To answer the questions I am going to explore and discuss Kohuts Personal Psychology Integrative model and Clarksons 5 Romance Integrative model. I am going to then discuss these methods in relation to my personal progress and the counselling process.
The Self psychology integrative model was made by Heinz Kohut (M. Kahn 1990). Kohut assumed that for a person to fully develop three main needs, have to be attained. The first need is the necessity to be mirrored; this is actually the need for the kid to be shown by the parents that the kid is of great importance to them. The second need is the need to be idealized, It is important that the child can feel that one parent is powerful, peaceful and confident. The 3rd need is the need to be liked by others. Children need to find out that they promote some characteristics with the parents this can make a child feel just like they belong. The first need of the developing self is the need to be "mirrored" what Kohut called the grandiose - exhibitionist. The next need of the growing home what Kohut called the idealised parental imago? The 3rd need of the developing self is what Kohut called the twin dispatch or the alter ego. Kohut thinks that if the child is not able to be mirrored, idealized or well-liked by child others. The child then provides the opportunity to build buildings that are missing from the child's three main needs for itself from its own point of view. I am now going to move to Clarkson.
The Clarkson 5 romantic relationship integrative model created by Petruska Clarkson (Clarkson 1990) looks at the areas of the partnership. She believes that there are 5 therapeutic associations that are of constructive use. The first is the working alliance; the second is the transferential/counter-transferential relationship. The third is the reparative /developmentally needed romance. The fourth is the transpersonal marriage. The fifth is the person to person marriage. (Clarkson 1995) She also states that there has to be a relationship and it looks at all interactions from childhood for this day, the healing relationship being the main of most.
The factors of the therapeutic romance are that there's been an arrangement made between the client and therapist that the period will be payed for at the start or by the end of the treatment. The next factor is that one of folks in the relationship has been trained to be a part of it; the 3rd factor is the therapist should be committed to helping your client change. Now I will discuss and explore these approaches.
Name: Cornell ruler Time frame: 03-12-12
Assignment: Theory task - Year 1 - Integrative
Explore and discuss Kohut's Self applied Psychology Integrative model and Clarkson's 5 Relationship model. Discuss these approaches in relation to your own personal growth and the counselling process.
The start of Kohut's motion away from the original way of psychoanalytic organized process of treatment. He was able to pin point it to a lady patient that cursed him in all their sessions. He thought he was working with oedipal transference (A. Milne 2010) (The word Oedipus complex is derived from the mythical Greek figure of Oedipus, the Oedipus organic is the need to be with one father or mother of the contrary sex and remove the other father or mother of the same love-making) But he realised he was wrong and stopped this process and evolved to listening to his patient rather than arguing with them.
He then realised that was not amount of resistance it was his patient's way of aiming to let him see what her youth was like growing up for her. Kohut turned from the original hard position of psychoanalytic practice and earned the heat and empathy of the humanistic way. Kohut's was seen as a psychoanalyst that really increased the thinking about individuals development, psychopathology and theory. Kohut well known the power of the explanatory traditional formulations and to build on the standard theory of psychology by adding to it.
Through his research of the psychoanalytic theory of development Kohut possessed found varieties of transference that was not recognised by other people yet. Gill and Kohut presumed in the significance of the relationship between the therapist and the client. He has given therapist a new understanding and something of quality in the worthiness of empathy conveyed to your client. There were two questions that Kohut would ask his students, his acquaintances and his clients. The first was "My upset patient didn't get something from her parents what was it?", and the second was "what could be done about any of it?" The answers that he received changed his view and he started to integrate a far more humanistic view in to his development, (Wikipedia, Heinz Kohut) Kohut broadened on his theory through the 1970's. Kohut tried to join psychoanalysis and humanism as you. I'll now move to Clarkson.
I will discuss and explore Clarkson's 5 relationship models of your client and therapist romantic relationship of the integrative psychotherapeutic framework. The first model is the working alliance this is when your client and the therapist work together for the good thing about your client this alliance must be strong for this to work; both celebrations need to know their assignments in the relationship. The next model is the transferential/counter-top transferential relationship this is something like a parent, child impulse that the therapist must use the therapist may need to take the role of the mother or father in the partnership. The third model is the reparative developmentally needed romance; this romance can heal past traumas.
