Impact of Bullying and Cyber Bullying on Adolescents

Introduction

It has been long thought that bulling is an integral part of growing up and being that they are only children, they don't know they are possibly causing damage. This is not the situation, bullies take action with the sole intention to inflict mental and or physical harm to their chosen victim for their own personal gratification. Bulling and Cyber Bulling have become major issues in our society and the challenge is ever increasing. Since rapid improvement of personal communication devices especially smart phone and applications that use cultural media, it is becoming simpler for bullies at gain access to their victims twenty-four time a day, 7 days per week. This occurs covertly, nobody is the wiser unless the supposed victim speaks up, this almost never occurs. Just how do we are educators help address the issue of bulling, harassment and cyber bulling, so that it does not have a negative influence on the student's academic and social accomplishments. How do we as a society, stop this culture of abuse that is affecting a generation of teenagers. It's the duty of educators to aid students who are being targeted and also to help them to find the tools about how to make it through, this dark side of growing up in today's society

The Digital Society

In world, technology is paving the way we communicate with the world around us. The number of people joining and taking part in social media keeps growing on a regular basis. We have used this technology into ever facete of our own lives, from work, to institution, to the house. Children today are growing up in this ever-changing digital world, but are we as their courses, giving them the various tools to survive in it. Matching to Government Justice Department in the United States of America each month one out of four children will be targeted for abuse by their peers, either in the playground or via Personal communication devices. What's bulling, how can we recognise it?

Types of Bulling

The definition of bulling can be quite wide-ranging, the NSW education office as the repeated physical, interpersonal, verbal, and emotional abuse defines it. It will involve the constant maltreatment of ability by an organization or a person by a number of people. Physical Bulling includes reaching, kicking, tripping, pinching, pushing, anything that impacts the victim's body, this does include sexual abuse or the destruction of a person's property. Verbal Bulling is name-calling, insults, teasing, and intimidation, homophobic, sexist, and racist remarks. Other styles of bulling is covert bulling, it is harder to discover and can be carried out behind the victims again. It is intended to destroy someone's public standing or even to cause humiliation. It includes lying about the individual, dispersing rumours, negative cosmetic or physical gestures, menacing or contemptuous looks, playing unpleasant jokes to embarrass and humiliate, mimicking, encouraging other to socially other to socially exclude someone. Cyber Bulling is a perfect example of covert bullying techniques. This sort of bulling calls for it to a completely new degree of cruelty by using digital systems. By using cell phones to harass their victim, establishing defamatory websites or facebook internet pages, spreading rumours via social mass media sites such as facebook, myspace, instagram, snapchat. Prior generations of young adults who've been the victims of bulling could actually seek refuge from the daily torture at home, now thank to mobile phones and social press the bullies have damaged this refuge and access their sufferer anytime they want. Bulling can be a public event or private, and in some cases only known to the parties engaged. So if it is merely known to the folks involved, just how do educators battle it?

Glamorization

Bullying in academic institutions is an often-glamorized in Hollywood videos depicted in high school teen comedies, for example Mean Young girls, a movie about social approval, isolation and increasing a self worthy of from the pain of others. What they do not show will be the effects of bullying on the intended victim. Bulling is not a shared disagreement or an isolated occurrence of sociable rejection or nastiness. It isn't a random action of aggression or intimidation. The oxford dictionary description of harassment is the 'unwanted or warranted do on the grounds of race, gender, erotic orientation, which has the reason or aftereffect of either violating the claimant's dignity, of fabricating an intimidating, hostile, degrading, humiliating or offensive environment. " This is when it can get dilemma as all bulling is harassment, however, not all harassment is bulling. So how do adolescents inform the difference?

Target Purchased

The bullies target students who are not part of an established public group at university, such as new students or those who have problems with health or learning disabilities as well as students who've trouble fitting in socially, as well as jealously. For bulling to occur there needs to be a power difference between your two parties; unfair fights where in fact the person who bullies has an advantage or electricity over the person who is being victimized. Bullying is not the same as a disagreement, it is approximately the mistreatment of power. The effects of bulling can be short-term and long term effects for the victims. Although severe permanent results can be prevented by someone intervening at the earliest opportunity. The intervening party doesn't have to be a parent, teacher or adult ready of authority, it is more effective in eradication of bulling, if one of the victims classmates steps in to stop it. Why have we as a modern culture, think that this behaviour was harmless?

