Hypertensive type, Cycloid type - Fundamentals of general psychology

Hyperthymic type

Teenagers who belong to this type, from childhood, are very shy, sociable, even bold, prone to mischief. They do not have shyness or shyness with strangers, but they lack the sense of distance in their relationships with adults.

Dominant character traits: constantly elevated mood, openness to communicate with people, joy from this communication, which is combined with good health and flowering appearance.

Attractive character traits: vigor, optimism, generosity, the desire to help people, initiative, talkativeness, cheerfulness, and his mood is almost independent of what is happening around him. But high vitality, splashing energy, irresistible activity, lust for activity are combined with the tendency to scatter and not to bring the case to the end.

Repulsive character traits: the inability to concentrate on a particular matter or thought for a long time, the constant rush (strive to do something more interesting at the moment), lack of organization, familiarity, lightheadedness, readiness for unrestrained risk, rudeness (but without any evil), propensity to project and immoral actions (but not maliciously and immediately ready to repent).

Weak link a teenager of a hypertensive type: does not tolerate a monotonous situation, monotonous work requiring careful, painstaking work, or a severe restriction of communication; It is oppressed by loneliness or forced idleness.

Peculiarities of communication and friendship: always acts as a joker and a joker, loves to gather guests, his house is a meeting place for friends and just acquaintances, where any person can easily come and stay as long as he likes. Always reaching out to the company, among peers seeking leadership. It can easily be in an unfavorable environment, inclined to adventures. Hyperthym is ready to be friends with all light, but it is not capable of deep affection. He inheres altruism, he can rush to help a person without hesitation. In friendship he is kind and gentle. After offending someone, he quickly forgets about it and at the next meeting he can genuinely rejoice at the person; if necessary, he can sincerely apologize for the offense and immediately do something pleasant to the offended person.

Attitudes toward learning and work: schoolchildren of this type could make significant progress, but they are frivolous and lazy, can not concentrate on one subject, especially if some sustained effort is required to master it. In principle, all subjects are given to them easily, but the knowledge obtained in school is superficial and often unsystematic.

Hyperthym is constantly late for lessons, skipping (especially those classes where he is bored and can not express himself). But it is easy for him to make up for lost time, for example, before a test or exam, he can not sleep all night and learn the necessary material.

Hyperthym can achieve success in almost any case. At first, everything is arguing in his hands, certain achievements appear, but as soon as routine routine work begins, he becomes uninteresting, the business ceases to be new, and he is ready to give it up, switch to something else.

Often, noisy and overactive hypertimism creates only a semblance of productive activity (eagerly and with great fervor takes over the business, plans a lot of events, holds meetings, etc.), and this helps him to make a career.

Cycloid type

In childhood, it does not differ much from its peers, but sometimes it gives the impression of hypertim, i.e. periods can be unusually noisy, mischievous, constantly doing something. And then again it becomes a calm and manageable child. With the onset of the puberty period (puberty), periodic phases of mood changes occur, the duration of which can be from several days to a week or more.

Dominant character traits: the change of two opposite states - the hypertensive and hypotensive, the cyclic changes in the emotional background (periods of elevated mood are replaced by phases of emotional decline).

Attractive character traits: initiative, cheerfulness, sociability (during periods of mood elevation, when he looks like hypertimia), sadness, thoughtfulness, lethargy, loss of strength - everything falls from the hands; what was easily obtained yesterday, today does not work at all or requires incredible efforts (during periods of mood decline, when it looks like a hypotima).

Repulsive character traits: inconsistency, imbalance, indifference, outbursts of irritability, excessive resentment and captiousness to others. During a recession, it becomes more difficult to live and learn, and communicate. Companies start to annoy, risk and adventure, entertainment and contacts lose their former attractiveness. The teenager becomes for the time a stay-at-home. Mistakes, minor troubles that occur during this period due to poor health, are experienced very hard for him, especially since there is something to compare with. After all, a day or two ago everything turned out fine, for example in sports, but today there is no game, and the coach is not happy, and the teenager himself does not know what to do. And this depresses him, he does not recognize himself, his body, can not understand his irritation, unwillingness to see even close people. He responds to the remarks with discontent and rudeness, although in the depths of his soul he is strongly experiencing these sudden changes for him. But feelings of despair do not happen, as he understands that a certain time will pass and everything will turn out well again, everything will turn out as before. It is necessary only to wait for this period of recession.

Weak link this type: hard experiencing emotional rejection by meaningful people and radical breaking of life stereotypes.

Features of communication and friendship: relationships with people are cyclical. The craving for communication, new acquaintances, reckless daring is replaced by closeness, unwillingness to communicate even with the closest friends ("all of you bored me"). He prefers to really make friends with those who understand the inevitability of a change in relations for a while and do not take offense at this, forgives outbursts of irritability and resentment.

Attitude to study and work: during studies periods of active work in classes and at home are replaced by stages when the adolescent is completely indifferent to the subjects of study, homework. In the work he is hypertimile (any case is controversial and it turns out, but as long as it is interesting), then hypotimus - dissatisfied with any proposed work, will find the reason for complaints and irritation.

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