Impact of Yoga on Psychophysiological Changes

Research task proposal

Cognitive Progression by Psychophysiological Methods in Practice of Yoga and Meditation: Computational Approach

Introduction:

This study advises about Psychophysiological changes generated in body due to the aftereffect of yoga and meditation. Yoga is a commonly known general term for physical, mental, and spiritual disciplines which started in traditional India. Meditation is a practice in which a person trains your brain and/or induces a method of consciousness to realize some benefit, though it can be argued meditation is a goal in and of itself.

Cognitive progression may be defined as the amplification or extension of center capacities of your brain through improvement or augmentation of internal or external information processing systems. As cognitive neuroscience has advanced the range of potential interior Advancement treatments have increased, as well as the availability and electricity of external hardware/software support.

There are various physiological (Biomedical) signals like EEG, ECG; GSR etc. are being used in a variety of studies for cognitive development.

Meditation:

By simple definition, meditation is engagement in contemplation, especially of the spiritual or devotional nature. To elaborate further, meditation is an attempt to concentrate mind about the same form or a concept or an aspect of divinity at the exclusion of all other forms, thoughts, and ideas. The mind is focused inwards, which effort of concentration works as a stimulus to get access to knowledge of subject of meditation. The aspirant makes an effort to reduce perceptions through senses - inputs through special senses like touch, perception, hearing, etc. by detaching mind from sense organs in the brain. This can help in handling restlessness of brain, and only internal contemplation.

Meditation enhances skills important in academic education, e. g. attentiveness, cognitive overall flexibility, attention, as well as skills important for life, e. g. mental and social intellect, empathy, self-awareness. Meditation also demonstrated significant reduction in stress and increase in compassion. (Shapiro, Dark brown, Biegel, 2007). Meditation shows huge effect in healthcare (Ong, Shapiro, & Manber, 2008; Shapiro, Dark brown, & Biegel, 2007; Shapiro, et al. , 2005; Shapiro, et al. , 2003; Shapiro, et al. , 2001).

Brain Waves and Electroencephalogram Techniques:

The brain is the most intricate part of the human body. This three pound organ is the seat of intellect, interpreter of the senses, initiator of body activity, and controller of tendencies.

EEG is thought as electroencephalogram & most useful strategy to research different cognitive parametric variants in conditions of EEG variables. It is a medical imaging practice that monitors the experience of the brain from the electrodes positioned on the head. Overall, EEG is characterized as a neurological assessment that uses an electronic monitoring device to assess and keep an eye on the electronic activities in the mind. Because of technology, EEG can be registered from different areas and channels of brain cortex. Four specific areas of the cortex, called lobes, are responsible for different tasks-

  • The frontal lobe is responsible for initiating and coordinating electric motor actions and higher cognitive skills, such as problem dealing with and considering.
  • The parietal lobe operations sensory information from the complete body-for example, information about pain, touch, and pressure.
  • The occipital lobe procedures visual information getting into the mind.
  • The temporal lobe is in charge of making sense of the auditory information from the surroundings.

The EEG impulses are characterized in several rings for easy research and manipulation of statistical and computational approaches-

Alpha Rhythms: When people are awake, key sensory or engine cortical areas often display 8-13 Hz EEG activity when they are engaged in control sensory suggestions or producing electric motor output.

Beta Rhythms: Beta rhythms are associated with Alpha rhythms. Beta rhythms are between 18-26 Hz and some Beta rhythms are harmonics of Alpha rhythms.

Delta and Theta Rhythms: Delta rhythm occupies a bandwidth of 0. 5 - 4 Hz and Theta rhythms take up a bandwidth of 4-8 Hz. These rhythms basically reveal the EEG activity in sleeping infants and individuals respectively.

Gamma Rhythms: Normally Gamma rhythms are occupies 30 Hz+ values and extensively used to evaluate consciousness.

Hypothesis:

The important changes related to EEG indication over meditation are-

  • Increased amplitude of alpha activity
  • Slower occurrence of alpha rhythm
  • Rhythmical theta waves
  • Increased synchronization (hypersynchronization)
  • Dissociation of understanding from the external sense organs
  • Transcendent signal
  • Occasional fast influx activity

Objectives:

  1. To develop an EEG computational theory on meditation using recent and historic technologies (Wired and Cordless Device).
  2. To propagate the original knowledge of meditation and yoga on the list of society.
  3. To provide other effects of mediation on health of human beings also to develop healthcare system dedicated to meditational results.
  4. To propagate understanding among analysts and society to be able to generate and improve job in the field of meditation and yoga.

Methodology:

SN

Task

Time allotment

Remark

1

Background Survey Phase

2

Data Acquisition Phase

3

Data Examination Phase

4

Result Validation

5

Evaluation of Project

There are two methods can be utilized to perform the tasks

  1. Direct aftereffect of meditation: In cases like this a definite length of EEG data is documented in various situations as per research protocol (such as before, during and after meditation) and examined to compare.
  2. Meditation as an intervention to assess other cognitive parameters: In this case a definite amount of EEG is documented during neurophysiologic cognitive checks (for example to check the working storage, learning capacity, stress, mental workload etc. ) before and after meditation, through this method we're able to check out the cognitive changes in terms of technical parameters (root mean rectangular value, electric power spectral density, regularity weighted energy, energy of signal etc. ) of EEG waves.

The phase sensible illustration is-

  • Background Review Phase: In review phase we will cover some aspects of mediation and studies on learners and expert mediators. Also we covers the computational methods to apply performance and precision.
  • Data Acquisition Phase: In the meantime with the help of the available team, the EEG data will be purchased from meditators as per decided by the research protocol through a wireless and comfortable EEG device to boost the validity.
  • Data Analysis Phase: In this phase the received data is subjected to research on different EEG parameters such as energy, root mean rectangular value, vitality etc. Also we will develop some dedicated computational ideas by using analysts using different softwares C/C++, MATLAB, Octave etc.
  • Result Validation Phase: This will be a serious exercise to validate the effect of mediation on brain waves and health.
  • Evaluation of Task: That is a most important part as it'll be based on the many inputs, feedbacks from the meditators and technological outputs. This may includes the genuine evaluation of the overall practice, removal of some problems as based on queries and finally handing to the funding company.

Deliverables:

  • Dedicated system and methods development.
  • Dedicated computational theory for meditation.
  • Social understanding towards meditation.

Future range:

The developed computational theory can be surely utilized to create a dedicated system development for meditation and yoga.

Benefits for the Society:

The goal of the task is to develop new medical validation about the benefits of yoga and meditation by studying the various cognitive guidelines. The developed results will be utilized to propagate the said advantages of yoga and meditations in the culture for awareness and strengthening the people for executing yoga.

The result of the job may be employed by the doctors who are treating their patients for mental disorders, emotional disorders, neural disorders etc. The developed results may be further utilized for optimizing the performance of the employees of general population, corporate and federal sector by dealing with the task stress and workload situations.

Implementation and trials:

The thorough phase-wise implementation of the job has been given in the technique section. The testing will be completed on our all stakeholders including students, faculty and other associates of the business with prior permission.

Budget:

A detailed introduction:

SN

Name of Resource

Description

Cost

Total Cost

1

Software Cost

MATLAB Licensed

MS Office Licensed

Cognitive Test Electric battery Licensed

2

Hardware

Wireless EEG Headset (Emotive or B-Alert X-10)

3 Notebooks, 1 Desktop

Printer/Copier

3

Human resource

4

Institutional Overhead

10% of total budget

5

Contingency

Total 20 %

6

Travel expenses

7

Consumable

8

Data collection Charges

9

Consultation fees

Total expenses

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