Long and Short Term Effects

The ramifications of bulling could be very wide, they can range from falling marks, depression, anxiety; an increased sense of loneliness, sadness, isolation, there may be changes in sleeping and eating patterns. Activities that the sufferer once enjoyed, suddenly they don't what to be involved. Unfortunately, these issues do not rectify themselves and can continue in to the adolescents, life after college. The long-term effects range from a higher threat of depression and issues with a minimal self-esteem later in life, there is links that teenagers that bullied in their teens will end up having drugs, alcohol and promiscuity. In a few extreme cases, bullied young adults have attempted and succeeded in ending their lives, to get rid of their fighting. As this matter is growing, institutions have been trying to implement a No tolerance insurance policy on all types of bulling. College needs to be a safe place for any students, as a safe place gives students the ability and the self confidence to learn. Bulling and cyber bulling can turn the class room environment from a place of knowledge to a full time income nightmare, which students wrap up dreading. Bulling is the reason for up to 15% of most school absenteeism. It does not only have an effect on a victim's attendance, but it can also affect their ability to target and take part in the classroom. There is also a big probability of the victim dropping away of university, so they do not need to confront their bully any longer. The victim's potential to target is continually jeopardized; they worry in what the bully will do next, where in fact the bully will be through the lunch time break.

The Digital World

The internet and communal media use have grown in the past ten years. Adolescents have access to the internet and personal communication devices in their bedrooms away from parental guidance. In past years, the only path adolescents was required to communicate with the exterior world from their home was calling in a communal area and a desktop computer again in a communal area. Parents could actually monitor exactly what was being said or sent to their teenager. Social networking websites have become increasingly popular among young adults, as a location where they can meet friends and new people, connect and exchange information. The type of relationships for teenagers have progressed to a level that hasn't been experienced upon this scale. Social websites is the primary contributor of the change. Adolescents possess the facilities to talk to people, young and old from all over the world. For the first time in our record, geographical obstacles are no longer a issue for communication. No longer holding out on the postman for characters, worried about different time areas to make a phone call, children have instantaneous results by using social media. There has been a positive final result due to Social networking; young adults who are lively on social advertising sites are definitely more social and well - fine-tuned than their not connected peers. This technology are tools for today's children, it develops sociable bonds, their identities, and an potential to communicate with others including instructors, classmates, absent parents. "Teens who spend their time on interpersonal networking sites are in fact the healthiest psychologically corresponding to new accumulating data from a written report from Psychological Knowledge. (N. Murashev, May 2011) Even so, the destruction these devices are used for, negates any positive features.

Social Networking

Social networking has created new ways to communicate, show information and meet new people. Even with all the positive options associated with social networking. As with everything, there are risks that are from the use or misuse of this technology. It stay safe online teenagers need to know the risks and exactly how to safeguard themselves online, from bullies and predators. Folks are able to be private, anominity provides people a sense of freedom, they can be whoever they would like to be, freedom to state and do without the consequences. Bullies have the ability to use the non-public information placed online to get an insight in how to torture them. Cyber Bulling is a methodical, planned method of assault and torture, have an impact on teenagers. As mentioned earlier, it has the potential to lead to stress and anxiety, depression, self harm, and even suicide. The Cyber Bullies use social media, texts and email to harass their sufferer. The bullies practices are to send mean announcements, start disparaging rumours, placing hurtful comments and unflattering pictures, altering images to depict the victim, these can be through interpersonal media sites, e-mails and text messages, these can be done by direct contact or general population commentary or private messages to others about the sufferer. Matching to Cyber bulling reports: Over half adolescents and teens have been put through online bullying, the same amounts of adolescents have engaged in cyber bulling. Over fifty percent of teenagers do not notify their parents or teacher they have experienced cyber bulling. The best way to stop cyber bulling is to teach adolescents about the consequences of cyber bulling and what they have to do to stop it occurring if they are ever bullied. Bullies like to take action covertly, it is where they gain their ability, by opening up communication stations, and bullies can't hide in the shadows of the online world or the playgrounds. Alas, most adolescents do not feel comfortable speaking with parents and educators about their experience to be bullied. However, why does it stop, victims of bullying revealing to their true friends. Why are their friends keeping yourself silent as well? We drill into small children when in early primary school, not to tattle tale. Have we made a rod for our very own backs, by teaching this? We should be drilling into them, which if someone is harming you or your friends tell your tutor, tell the entire world. If you bring light onto the topic, bullies can't conceal in the shadows or behind a screen.

