Job Satisfaction and its own Determinants: a Organized Review

Job satisfaction and its own determinants: a organized review

  • Nafisa Talukder

1. Introduction

Job satisfaction is circumstances of brain which comes from the appraisal and motivations from the task place. Many things determine whether a worker is content with his/her job or not. Work-loads, work schedule, job security, job position plus much more things are in charge to make the employees be satisfied because of their job.

Researches have demonstrated that inner locus of control and just how a person perceives actually determines job satisfaction. And at exactly the same time other researchers demonstrated that organizational citizenship behaviour results job satisfaction also.

The importance of job satisfaction is very high in employers' life. One research stated that dissatisfied personnel suffer from higher amount of stress and strain when compared with the satisfied workers (Khaleque, 1993).

There are so many determinants which enhances job satisfaction. Improving work place and reducing job stress can actually improve creation which helps the sectors to earn more which actually improves job satisfaction among employees and managers.

Organizational citizenship behavior also helps to improve job satisfaction within employees. This satisfaction actually exaggerates organizational commitment. The working place and the intimacy of the employee sometimes change the notion towards job factors. The ownership of the business or workplace also influences it.

In summation, studies on job satisfaction have showed lots of determinants that effect a worker's satisfaction towards his/her job. These determinants may have some changes among themselves based on the situation.

The objective of this review is to determine the determinants or pre-dominant factors of job satisfaction. By this review the organizational minds can determine the top priority of the factors that can affect job satisfaction mong employees.

This review tries to understand the influences of determinants on job satisfaction and their work skill. More specifically, this review attended to the next questions
  • What are the determinants that impact job satisfaction?
  • How these satisfaction results work outcome?
  • What will be the differences happen for different rate of job satisfaction?

1. 1. The review

Table 1. Information of the studies

study

N

Design

variables

Statistical tests

results

IVs

DVs

Job satisfaction of the general public and private college teachers

130

Cross-sectional

survey

The ownership of the schools

Job satisfaction of the teachers

Mean, standard deviation analysis

Job satisfaction is higher within open public school professors than provate college teachers

Influence of kind of bank and love-making on self-esteem life satisfaction and job satisfaction

160

Cross-sectional survey

Type of standard bank and sex

Self-esteem, life satisfaction and job satisfaction

Two way ANOVA

Self esteem and life satisfaction is higher within the private companies but sex-linked difference in job satisfaction

Exploring predictors of job satisfaction among commercial managers of different levels

300

survey

Different levels of managerial personnel

Job satisfaction

Multiple regression method

Job stress and anxiety, organizational role stress and job involevement predicts job satisfaction within different degrees of industrial managers

The implication of organizational citizenship behavior on job satisfaction and organizational commitment

475

Questionnaire survey

Organizational c itizenship behavior

Job satisfaction and organizational commitment

Quantitative method

Organizational citizenship behaviour determines job satisfaction and organizational commitment

Locus of control and its own relation to job satisfaction and job performance of the germant staff in Dhaka city

150

Questionnaire survey

Locus of control within the workers

Job satisfaction and job performance

Mean, standard error Pearson's product-moment relationship and ANOVA

Internal locus of control helps to produce better job performance and higher job satisfaction

2. Methods and Search Strategy

A organized review with narrative synthesis was applied to discover the determinants for job satisfaction. In order to determine the appropriate books for the current systematic review, three abstracts from Section of Psychology in University or college of Dhaka were been evaluated. Several studies were primarily found, but based on the objective of the review all weren't suitable. Abstracts of these literatures were evaluated and five articles from 4 publications were thoroughly analyzed.

2. 1. Eligibility criteria

  • The article needs to be original rather than a review.
  • The article needs to be beneficial to determine the determinants of job satisfaction
  • The article must be published in virtually any journal of Bangladesh.
  • The framework of this article should be from within the united states.

