surfaced and who were the main practitioners in this approach. It will then equate to the other two main methods Psychoanalysis and cognitive behavior theory.

Humanistic procedure one of the three solutions in counselling psychology surfaced after disillusion with the other two prominent approaches at that time psychodynamic and behaviourist. It emerges as the third push in the 1950s and 1960s. It changed away from taking a look at psychology clinically plus more at the individual.

The humanistic approach as the 3rd force in modern psychology realizes the key of learning and the various psychological operations that are usually associated with the concentration of research but centers usually positively on the individual's future not days gone by. Carson et al (1988). The therapy is phenomenological so that it is important for the counsellor to see occurrences the way the client see them. The person being cared for is not regarded as a patient but as a customer on equal conditions to the counsellor. The primary goals of humanistic psychology are to determine how individuals understand themselves in the here and today and to understand progress, self-direction and duties. This method is positive and attempts to help individuals recognize their advantages by supplying a non-judgmental, empathic experience. Humanistic imagine this home actualizing inclination is the essential

The Humanistic procedure offers a therapeutic atmosphere which allows the client to be fully included again. The way the therapeutic romantic relationship works isn't just about the idea additionally it is about the knowledge itself. Grey (1994).

The humanistic perspective was greatly inspired by exceptional psychologists such as Carl Rogers, Abraham Maslow, Fritz Perls, and Gardner Murphy. The Humanistic procedure provided individuals with an alternative solution choice in focusing on realizing human capabilities in areas such as creativity, personal development and choice. Two of the major brands in associated with this approach are Carl Rogers Abraham Maslow. Carl Rogers sometimes appears by many as the individual who advance the reason for humanistic psychology the most. Rogers's client-centered remedy and person-centered psychology show and verified the dissimilarities between humanistic psychology and behavioral and psychodynamic methods to personality. Rogers found humans as rational animals inundated by irrational needs. He presumed learning and understand the energy of these irrational needs on one's tendencies was what humanistic remedy was about. www. Questia. com/Carl_Rogers, Margrate take this off

For therapeutic change that occurs in the person-centred way, Rogers retained that three primary conditions have to be present. Unconditioned positive respect is where in fact the counsellor accepts the client unconditionally and non-judgementally. Whatever the client wants to go over all thoughts and emotions, positive or negative they are able to discuss without fear of rejection or condemnation. Empathic understanding, the counsellor effectively recognizes with the client's thoughts, emotions and meanings from their perspective. Where in fact the counsellors enters the client's world his certainty without dread or view, and without pushing your client into emotions he may not be ready to discover. Empathy is a constant process where in fact the counsellor takes out their own thoughts and encounters in order to understand and relate with the encounters of your client. The third condition congruence or realness the counsellor is real and genuine the counsellor will not pretend to learn everything but is present and transparent to your client and they can draw independently experiences to facilitate the relationship. These three central conditions Rogers believed helped the client to build up and expand their own identity so clients move from having poor self-concept to a posture where these are closer to their real worth with their organism self a state doing so become the Rogers preserved that expansion promoting originated from the therapeutic romance with no technique or method needed.

Person focused has a couple of values and behaviour not ways which people should react. However Personal focused counselors use paraphrasing, reflecting emotions, paraphrasing to share feelings in response to the client's disclosure mirroring back again emotional communication therefore communicating to the client he cares and knows. It has been argued that this can be considered as a techniques but Humanistic consider it as a good working alliance.

Maslow's 1940's 50's 60's theory has common characteristics with Rogers he posited what he called a hierarchy of human being needs. In the bottom are natural needs, then esteem needs, then cognitive, then aesthetic needs then a need to self actualise. This theory of self-actualization inclination according to Maslow was the innate real human determination which everyone has and helps people to reach their potential by utilizing their own talents and abilities. He believed drive was necessary to understanding human behaviour. Maslow's hierarchy of human being needs believe psychopathology is cause by the failure to gratify one's fundamental needs, physiological, safeness, love, esteem, and self-actualization. Maslow hierarchy of needs lists and characteristic are as significantnt today as these were 40 years back. Maslow put great emphasis on peak activities. Peak experiences are times in life which bring us beyond our regular perceptions, thoughts, and thoughts. These peak experience emerge unexpectedly and changes an individual understands of themselves and the world. However some psychologists thought Maslow's theory due to "mystical" characteristics of peak encounters left them a bit uneasy. But Maslow determination ideas are greatly know and accepted.

