Objectivation of human psychology in subject-practical activity
In this activity, subjective arbitrariness reaches the absolute. The person in it does what corresponds to his needs, but only in accordance with their understanding. The fact is that false ideas about the values of being, about the meaning-life orientations, as evidenced by existential philosophy, are not excluded. These needs are objectified in the objective world in accordance with the notions of the essence of being. The peculiarity of this world is in its man-madeness. This new world of human existence is the materialized needs and creative abilities of the subjects of the subject-practical activity. The subject world represents the materialized essence of a person's mental potential, represented by his needs and abilities for transformative creative activity.
Therefore, the object world can be "read as an open book" creative potential of subjects of practical and practical activity, in the role of which are individuals and socially differentiated groups.
The subjects of this activity materialize the potential of their psychic organization in the products of subject-practical production and consumption. The archaeological analysis of the material traces of historical activity allows us to reconstruct the way of life of past generations of people from the point of view of different sciences about man and society. In his description, there are necessarily psychological portraits of peoples.
In the psychological analysis of products of object-practical activity, the potential of objective psychology, which has not yet been used, is concluded.
In the subject world, a very important component for a person is the aesthetic sense, which preserves the positive attitude of contemporaries to the objects of the historical past. In these feelings, the affective component of a person's mental organization is transformed. From the point of view of utilitarian consumer psychology, it is not very clear why the beauty of an object is so important. Probably because the aesthetics of the object generates positive emotions , which activate the motivational potential of the person.
The roles of the producer and consumer are functionally multidirectional and poorly balanced in the public life of people. This can be seen on the subject entourage of people as owners. At the same time, these roles are the essence of not only social contradictions, but also individual and personal. Contradictions of the realization of these roles in the subject-practical activity brings to the fore the problem of ethical relations , which is regulated by the moral standards of social being. The psychological source of these norms is the evaluation component of mental reflection, which is objectified in the axiological activity of the reflective consciousness of a person.
Objectivization of Human Psychology in Social Interaction
The main psychological content of social interaction is human relations. They are objectified in the processes of information communication, the means of which are communication tools. They constitute the material basis of communication as a process of social interaction. Among these means, there are those that are given to an individual from the nature of his bodily and psychic organization, and those that are created by people specifically to enhance opportunities in communication. In the first case we are talking about non-verbal and verbal means of communication. In the second - about technical means of communication in the widest context.
In this process, the subject-subject paradigm prevails. Between subjects there is a space of human relations, which they create for more or less successful solution of the problems of joint life and social and production activity. However, the factor of objects that ensure the reproduction of the lives of individuals and communities remains important as a common subject basis for social interaction, over which the drama of human relations flares up.
Human relationships are fixed in the role structure of the functional differentiation of people's joint activities. By chain, function-role-relationships The process of objectifying psychological phenomena of social interaction unfolds. For example, the functional differentiation of labor activity by profession is fixed in more or less significant roles (artiste, engineer, teacher, etc.). The importance of these roles in the social organization of society, in turn, predetermine the relationship to specific people in these roles. However, this trend in interpersonal relations can change the significance at the expense of personal merits of the subject of social interaction.
The attitude towards social roles in the person and towards oneself is manifested in the phenomena of social identification and achievement of one's individuality as the motive for self-realization.
The diversity of human relations is described by two series of concepts. One of them defines the ontology of human relations as a form of their being. Speech in this case is about social relations, group, interpersonal, personal and self-relation. These concepts indicate the bearers of human relationships. Another series of concepts determines the subject matter of these relations (their epistemology). These include mental, psychological, socio-psychological and social relationships.
The subjects of social interaction create the phenomenology of group effects - empirical integrators of human relations. We are talking about relationships that are peculiar results (products) of joint activity, communication, mental reflection, legal and moral and moral regulation of joint activities.
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