The fourth model is the individual to person romance; that's where the therapist bonds with your client through showing respect and being add up to their consumer in the partnership their real self applied. The fifth model is the transpersonal marriage is the spiritual model of the partnership. I am now going to discuss the two approaches in relation to my development.
In relation to my own development I feel that Kohut's strategy and the need for mirroring were not met adequately. I understand that one of my parents was idealised by me. The need to be liked was achieved by my parents. The matter that I have realised from Kohut's procedure is that because the necessity for mirroring was not met sufficiently by my parents the individual I seek out to fulfil this need is my older sister. Even though Freud thought that was a bad thing. Kohut thought that maturation was a lifelong process and this was a good thing. That means a person will be maturing in to the fully developed personal. With regards to Clarkson's theory of the working alliance building trust, shared respect, being empathic and congruent between me and relatives and friends in my own personal life is always an ongoing process.
With most methods to counselling it is vital a good working alliance is built between client and therapist. This is necessary to both Kohut's do it yourself psychology and Clarkson's 5 relationship model. Another important factor that both methods, share or have in common would be that the therapist must be warm, empathic, common respect for customer, equal in the partnership, be human and traditional or their real personal. There is another thing they both have in common is very stringent time limitations, the sessions are fifty minutes from start to end, and both Kohut's self psychology and Clarkson's 5 romantic relationship model are speaking therapies. Therapy can take a few sessions or a long time for a customer to fully retrieve. Both these strategies use empathy as a means of conveying understanding and their knowing of the client's thoughts and thoughts.
There are significant variations in the healing styles of both of these approaches. The first methodology I will discuss is the Kohut's self psychology his strategy was from a psychoanalyst's stance that the client will not know themselves and the therapist will. But improved to assimilate the view of humanist Carl Rogers and believed that clients know so much more than the therapists what they have to improve their situations. The next approach I will discuss is Clarkson's 5 romantic relationship model. This process is the therapist is their real self, has value for your client, is add up to the client, the therapist must be committed to helping your client differ from negative means of thinking. But the therapist can take on an specialist figure if the client enters directly into a reparative romance using their therapist.
Kohut self mindset feels that by getting together with the needs which have not been attained by the customers parents in child years. Being empathic, understanding and explanatory to his client's, and being truly a human. Kohut also targets deficits from negligent parenting from his client's childhoods and their effect on the client's present behaviour and moods. (M. Kahn 1990) Kohut was a marriage therapist and thought that description experienced a value; he thought that consumer and therapist became more like fellow worker or a member of staff building in the explanatory system. He thought that the relationship he had along with his client had increased complexity and maturity when compared to a relationships based on empathy alone.
This approach emphasises on the three main needs discussed in the first paragraph of this article. (M. Kahn 1990) Kohut also trained that insufficient empathic acceptances from a child's parents drive large parts of the personality deep underground.
Clarkson's 5 romance modal from an integrative point of view. Out of this view just how which i am now heading to try and integrated these models into the therapeutic relationship the foremost is exploring.
This area of the session is the working alliance where the therapist must concentrate on your client and cooperate to (Eddy Kloprogge 2008) build a basic agreement which people consent to work together this is a good base for the healing relationship to start. The therapists must listen to your client reflect emotions to your client to see if he gets the right meaning at this time the therapist would uncover what your client needs or wants and what your client would like to get from counselling. The therapist must be present at in the treatment to show your client that he's focussed on your client. An important part of this is the individual to person romance that uses the central conditions. They are empathy, congruence and unconditional positive respect.
The middle knowledge of the program is the transferential and the counter transferential relationship. This relationship may be the same as godparent or step parent or guardian and be lacking of real parents. This way of discovering with your client supporting them motivating and accepting them for who they are. Transference is seen as a grown-up returning to child like habits and events. It could appear in the partnership by the client taking previous behaviours into the present time and directing them at the therapist rather than the mother or father that it was fond of before. The therapist may not be able to isolate his thoughts for his parent or guardian and his client's father or mother Counter-top transference this relationship could be seen as parent and child. The therapist has a distorted view of your client and the therapist becomes the kid and your client the parent or guardian. This cover immediacy this is actually the feelings of the client which come up for them in the procedure. Your client and therapist romance can heal prior trauma this is actually the reparative relationship and this is done by adding the core conditions at the correct time during the session.
