Objectivization of human psychology in mental activity
As the subject is included in the interaction with the world of things, people and himself, mental reflection is transformed into a psychic activity, whose feature is to strengthen its regulatory influence on the subject- object interaction. This new attitude in psychological science was discovered in the study of the adequacy of the perception of objects presented in the experiment. It was noted that in conditions difficult for the perception of the object, different subjects, mistakenly, call objects that are somewhat similar to those presented. Individual variations of these errors are due to the past experience of subject interaction. For example, if the image of a big cone of the southern pine is presented for hundredths of a second, then if it was incorrectly recognized, it was associated with the herringbone, brush, pyramid and other objects extracted by the subject from his experience of object-practical interaction. In this case, the subjects involuntarily discover the influence of their apperception , which encapsulates their subjective reality.
The peculiarity of mental reflection as a mental activity is that the role of the subject is reinforced. The subjectivity of mental reflection begins to make itself felt more and more clearly.
However, following the logic of the physical experiment, the subject-object paradigm focused on adequacy and recognition thresholds, and not errors of apperception, where individual psychology of man hid. It is in them that the heuristic potential of the psychological experiment has not yet been studied.
The peculiarity of mental activity as a more complex level of mental reflection is the manifestation of arbitrariness in the association of a poorly distinguishable object with previously known ones. Human psychology is arranged in such a way that the subject of recognition can not burden the unclear stimulus, as evidenced by experiments with Rorschach spots.
As a result, all the already mentioned forms of objectification are supplemented by the psychological content of the individual psychology of the subject. Although
still not fully, but the process of mental reflection begins to be complicated by the interference in him of the subject's mental activity. Subjectivity as a phenomenon of such interference begins to show with increasing evidence. Objectivators of this subjectivity are the associative errors contained in the verbalized answers of the subjects. Verbalization of the response to objects of interaction requires special technologies of psychological analysis, through methods of content analysis and psychosemantics. Verbalization itself is a complex activity, the inclusion of which translates mental reflection into the process of psychological activity.
Objectivization of psychological content in psychological activity
The need for verbalization stems from the need for social interaction of people. Verbalization assumes a linguistic form of symbolizing the meanings of interaction with objects that opened up to the individual consciousness of the subject. This - the psychological activity of the subject, based on the reflective potential of a person's mental organization. It is a source not only of comprehending its relations with the world of things and people, but also of self-awareness. At this stage of transformation, a person's mental reflection reaches a higher level and turns into a psychological activity. The subject of this activity is the mental reflection itself in various forms of symbolic communication, presented in language, fine art and man-made subject world. The results of this activity are produced in the person's meaningful relationships with the world of things, people and himself. They are objectified in the texts of judgments that reveal an implicit picture of the subject's world, the psychological content of which is enclosed in individual representations of the individual and social knowledge. The universal result of the psychological activity of people is a virtual reality that forms the information space of human existence.
In this space, symbolic and symbolic forms objectify people's subjective ideas about the world of their being. Thanks to scientific and technical progress, effective means of information communication have been created that allow each person to express his world view for others. Moreover, the virtuality of this space makes the knowledge contained in it immortal, unlike the material objects of the objective world. This gives a chance for the subject of psychological activity to spiritual immortality, which is incredibly important for understanding the prospects of a person on the way to realizing his individual potential.
So, in a psychological activity, a person can most fully demonstrate the characteristics of his psychology through various forms of information communication. In fact, this is a form of human
communication, which begins with the mutual perception of the external appearance as an integral sign of the individual and ends, but does not end, with all the means of socio-psychological influence on each other with the goal of achieving a psychological community and harmony. The results of this activity are numerous phenomena of human relations as the main value of the social life of individuals. They turn into the most influential factor in people's lives.
Worldviews about the meaning of life and the laws of being, generated by the reflective potential of mental activity, begin to perform the functions of strategic planning for social interaction and objective production for the reproduction of life.
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