Labile type, Astheno-neurotic type - Fundamentals of general psychology

Labile type

People with this type of accentuation are able to immerse themselves in a gloomy mood because of an unflattering word, an unfriendly look, a broken trinket. Pleasant words, a new suit or a book, good news can cheer up, give a cheerful tone to the conversation, but only until the next "trouble" Do not spoil everything.

The dominant character trait: the extreme variability of mood, which changes too often and is excessively abrupt from insignificant (inconspicuous for surrounding) reasons. From the state of mind at the moment almost everything depends: both appetite, and sleep, and overall well-being, and the desire to communicate, and work capacity, and the desire to learn, etc.

Attractive character traits: sociability, good nature, sensitivity and affection, sincerity and responsiveness (during periods of high spirits). A labile teenager is distinguished by deep feelings, sincere affection for those with whom he is on good terms, whom he loves and cares about. And this affection remains, despite the volatility of his mood.

Repulsive character traits: irritability, quick temper, pugnacism, weakened self-control, a tendency to conflict (during periods of depressed mood). During a simple conversation, it can break out, tears appear easily, it is ready to say something insolent, offensive.

"Weak link": adolescents can not cope with the emotional rejection of meaningful people, they suffer a lot of loss of loved ones or separation from those to whom they are attached.

Features of communication and friendship: it all depends on the mood. If he is happy and satisfied with life, then he establishes contacts with great desire; if distressed and dissatisfied with life, then contacts are drastically reduced. The mood often changes from the most insignificant replica of the one with whom he is friends. A simple remark about a teenager can cause depression, lead to a break in friendly relations. And on the contrary, the words of a friend can significantly improve the mood, cause a rush of energy, a desire to do something good for him.

He has a well-developed intuition in relation to people, it can be quite easy to identify "good" and bad man, choosing a friend. He prefers to be friends with those who are able to distract, console, cheer up, tell something interesting, in the attacks of others, to protect and cover themselves during periods of recession, and to share a storm of joy and joy in moments of emotional uplift. He is capable of loyal friendship. Very sensitive to the signs of attention, gratitude, praise and encouragement, which he really pleased.

Attitude to study and work: for such people is characterized by extreme variability. Unpredictability of behavior and reactions to replicas and requests from others. In response to a comment, one can laugh and gladly take up the correction of the above error, but tears, irritation, and unwillingness to obey legitimate demands are quite possible. Knowledge labile adolescent are superficial and unsystematic, since he can not manage himself and can not be controlled by teachers or parents. Periods of sudden change in mood are not subject to him.

While working, the labile teenager is able to switch, forget about his bad mood, but this only happens if the work is interested in him, does not bother him, carries him away. This is one of the conditions for preventing his bad mood.

Astheno-neurotic type

Since childhood, the child has a bad dream, an appetite. The child is often naughty, crying, afraid of everything. He is very sensitive to loud sounds, bright light, he is quickly tired even by a small number of people, so he wants to be alone.

Dominant character traits: increased fatigue, irritability, propensities to hypochondria.

Attractive character traits: neatness, discipline, modesty, complaisance, diligence, friendliness, ability to repent.

Repulsive traits of character: capriciousness, tearfulness, self-doubt, lethargy, forgetfulness. Such teenagers are shy, shy, with an obviously understated self-esteem, can not stand up for themselves if necessary. They are very worried about changes in external circumstances, breakdown of stereotypes, as one of the mechanisms of psychological defense is getting used to the same things, the way of life.

& "Weak link": sudden affective outbreaks due to severe fatigue and irritability.

Peculiarities of communication and friendship: the asthenic does not seek close relations because of his fearfulness and uncertainty, does not show initiative. The circle of friends is limited primarily because of sudden irritability and frequent moods.

Attitudes towards learning and work: asthenics is often hampered by low self-esteem, especially if the teacher makes high demands, because he knows that this child can learn better. But constant doubts, feelings of anxiety and fear of a possible mistake prevent him from working normally at the lesson, for example, to answer at the blackboard even when the material is well known. Especially it is frightened by sudden calls to the board, because a teenager can not immediately gather his thoughts. He is lost, blushes, can not respond and then long and painfully experiences his "shame".

His work also quickly tires and does not bring a feeling of joy or relief. Heavy and hard work causes irritation, a teenager can cry from a feeling of impotence. Therefore, he needs periodic rest or alternation of different activities. But in any case, it should not be a very intense exercise.

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