The end action of the program is the individual to person marriage and the transpersonal romantic relationship. The therapist in this area of the session is looking at the client's evaluation of the time. Your client should be setting goals that are reasonable and attainable. This is actually the transpersonal relationship also the religious dimension this is when things happen in the restorative relationship that there are no explanations for could be called "aha" occasions. I believe it's important not to understand this too much if it damages the other connections.
Kohut's self psychology in relation to the restorative process in counselling. The first part is transference when your client takes thoughts from days gone by in to the present, meaning in to the session that is going on with the therapist. This is when Kohut takes on the role of the mother or father, but rather than reacting to the client as their parent would, Kohut would respond to them using empathy as a tool. To create his clients feel recognized and admit their encounters and then dependence on mirroring is accepted and realized. This also help the client get more of a feeling of do it yourself.
This is the next part of the process is transmuting internalization in this part your client is going to learn to build buildings for themselves. Part by piece your client will establish transmuting internalizations and the constructions created by the client are important to the creating a well included and strong do it yourself, the clients have to be mirrored won't trouble them any longer because the necessity has been attained in the therapeutic process.
The third area of the process is the alter ego in this part of the process the therapist makes his clients realised that they are exactly like ordinary people through empathically interpreting the client's view of the self. The therapist must meet up with the need well enough for your client to develop a sense of belonging and feel part of society on a complete. The last part of the process is the personal in this if all the needs are met the client will grow and have a wholesome view of personal not distorted by other external evaluation.
I will summarise I have mentioned and explored the guidelines of Kohut's self mindset and Clarkson's 5 relationship model. I think that integrative models could work in practice as Kohut shows by taking elements like empathy from the humanistic way and exercising it within the psychodynamic reparative model in the psychodynamic treat it into the reparative relationship methodology and Clarkson's platform of the 5 relationship integrative model shows that this theory could work. I think that because of this integrative model to be utilized the therapist would have to be competent. I have discussed the dissimilarities in these restorative approaches. I think one of the similarities that both both of these approaches concentrate on is the quality of the partnership between therapist and customer to help facilitate customer change and development.
However there are opposing ideas in Clarkson's methodology, including the person to person and the transferential and counter transferential. Working from a person to person approach the therapist can take the view that he's in an equal relationship along with his client he is not there to give advice or path to his client and by applying the main conditions in the counselling process you will see some therapeutic change However the psychodynamic approach is more to do with interpreting the clients views and interpretation. This is the way that subconscious change happens.
The therapist adopts the positioning of power in the partnership which is the full total opposite of the individual to person romantic relationship. This is actually the same for Kohut's self applied psychology because through the transference in the relationship the therapist requires a position of an parent or guardian which is the specialist figure in the partnership. Through transference the therapist employs empathy and an instrument for a reparative relationship to help cure your client. Theoretically integrative models don't work because they can not only be complicated for the therapist. It can also give the consumer opposing views of the therapist and their assignments in the counselling process. But Kohut and Clarkson show that it can work if the therapist is hypersensitive to all or any the simple changes of their clients and the counselling process.
P. Clarkson 1990, The therapeutic relationship, Whurr
P. Clarkson 1995, The restorative relationship, Whurr
M. Kahn 1990, Between therapist and customer, Holt
Sue Culley and Tim Connection 2004, Integrative counselling in action, Sage
Dr. Eddy Kloprogge 2008, http://organizationalconstellation. blogspot. co. uk/2008/11/5-relationship-model. html
Heinz Kohut, http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/Heinz_Kohut
Also We Can Offer!
- Argumentative essay
- Best college essays
- Buy custom essays online
- Buy essay online
- Cheap essay
- Cheap essay writing service
- Cheap writing service
- College essay
- College essay introduction
- College essay writing service
- Compare and contrast essay
- Custom essay
- Custom essay writing service
- Custom essays writing services
- Death penalty essay
- Do my essay
- Essay about love
- Essay about yourself
- Essay help
- Essay writing help
- Essay writing service reviews
- Essays online
- Fast food essay
- George orwell essays
- Human rights essay
- Narrative essay
- Pay to write essay
- Personal essay for college
- Personal narrative essay
- Persuasive writing
- Write my essay
- Write my essay for me cheap
- Writing a scholarship essay