Consequences or lack of

Bulling is going to be a continuing issue within the education system. Regulations cannot keep up with this every changing cyber world. Though it is beginning to capture up to the technology, there are now serious repercussions if caught cyber bullying. Depending on what was done during the bulling, repercussions can range from punishments at the school level to legal charges. It's the repetitive mother nature of bulling that is the cause of the stress and anxiety to the victims, the expectation of bulling becomes as difficult as the genuine bulling. The consequences of bulling were once name dialling and possible press and shove in the playground. In recent years, the consequences of schoolyard bulling took a far more serious turn; increasingly more frequently, bullied students are embracing violence. Bullies children feeling that there surely is no other option, retaliate in a fatal manner, attacking their persecutors and every other students and teachers. These tragedies have brought on more consciousness and dread among, parents, other Children, teachers, as well as the authorities Force about the consequences of bulling. The response of the training system and police is not fast or strong enough for the groups of bullying victims who got felt they had no other choice, than to end their lives to end the torture.

Conclusion

There is not a quick fix, to the epidemic, if. Teachers and parents can only protect the victims, if they speak up. There is absolutely no way to eliminate bullying from our contemporary society; it is engrained within Australian society. However, as teachers we can try to bring it right out of the shadows. Name and pity bullies, have it part with their permanent record, most bullies will continue the behavior into adulthood, particularly if they received away with in as an adolescent. Bulling is no more included to the schoolyard, bus, or coach, it gets into our homes, and it destroys lives, families, futures, and neighborhoods. Victims feel isolated, unsupported; it is one the key reason why dropout rates are high. Bulling is causing a technology of young people to obtain low self-esteem, unhappiness issues not only as the abuse is occurring but to their adult life. Young adults who are bullied are more likely to develop future academic problems and subconscious difficulties. College should offer organizations for those being bullied on and those doing the bullying. There must be harsher penalties, as these children know what they are really doing and know that their choice to bully with hurt someone. No-one should have to feel like the only path to cope with a situation is to damage themselves of others. Bulling does them more harm than good. They need to know that there are different ways to handle a predicament like discussing it with friends, people, and teachers. We should intensify and help others learn how to deal with this problem. There is no reason to let anyone good friend or stranger get selected on. We need to offer an inclusive environment for adolescents to stand up and prevent bullying in their micro chasm of the community. It'll distributed to the wider community. Let's start a light.

References

Attorney Standard Martha Coakley, http://. mas. gov Eagle Triune, (16 January, 2011) http:// www. eagletribune. com

Ralph, L, Berglas, N, Schwarts, S. . , and Brinidis, C. . . (2011) Finding Young adults in TheirSpace: SOCIAL MEDIA Sites for connecting young ones to Sexuality Research and Friendly Insurance plan, 8(1). 38-49 From Research library

Molly O'Toole (2011 September 2) Social Media use associated with smoking, alcoholic beverages. Times Colonist, p. 6. Retrieved from Canadian Newsstand.

Natasha Murashev, Social Times, (May 2010) http://www. socialtimes. com

Science Daily (February 10, 2010) http://www. sciencedaily. com

Bullying Statistics, http://www. bullingstatics. org

Family Basic safety, http://www. microsoft. com http://ncab. org. au/fourkindsofbullying/ 24/8/12

http://www. stopbullying. gov/at-risk/effects/index. html#suicide

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24/8/12 http://www. cyberbullying. info/ http://au. reachout. com/Factsheets/C/Cyberbullying

http://www. cybersmart. gov. au/Kids/Tips to stay safe and cybersmart/Cyberbullying. aspx

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