Intentions, Proportions (own) - Psychoanalysis. T...


More important than searching for the past or the history of the body, what the individual intends to do in the future. Hopes, desires, ambitions, ambitions, plans of a person are all represented under the general title "intention", and this is the most characteristic difference between Olport and the majority of personality theorists. One of the controversial statements of this theory is this: what an individual tries to do (while it is believed that a person can tell about it) is the most important key to understanding how a person behaves in the present. While other theorists refer to the past as to that key that will allow to solve the mystery of behavior in the present, Allport refers to what the person intends to do in the future. In this respect, a strong resemblance to the positions of A. Adler and K. Jung is evident.

Proportions (own)

Although Allport is called an ego-psychologist and even a psychologist of the self, this characteristic is only partially true. He hardly approached the phenomenon of the self, which he formulated in the fundamental question: "Is the concept self?" His answer is restrained. In an effort to avoid confusion and connotation of these terms, he proposes to call all the described functions of the ego and self-identity functions. All of them (including bodily feeling, self-identity, self-esteem, self-extension, sense of self, rational thinking, image of oneself, one's aspirations, cognitive style, cognitive function) are real and vital personality traits. They have a common phenomenal warmth and sense of significance & quot ;. And together they embrace own (proprium). It is in this region of the personality that we find the roots of that coherence, marked by attitudes, intentions and assessments. Own is not innate, but develops in time.

Allport distinguishes seven aspects in the development of a proprium, or a sense of self.

In the first three years, there are three aspects: a sense of body, a sense of continuous self-identity and self-esteem, or pride. At the age of four to six years there are two more aspects - self-expression and the image of oneself. Between six and twelve years, self-consciousness develops - so much that it can cope with problems based on rational behavior. In adolescence, there are intentions, long-term plans and distant goals. They are called their own aspirations. These seven aspects of the self form a proprium.

When approaching the riddle of the self, Allport hopes to avoid the controversial position of many theorists for whom the self or the ego is like a homunculus, the person in the chest who organizes the self, pulls the strings and controls the self-system.

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