The humanistic approach is effective as it includes therapies including the person centred procedure (Rogers, 1902) and fact therapy between others. Personal centred counselling is one of the very most extensively used counselling methods it can be used in schools, nursing homes workplaces. Roger's believed that humans provide an actualising tendency to achieve their full potential. It emphasises the role of over socialisation in protecting against people from being able to perceive themselves and their environment properly, and therefore not being able to self actualise. Through experience with clients, he found that each person's reality is different, depending on the perceptions and experiences. He called this perception someone's 'internal frame of reference point'. When perceptions become maladaptive, therapy aims to focus on each individuals' world to help them live more fully, using the primary conditions of congruence, unconditional positive regard and empathy. Rogers assumed that your client knew what was best for them. Rogers spoke of what he named an internal locus of evaluation where Rogers assumed a person could easily get all the intelligence advice from within themselves. Mearns (1997).

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This article will now compare the two other methods psychodynamic and cognitive behavioural theories vary with Humanistic.

Freud 1956-1939 was the creator of the psychodynamic non directive approach. The primary emphasis is placed on the unconscious under free will of the theory. According to Freud psychodynamic approach is determined by unconscious thoughts, recollections etc that have their root base in childhood encounters. The psychodynamic way was the first personality and psychotherapy theory; it emphasised on sexuality as an affect, and put forward the importance of early youth experience and developed the concept of the unconscious. Psychodynamic theory is based on pathology but there are no controlled studies. The dissimilarities between women and men are overemphasis and it compensates little focus on interpersonal relations, individual personal information and changes a person makes over a lifetime. Psychodynamic feels that early encounters have a significant impact on the introduction of our conscious and unconscious. Freud believes adult personality and behavior are manipulated by the mindful and unconscious brain.

The techniques psychodynamic counselors take part in derive from psychoanalysis

The counselor's role is to interpret the unconscious material material that emerges indirectly in the counseling program. The major techniques used are Free relationship the individual without censoring anything records whatever comes into his brain. Interpretation the counselor interprets what he considers is the true meaning of a few of the patients behaviors. Examination of transference the individual right answers the counselor in a way that they have clarified other important people in their life, silence as a method is used to encourage free connection, the counselor then helps the individual understand and interpret their replies out of this interpretations are made about the unconscious motives behind the activities or thoughts. .

Cognitive-behavioural therapy is one of the behaviourism university. It thinks that behaviour is learnt through conditioning and modelling and maladaptive behaviour is cared for by learning adaptive behaviours. Cognitive-behavioural remedy can be divided into three main types of therapy; cognitive therapy, (Beck, 1960) behaviour therapy Watson (1920) and rational-emotive-behaviour remedy, also known as REBT Ellis, 1950). Cognitive-behavioural remedy CBT emerged from behavioural psychology. The term cognitive-behavioural remedy CBT is a directive counseling approach was presented by Beck s 1960's Cognitive therapy all predicated on the suggestion to change people's behavior to be able to relearn the new action and un learned the old Close attention is paid to the values, thoughts and perceptions of clients to see how they screen and control their action. The counselor may be identified as a professor or trainer by the client. The therapeutic design of CBT will not assume that the therapeutic romance is crucial for change that occurs. Completely different from Humanistic who believe that romantic relationship of great importance. . There can be an interactive organized dialogue between client and therapist your client is likely to recognize the situation habit and the thoughts which lead up to it and question the validity of the idea processes. New means of considering the activities are developed that may lead to a big change in behavior the client may be give homework assignments.


The humanistic methodology is non-directive and believes just how a person behaves can be manipulated by their free will. The cognitive methodology believes a person's behaviour is induced by the way they think, by recollections and what sort of information is stored in the brain. They are different in Humanistic way believes an individual can make their own decision and changes in their life. The cognitive approach believes it is not as easy and a person's behaviour cannot be manipulated so easily and depends upon the way a person's head works. Psychodynamic approach maintains that child years experiences composed the adult personality

The Humanist assumptions that people are determined by the wish to grow and satisfy their potential and can pick what they want to be and what is best for them gets the benefit of being truly a very positive way. It sets focus on free will in contrast to behavioral and psychodynamic methods which place more focus on what makes people behave as they do. Your client is more likely to believe that the counselor can be an equal partner an expert. The primary restorative tool in the Humanistic methodology is the partnership between the client and the counselor.

In realization within the psychodynamic casework the therapist would use techniques, which offered support and affirmation as the relationship between the counselor and consumer was being retained, therefore lowering stress. They might also use modifying procedures, which aimed to lessen outside pressure supporting the client to get insight to their specific situation. where in CBT clients tend to be focused to improve the tendencies as CBT is merely necessary to change a maladaptive behavior, therapeutic relationships tend to be involve in training and learning, and centering as educators and scholar t relationship Humanistic strategy has been in charge of a variety of techniques within caring. In humanistic way is recognized as 'person-centered therapy'. Using this approach the counselor must be empathic and show a knowledge how the individual feels about the problem they may be in also to help the client see that they are the key to the healing process.

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