Language, Paralanguage and Non-Verbal Communication

The Need for Words, Paralanguage and Non-Verbal Communication in Various kinds of Communication - A Practical Study

  • Toby Williamson

Access to Psychology

Abstract

This research examines the role of non-verbal communication, terminology and paralanguage in conveying information. To the end, the analysis examines how people use these three kinds of communication in the framework of writing ideas, expressing enjoyment and contentment as well as persuasion. The analysis consists of a field work that researched dialogues between 10 pairs of people.

The studies identify that people generally start using a mixture of the three forms of communication, namely non-verbal communication, vocabulary and paralanguage in discussions where they need to express their emotions. This includes sharing happiness as well as persuasion. However, in cases where persons must communicate facts and ideas in a factual form, communication can be carried out by using vocabulary only and in cases like this, non-verbal communication and paralanguage is probably not very essential in conveying meaning and ideas.

Introduction

Non-verbal communication (NVC) will involve direct communication not entirely counting on written or spoken words (Berry, 2010; Rimondini, 2012). Non-Verbal Communication (NVC) is a predicament where the manifestation of the internal emotions of men and women are presented by using bodily descriptions and trends that shows just how people feel at a give point in time (Littlejohn & Foss, 2010; Wood, 2009).

Paralanguage on the other hand involves non-verbal tone of voice qualities, speech modifiers and unbiased utterances that are produced by various parts of the body to mention various understandable information (Poyatos, 2012; Wilson, 2011). Therefore, paralanguage entails the changes of voices as a means of presenting various types of messages to other folks.

Language is the utilization of words in a given dialect to transmit information and present data and information to different people in order to mention so this means(Phifer, 2007). Dialect refers to conventional dialog and speech that is carried out to provide information from one person to some other in mutually intelligible dialect(Perkins, 2010).

These three different approaches to communication are being used by communicators to check each other to be able to provide significant communication(Zimmerman & Uecke, 2012). This is because communication will involve the presentation of varied ideas and concepts in order to mention meaning. Hence, there is certainly the need for these different methods to be put along in order to gain the best varieties of meaning.

Aim

The aim of this research is to examine how these varying elements and aspects of communication interact to achieve good and proper results in communication. To be able to attain this end, the following aims will be evaluated

1. A critical analysis of different methods to communication and how they interact;

2. An id of circumstances where one might be utilized solely without the use of other types of communication;

3. An analysis of the options and processes that might get together to explain good communication

Hypotheses

A hypothesis is a tentative statement that is made by a researcher at the beginning of the study and it is tested because of its truthfulness and falsity throughout the research(Kothari, 2009). This research hypothesizes that the best means and the best form of communication occurs when you combine the three elements of communication: NVC, paralanguage and dialect.

The substitute hypothesis is that every of the three components of communication is most beneficial used alone generally in most circumstances.

Methodology

In the study, there is the need to take a look at and review just how people use the three the different parts of communication

- Non-verbal communication

- Paralanguage

- Language

In order to get this done study, a useful fieldwork is utilized to investigate and review how people mix these three tools of communication in posting ideas and information. First of all, there is the need to identify how these three components of communication work with regards to

1. Writing Ideas

2. Expressing Pleasure/Happiness

3. Suggesting an improved view

In order to study this, a fieldwork is conducted and a assortment of data, analysis of data and drawing conclusion is conducted.

Data is collected through the performing of the dialogue amongst ten pairs of individuals. In each of the situations, the participants are asked to provide information under one of the three designs and following that the value and need for the three components of communication are identified and talked about.

Secondly, the dialogues are recorded by means of classification of the various headings and the various hints in the NVC. The facts of the paperwork for the collection of information for this study are presented in Appendix 1 below.

The findings should be classified in line with the number of times and the respondents decided a choice. These options are summed up and they're analyzed and researched to be able to lay the foundation for critical reviews and analysis.

In the evaluation the consistency of event or selection of each option is discussed and this adds up to be able to provide an overall view of whether confirmed component of communication is viewed as important or not. This is all critiqued and analyzed to be able to bring conclusions on whether the hypothesis is valid or not.

Results

The field work was conducted over the three-day period. Twenty members were involved in the process plus they were asked to truly have a dialogue with the other person in order to check the three methods to communication and information posting. Each of the respondents were monitored by the facilitator to create as s/he was interacting with another person. And in the process, they experienced all the three varieties of communication and exchange of information. Afterwards they were asked to identify whether they considered each one of the three approaches to communication as important, quite important or very important in each case.

The findings were tallied and they were come up with to justify and discuss each of the three approaches. This consists of the compilation of every of the reactions. They are shown in the treating results section below.

The desk below shows how different respondents shown their views about how communication can be conducted with the different tools and the different elements of communication. This is graded and provided on the size of very important (A), quite important (B) and not important (C).

Communication

Type

NVC

Paralanguage

Language

A

B

C

A

B

C

A

B

C

1 - Posting Ideas

2

3

15

0

1

19

20

0

0

2 - Expressing Pleasure or Happiness

3

4

13

1

4

15

16

3

1

3 - Recommending a Better View

4

7

9

3

6

11

14

3

3

Treatment of Results

The varying elements and different areas of communication are shown in this study and the way this information is provided by the various respondents in the study. These respondents mentioned the relative durability and the relative importance of the several approaches to dialect sharing and information showing which shows some extent of variation from the various classifications and the various methods of showing information and ideas.

Sharing Ideas

In posting ideas, it is determined that most people noticed non-verbal communication to be unimportant. This showed that over three quarters demonstrated you could share ideas and never have to resort to non-verbal communication. Almost all respondents mentioned that ideas could be distributed without the utilization of paralanguage and the changing of shades amongst other things. However, it was determined unanimously that the utilization of terminology is essential and important in showing ideas and there might nearly be no sharing of ideas if dialect was absent.

