Leading Theories and Techniques on Profession Development

The reason for this newspaper is to discuss two major career theories applied to own job development. Explain the ideas and how they would have influenced job development as well as to compare the effect of these two theories on own personal profession development.

After reading chapter two and three, there are many reasons that can effect selecting a specific profession, from personality and the individuals preferences to convenient concerns such as job stableness, salary, and chance of growth and/or progression. Some people select their career based on their aspiration to help others, solve specific issues/ problems or perhaps to continue with a family legacy. Relating to Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey (2008), the reason for studying various methods to job theory is that there surely is no a theory that can cover or describe everything of a person career behavior. All the theories complements the other person in dealing with the many facets (p. 36).

The two major job theories which may have inspired this writer's career development are Donald Super's theory of life-span/ life space and John Holland's theory of vocational personalities and work environment. Donald Super has made good contributions to position development; one of these is the value of the individuals development or self-concept. Self applied theory varies or changes through time and evolves as repercussions of the person experience thus his/her career development is life-long. Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey (2008) stated that jobs develop based on psychosocial development and societal expectation so that it is relatively homogeneous and time related (p. 43).

As indicated in the last assignment, in relation to this writer career route, Donald Super's theory of life-span/ life space is applicable well as this writer consider himself as highly motivated individual packed with positive ambitions. It is important to help people the best way possible. Among the most important concepts is the fact of becoming a lifelong learner as it'll improve the skills essential to be an improved professional. The occupational choices and competencies, as well as the individual's life circumstances all will change and have changed as time passes and experience.

Super's theory of profession development underlines life-long learning as well as change and progress. He brings the idea that folks frequently learn and adapt during the period of a lifetime; therefore he suggested that a career development plan should be developed to provide accommodation to the average person during a variety of periods of learning that happen through the person's life span (Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey, 2008).

According to Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey (2008), Super's Archway model advises that life role and personal concepts are developed by our personal and situational determinants (p. 54). Therefore by causing a vocational selection people are articulating their personal principle which evolves throughout time. Individuals seek job satisfaction through work jobs in which they can communicate themselves and further employ and develop their self applied concept. Through the years as a therapist this copy writer has been created to many troubles and triumphs. After each experience, this copy writer has always searched for ways to better the outcome for the future. The target is to be up-to-date on current therapeutic styles and programs that are ever changing in the mindset field.

Super believed that individuals are not stationary beings therefore they experience constant changes. His theory life-span/life space is a total developmental model that tries to describe (like book) the various influences on a person as they experience different life assignments and different life levels or "chapters". Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey (2008) mentioned that encouraging your client to trust his/her life as if it were a reserve and have him/her to recognize the chapters as an attempt to identify prolonged life quarrels and underlying fads (p. 56).

John Holland's theory of types and person-environment relationship sustain that when choosing a profession, people usually choose jobs where they can be around others with the same interest or prefers. They look for surroundings that will let them employ their skills and converse their attitudes and/or prices while focusing on problems or assignments. People's behavior is situated by an discussion between personality and environment. Relating to Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey (2008), Holland's theory has been explained as structural-interactive; it includes a link between different personality characteristics and equivalent job headings (p. 63).

In the field of psychology Holland's theory applies well and has affected this writer's profession development. By being subjected to an "acute" people working in a hospital, this writer has to learned new methods and/or skills, that i have to incorporate and in a certain way integrate into my existing knowledge. Now I find myself with the necessity to shape or change my restorative style or system scheduled to my contact with another group of men and women with different needs. Luckily for us, this copy writer is surrounded of folks with other ideas or experiences from whom I could learn or view things in another perspective. These people have the same interest and desire to help others as this writer does.

Based on Holland's six basic personality types (Realistic, Investigative, Artistic, Sociable, Enterprising and Conventional) the sort that match the counselor's tendencies to lead to a acquisition of human being relationships competencies is the sociable type. Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey (2008), mentioned that the sociable type personality have a preference to activities that entail the manipulation of others like teach, inform, treatment or enlighten (p. 65).

