Modern Working Life Said To Be Very Stressful Mindset Essay

Introduction

Stress which was once held to be always a middle class problem is now widely accepted to be found in folks from all 'classes' and all work functions. Stress sometimes appears in all kinds of life, from modern working life to basic typical day life it's home. No longer could it be seen with this elitist eye concerning say that only those in a lot more thought provoking office roles are affected (Fincham & Rhodes 2005). With this thought, it is visible that stress does play a part in modern working life, what's more, with the extreme workloads, amount of time spent at the job and the recent changes that are influencing the type of work, it isn't shocking that stress at the job today is increasing (Szymanski, 1999). In this paper, I am going to analyse the stress that comes through and within modern working life, while focusing on the consequences and benefits that stress is wearing individuals and organisations. Furthermore, it'll question and examine the factors that cause stress and how stress in the workplace is combated and conquer.

Stress defined

Stress is extensively accepted to own two opposite results on people that are negative and positive, with stress being a very powerful and complex notion, where the causes and outcomes can vary on both people and organisations (Stevenson & Harper 2006). L J. Mullins (2007) argued that stress is one of the biggest problems to companies and a major influence on the quality of working life and work performance. AMERICA National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (1999), declare that job stress can be explained as the dangerous physical and mental responses that occur when certain requirements of the job do not match the capacities, resources, or needs of the staff member. With this, it implies that stress can be conquer with the right facilities, help and assistance appropriate to the task and work set in place. Furthermore relating to Oxford American dictionary (2009) stress is circumstances of mental or emotional strain or pressure caused by adverse or very strenuous circumstances. However, while analysing stress in the present day workplace, what exactly does a detrimental or very strenuous circumstance relate with? Simply by allowing for such a question to come up from the definition it becomes obvious to see that stress may very well be an extremely generalised matter area. With this, it's important to take a more immediate, in-depth take a look at what exactly are the factors and factors behind stress in modern working life, along with the results and outcomes these cause to both individuals and organisations.

Factors influencing stress

People react in a different way towards various things, while organisations work, run and perform in their own unique way, so therefore different people and various organisations will all run into stress and feel stress in their own divergent ways. Our life is very difficult in the current modern local climate and one of the primary sources of stress is work. There are various types of stress, with contrasting factors and causes associated numerous different environments and situations. Generally speaking, stress at work can come up under three conditions: when the work becomes too much difficult, when the staff member is bound in his capabilities to handle the stresses of the office; or when the staff is frustrated and fatigued due to work (Jaffe-Gill, 2007). This relates back again to the definition of stress by The United States National Institute of Occupational Security and Health, that in modern working life, stress is right down to the inability to complete work to the way the individual or company would desire, i. e. easily, on time, to the highest standard or of more importance, being able to complete it in any way. Armstrong (2000) argues that it is because of the increasing demands of today's work place exceeding the individual's capacity to deal. This shows that managers are trying to deal and keep up with the ever before changing modern world, by requiring and assigning a more substantial workload with their employees that is simply not easily completed. This may seem a logical thing to do, but this will invariably lead to stress, as employees will never be able to cope with this. From the development of the modern world becoming a lot more demanding. i. e. for faster communication, faster conclusion of work and better quality and standard of work, this creates no single typical working structure (Mavin 2001). Insurance agencies no establish working pattern, this might create more independence for employees which may relieve any stress. Conversely, regarding to L. J Mullins (2007) effective works gets done through effective delegation and planning. Alternatively, with this away, simply the job role itself may be demanding because of the risks engaged and the nature of the job. Some careers may involve hazards with lives, not only yours but others, i. e. a fireman and also some can be psychologically draining i. e. communal workers. On analysis of different varieties of modern workplace stress, it's been found that the stress is generally because of the subsequent factors: high requirements on the job, real or recognized insufficient control relating to those needs, inefficient organization and communication, and an unsupportive work environment (Fincham & Rhodes, 2005; Jaffe-Gill, 2007; McKenry, 2005).