Expression of Delight or Happiness

Although almost all respondents mentioned that writing expressing joy can be done without the utilization of non-verbal communication, almost all of the respondents indicated that laughter is a common indication of expressing joy and terminology and how you speak in that situation is one where your happiness shows in your activities and the firmness used by audio speakers. Hence, although most individuals in the test wrote that dialect is the most important tool for expressing delight, happiness and emotions, most respondents conceded that the three elements, non-verbal communication and paralanguage and language all work together to convey thoughts and express delight and contentment because that is the natural component and the natural frame of mind that people express these feelings.

However, in the collection of the data, almost all respondents identified that communication in expressing feelings was almost finished with language. That is apparent in the fact that about 65% of the respondents stated that non-verbal communication is not important in expressing joy and happiness and 55% of the respondents discovered that paralanguage had not been important. However, 70% mentioned that terminology is important in expressing contentment and enjoyment and another 15% found it to be slightly important (say 85% of the respondents at this time). This implies that language is still important and vital in helping respondents expressing their pleasure and

Suggesting a Better View

This section was quite complicated. It is because the respondents were break up in discussing whether non-verbal communication was important or not. They revealed that almost 50% of the respondents said that non-verbal communication was not important. However, 35% said it is quite important and 20% said it was very important. Although over 50% state that paralanguage is not important in suggesting an improved view, 70% mentioned that language is very important in suggesting an improved or increased view.

Discussions

From the study, it is discovered that the respondents proved that vocabulary is important and essential in virtually all the scenarios and situations at hand. It is because language is the primary measure or means through which communication and the exchange of information is done in most situations and contexts.

In showing ideas, it seems to be pervasive that the use of language is universal and pervasive. It is because language is essential and important in posting such views and in getting people to understand someone's thoughts and ideas. With this context, the use of non-verbal communication and paralanguage tools are not very important because the average person posting the ideas is able to share everything in succinct terms and the listener can deduce the theory through dialect without much modification or improvements.

However, in expressing joy and pleasure, most respondents suggested that language is vital. However, dialect is not the one means by which these emotions can be expressed. This is because expressing pleasure and happiness feature a high degree of emotions that can be expressed through bodily actions (non-verbal communication) and intonation (paralanguage) as a means of earning the emotions and sentiments more thought by the listener. Hence, it is conclusive that non-verbal communication and paralanguage are important in expressing thoughts and feelings in circumstances where a person needs to do so.

Finally, suggesting an improved view on a subject is a matter that is persuasive in aspect. And it is identified that a lot of respondents identify that vocabulary is important. However, they concede that some degree of non-verbal communication as well as paralanguage. This demonstrates in persuasive conversations, there is the necessity for some amount of communication tools to be employed other than the utilization of dialect.

Conclusion

The research shows that communication requires a degree of usage of different strategies and methods of sharing information. Which means that in most kinds of communication, dialect, non-verbal communication and paralanguage are used together in order to express views and ideas.

The fieldwork will not justify the null hypothesis by itself. This is because in some kinds of communication, it is determined that dialect can be used without much reliance on non-verbal communication and paralanguage. This especially happens in factual contexts where there is the necessity for people to converse ideas. However, in other types of communication like the appearance of enjoyment and persuasion, the hypothesis is honored and justified because each of them work well to be able to provide a realistic communication of the sentiments of the speaker to the listener.

The substitute hypothesis states that every of the three elements of communication can best be utilized separately. This only stands in the case of factual communication or the sharing of ideas where dialect is an important and essential method of communication and can stand alone. However, the choice hypothesis is refuted as it pertains to persuasion and the manifestation fo enjoyment and happiness.

Bibliography

Berry, D. (2010). Health Communication: Theory and Practice. London: McGrawHill.

Kothari, C. R. (2009). Research Strategy. Delhi: MODERN Publishing.

Littlejohn, S. W. , & Foss, K. A. (2010). Theories of Individuals Communication. Mason, OH: Cengage.

Perkins, P. S. (2010). The Fine art and Knowledge of Communication. London: Wiley.

Phifer, E. (2007). Increasing the Mind's Eyeball: Visualizing for Public and Emotional Cleverness. NY: Universal Posting.

Poyatos, F. (2012). Textual Translation and Live Translation. NY: John Benjamins Posting.

Rimondini, M. (2012). Communication in Cognitive Behavioral Therapy. London: Springer.

Wilson, E. O. (2011). Sociobiology: THE BRAND NEW Synthesis. Boston, MA: Yale University Press.

Wood, J. (2009). Interpersonal Communication: Everyday Encounters. Mason, OH: Cengage.

Zimmerman, C. , & Uecke, R. A. (2012). Asserting Yourself AT THE JOB. NY: AMACOM.

Appendix 1

Dear Respondent,

As area of the study on the importance of non-verbal communication, paralanguage and vocabulary in communication, this research will seek to require you in an experiment. In such a experiment, you will need a communication partner and you will have to conduct a two-way dialogue. The first should be about showing ideas, the next should be about expressing joy or delight and the 3rd will involve recommending a much better view in a controversy.

The findings must be labeled under headings A, B or C which must be mutually agreed. The finish is to examine the value o these three components of communication in posting information.

Communication

Type

NVC

Paralanguage

Language

A

B

C

A

B

C

A

B

C

1 - Posting Ideas

2 - Expressing Pleasure or Happiness

3 - Suggesting an improved View

A - Very Important

B - Quite Important C - Not Important

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