Holland's theory clarifies work related behavior such by which job options will probably lead or guide to job satisfaction. Understanding this theory can help the person make better choices about the sort of opportunities and/or training best fit him/her. Holland's theory established fact and generally explored theory on career development and is used by most job counselors and agencies (Jones, 2010).

Holland affirms that folks of the same personality type working collectively develops an environment that match and rewards their type. He stresses that a one who choose to work in an environment parallel to his/her personality type are more likely to achieve success and satisfied. Matching to Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey (2008), communal environment requires people to understand themselves as liking to help and understanding of others. It rewards people for demonstrate sociable values. People are in a congruent work environment when their personality type fits the occupational environment (p. 66). Employed in the hospital among people who have the same type of interest and goals makes me to feel more satisfied and perform better, it also offers a sense of owed.

According to Lyon (1965), profession development theory has offered counselors with very important solutions; however, there are a few suggestions that it will not be able to report any changes in career patterns unless counselors happen to be more alert to how theory is linked to cultural factors rather than a universal procedure. Lyon (1965) suggested that counselors should sharpen their way of measuring devices in regards to stages in job development to become in a position to guide more people interested in jobs which will satisfy their self-concepts and express their personality identities (p. 153).

Lyon (1965) also mentioned that counselors should also be aware and on a certain way become watchdog with the customers. The tasks have to go further than just changing their clients to current educational habits. Counselor might contemplate distinct extremely severe training demands of the professions as well as things such as age constraints for admission to special training, physical demand or length of full time review (p. 157).

Compare and contrast

There is a lot more contrast that comparability between Donald Super and John Holland theories. As previously discussed in this paper John Holland's theory assumes that personalities fit into six different categories: Reasonable, Investigative, Artistic, Social, Enterprising and Convectional (RIASEC). Those personalities are drawn to certain jobs because of this the work environment is shown by the personalities predicated on (RIASEC). People are inclined to choose the career that is reflective of these personalities to check out environments that will provide the means to use their skills and/or abilities. As a result, the better the similarity between your person's personality and work environment the better the level of career satisfaction. Relating to Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey (2008), people are in a congruent work environment when their personality type fits the occupational environment (p. 66).

As of Donald Super's theory he mentioned that humans are productive and change constantly throughout life span. Super anticipated a comprehensive model for some influences on a person while he/she face different assignments and progress into different life phases. Regarding to Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey (2008), Super's Archway model suggests that life role and home concepts are produced by our personal and situational determinants (p. 54). In contrast with Holland's theory, Super's life time theory orbits throughout the recommendation that life will involve certain developmental phases (expansion, exploration, establishment, maintenance, and disengagement).

Super developed the idea of the life-career rainbow in an effort to picture of an individual can play multiple functions during his/her life-span. These assignments may overlap each other and differ by degree of strength will highlight a particular role and belief, these might change through the person's life as well as his/her ideals and choices. According to Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey (2008), employing this model, Super defines the longitudinal procedures of profession development as well as the problem specific content of job decision making. "Career decisions indicate our attempts at translating our self-understanding into career terms" (p. 48).

It is important to keep in mind that job development theory is more than that is the evolution of job. Careers at this day do not follow a completely regular linear of set plan model. As discussed throughout this paper Donald Super and John Holland theories have specific ways on conceptualizing the job development process. Each contributes important perspectives how career develop and how career choices are created. As mentioned by Niles & Harris-Bowlsbey (2008) you can find no person theory that sufficiently addresses all possible factors of job development and the folks job concerns. Super theory is a process of self-concept where everyone fits as we all change in stages and has a selection of career and development. Hansen theory is more as a personal development; they both have affected my job development plus they complement with the other person the combination of both perspectives helped me have an improved picture of how my professional life is and will be.

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