3. Results

3. 1. Information about the studies

For this review 4 original essays were selected based on the specific inclusion standards. These articles were compiled by Bangladeshi authors. The sample of the studies includes employees from public and private managed industries, banking companies, garment factories and universities. A narrative synthesis way has been used in summary the observations.

3. 2. Job satisfaction within general public and private work places

It was discovered that employees from general population industries were more satisfied with their careers then employees from private areas. The real reason for this result would be that the employees feel more secured about their careers in the public sectors than the private areas.

3. 3. Job satisfaction and making love difference

Different studies have significant results face to face satisfaction within men and feminine employers. While working in a institution or educational institute the speed of job satisfaction is higher within feminine employees rather than the male employees. But in Banks the ratio gets changed. The real reason for this finding is the lower expectation of feminine employees within Bangladesh's socio-economic system and the several work fill within these two work places.

3. 4. Job satisfaction within different levels

In different levels of employees the determinants for job satisfaction will vary. While in top and middle level job satisfaction is determined by job stress, organizational role stress and job engagement. But in the low level job satisfaction can be determined by organizational role stress and job anxiety.

3. 5. Locus of control and job satisfaction

Job satisfaction and job performance are significantly correlated to interior locus of control. Distinctions of sex and marital position affects locus of control. Internal locus of control will produce an improved job performance and a high level job satisfaction than externals.

3. 6. Test characteristics and their selection

All these studies determined people who work for his or her living. No housewife or unemployed individuals were considered as test unit here. Most of the sample product has been picked from Bangladesh and the creators were Bangladeshi too. So, these kind of sampling is suffering from adequate generalization. Many of these samples derive from natural setting. So, there wasn't any handled group. This assures a natural finding as well.

4. Conclusion

All these articles on job satisfaction actually show that we now have so many determinants that manipulate job satisfaction. Job performance is the primary output of job satisfaction. There were so many contradict results too. For example, in colleges we can easily see that while working in a open public institute teachers get more satisfaction towards their job than private academic institutions but in banking companies private ownership is more valued then open public sector. These variations exist due to top priority within the questioners and the distinctions of thoughts and aims within these two work places.

Another difference between your results appear where dissimilarities of love-making were been reviewed. Female employees have lower expectation than males but changing of marital status and workplace manipulates the pace of job satisfaction.

The affect of external or internal locus of control or self esteem is very difficult to ascertain. So, the exact influence of the internal factors couldn't be motivated at exact amount. Exaggerating study sample can in fact help in this regard

Further in-depth studies are needed to explore the determinants of job satisfaction. The importance of job satisfaction has been proven to improve the job performance. So, to determine the determinants of job satisfaction some new tools should be released. And using a standard range can also help the researchers to correlate the impacts of the parameters.

A pre-determined size or a organized scale might have been used to look for the pre-dominant factors for job satisfaction. If it were been used then the review might have been made according to that scale.

In summary, there isn't enough methodological support to look for the exact determinant of job satisfaction. However the mentioned factors can influence job performance deeply. So, these studies are really helpful for the near future job shows.

References

Ellias, M. S. and Sorcar, N. R. (2005). Job satisfaction of the general public and private university teachers. Dhaka college or university journal psychology, 29, 69-76

Karim, S. F. and Kabir, S. S. (2005). Influence of type of bank and love-making on self-esteem life satisfaction and job satisfaction. Dhaka college or university journal psychology, 29, 41-52

Wadud, N. (1997). Discovering predictors of job satisfaction among professional managers of different levels. Bangladesh internal studies, 7, 45-54

Mustaffa, C. S. B. and Rahman, W. R. A. (2006) The implication of organizational citizenship behavior on job satisfaction and organizational commitment. Bangladesh psychologist studies, 16, 47-66

Nirobe, M. N. N. and Hossain, A. (2008) locus of control and its own relation to job satisfaction and job performance of the garment personnel in Dhaka city. The Dhaka college or university journal of mindset, 32, 35-45

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