Outcomes and ramifications of stress

Individuals and organisations are similar in the way that no organisation or individual is exactly the same. Each has their own characteristics which make them what they are. Consequential to this, the final results and effects of stress is going to change depending on whom or what the individual or company is or like. Lau, V P. & Shaffer, M A. (1999) argues that generally personality when related to a topic (in this case is stress), is defined as the active and organised set of characteristics of a person that uniquely influences his or her cognitions, motivations, and behaviours. With this in mind, it is obvious to see that people are in fact 'unique', their personality is exactly what uniquely affects their motivations and behaviours, and so with regards to stress it is hard to see whether or not stress is able to have a blanketed influence on all types of people. However, as Ryckman, (1997) explained, personality is never completely established, us as people are changeful and always absolve to reinterpret their experience. With this, it may now seem that stress might not affect all people, but shows that with there being many types of stress that is associated with different environments and or situations, the outcomes and ramifications of stress are going to be different in all organisations and individuals. Therefore, in general, acceptable degrees of stress help to enhance the individual's performance whilst extreme amounts of stress can result in a decreased performance (Dooley & Harper 2006). Furthermore, when there is stress at work it can cause both physical and mental fighting (Cooper and Cartwright 1994; Cooper and Payne 1988). It can also increase the event of injuries in the task place (Sutherland and Cooper 1991). There are different levels of stress and the effects of the strain may differ, as seen in The Community Readjustment Rating Level (T H & Rahe, R H 1967). The use of the scale is to measure the magnitude of certain occasions which can be very helpful in identifying the impact or end result of an event on the occurrence of something else, and in this case stress within an company or on an individual. This rating level functions by quantifying events over a sliding range basis, with the greater stressful happenings having higher quantities and the less stress creating events having decreased ones. From this scale three happenings can be drawn out, to help further question the validity of the assertion, a high standing event, a middle standing event and a low ranked event, evaluating the magnitude of the happenings from what the declaration infers. With this level, it gives us a concept of the outcomes and ramifications of stress on an individual or within an organisation. However, the way each family and specific handles this stress creating event varies (McKenry 2005). Stressors that happen from the present day workplace can create situations which may become positive, the genuine stress is not. Furthermore, in terms of the organisation, stress levels should be such that they don't cause deterioration in employee performance as stress has shown to lessen working potential and performance. (Harper & Stevenson 2006). Furthermore, as stress is now more and more common in modern working day life, it has a very high cost on employees, their employers and organisations. There are many different effects and outcomes of modern day working life being nerve-racking. The output of employees working in an organisation is highly damaged anticipated to stress. (Shuttleworth, 2004). Differing people may react in a different way to stressful situations and by creating conflicts or stress this will lead to communication problems within the organisation. Health and mental problems have also arisen from stress, and regarding to BBC. co. uk HEALTH ISSUES (2009) these include, boredom, low self-esteem, forgetfulness, depression, anger, apathy, fret and anxiety. Physical consequences, may include, but aren't limited to, headaches, diabetes, exhaustion, hypertension, upper body and rear pain, ulcers, or even infectious diseases.

Overcoming and minimizing stress

Overcoming and lowering the stresses of stress, in conjunction with making modern working life less demanding, is achieved in a number of different ways. Specific reaction to stress is mixed and sometimes different types of stress that individuals face can cause issues that may contribute towards organisational stress. It is vital for organisations to have a identified stress management program and strategy to manage stress effectively. Pretrus and Kleiner (2003) suggested that stress should be maintained. This was identifying a threefold method of managing work place stress, which included assessing the office in order to recognize factors which could cause hazardous stress, implementation of measures to reduce these, and ongoing monitoring and modification of the program (Stevenson &Harper, 2006). In a study by Topper (2007), she argues that we now have lots of effective ways to fight stress. Try to seek more information about the situation, try to exhibit your feelings for an uninvolved individuals, leading onto building your support system outside from the work environment where you are felling stress, make an effort to increase your physical exercise to have a greater sense of wellbeing, lighten or brighten the surroundings by attracting pictures, plants or food for example and step away from the workspace to have a break or lunchtime or even take a walk to refresh your mind, finally she argues that you could search for a philosophical or spiritual interpretation in the difficult experience. Yet, in comparison to Tropper's beliefs, while stress management techniques like exercise is excellent, if your supervisor is draconian, exercise is not going to help" (Jaffe-Gill, 2007). According to Dolley et al (2006), unlike machines, humans do feel stress and pressure. Therefore managing stress is pivotal, also to do this you need to share the workload out uniformly, train employees to cope and deal with the pressures of these work while change needs to be taken under consideration. Some employees might be tolerant to technology in the present day workplace and discover such change difficult, therefore supporting, aiding and training is essential in some jobs. Training programmes are deemed very effective; Sparks (2001) experienced that if relevant training is provided, it might be possible to boost the employees' perceived control in order to cope better. Controlling stress is important in gaining the best out of your employees as well as having general work area health. Individuals, through stress can have problems with worrying degrees of depression, fatigue, panic attacks and irritability. With there being many various ways to reduce preventing stress, nevertheless, according to L J. Mullins (2007) there are never any easy remedies for stress and much depends on the average person and organisation. Each individual and organisation will find different ways to reduce and stop stress, where some may find remedies effective; others could find them fruitless and ineffective.

Conclusion

In reviewing the factors that produce modern working life stressful, along with overlooking the consequences and outcomes of the stressors, I've learnt that modern working life is demanding and stress is an integral part of everyone's life. In addition, in order to prevent stress at the job we should determine and act upon the several factors that provoke it. Controlling one's stress is a balancing take action. However, with practice and planning one can learn to handle nerve-racking situations by learning how to recognize stress and developing strategies to package with them (Tropper, 2007). Concluding, this newspaper has argued that we now have many types of stressors that produce modern working life demanding, signifying stress is a common occurrence and this no individual or organisation is able to beat this with both being the strain of stress at some point. L. J. Mullins (2007) agrees that stress and work is a major problem, but stress can also result in spurring the individual and company on. Therefore, with stress being a part of life, (Shuttleworth 2007) and stress being considered as a negative aspect of work and life itself, stress can also be seen a positive factor in modern working life with pressure being healthy (Grout 1994), as possible used as a basis to gain greater results and press and spur individuals and organisation forward. I really believe, room, time or situation can prevent a person or company from stress, so we must allow that modern working life is difficult, and therefore regrettably agree to stress is something that we all face.

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