Person focused theory vs cognitive patterns therapy

This theory was submit by an American psychologist Carl Rogers in the 1930s (minddisorders. com 1). Person-centered therapy is well known by other conditions which include client-centered, non-directive or Rogerian therapy. It is an approach to counseling and psychotherapy that focuses on the client during the treatment process without the therapist going for a directive role. In other words it emphasizes on the person in need of the therapy rather than the therapist. Person-centered remedy is targeted at increasing ones self-esteem and openness to experience. This sort of therapy seeks to improve better self applied understanding, lower defensiveness, reduce guilty and insecurity, promote better relationships with others and freedom expressing sense as they take place.

Carl Rogers, the builder of the theory believed that remedy needs to happen in a supportive environment with close romance between the client and the therapist. Rogers used the term client rather than patient to portray an image that both the therapist and your client are equals. With this therapy, your client decides the way the therapy should be carried out while the therapist gives some clarifications to your client through the use of the casual questions. Person-centered theory became associated with the human potential movements unlike other ideas which depicted human beings as corrupt and selfish. This theory portrayed human nature as good and their habit is encouraged by the necessity to accomplish one's probable. Self-actualization is used in the person-centered remedy which identifies the function of human beings to move ahead, expand and achieve their collection goals. When human beings make an effort to achieve self-actualization, they normally develop concern for others and tend to behave in genuine, trustworthy and constructive ways. Self-actualization emphasizes on individuals strengths rather than their weaknesses. Rogers claimed that self-actualization can be hampered by an unhealthy self-concept like producing negative attitudes towards oneself.

Variations of personal-centered therapy have been developed recently. These are experiential therapy which was produced by Eugene Gendlin in 1979 and then your process-experiential therapy which was developed by Leslie Greenberg in 1993 (minddisorders. com 1). Rogers presumed that what matters in this remedy aren't the therapist's skills and training but his frame of mind towards administering the remedy to the client. Therapist need to have got congruence, empathy and unconditional positive regard to become successful in his/her remedy. Congruence identifies determination of the therapist to relate to your client without withholding anything. The therapist needs to exercise openness and genuineness when interacting with the client to realize meaningful results. Therapists who exercise this attribute find themselves with vital thoughts which they can tell their clients readily. However, congruence will not imply the therapist should disclose all his/her personal problems to the client.

Unconditional positive regard is where in fact the therapist accepts the client totally without evaluating i. e. accepting him/her for who he/she is without considering certain thoughts, characteristics or actions. The therapist communicates with your client without presenting any advice, interrupting or judging him/her. This frame of mind helps the customers to feel absolve to tell the therapist their problems, hostile situations and agonizing experiences. Then your third attitude that needs to be exercised by the therapist when interacting with the client is the empathy where in fact the therapist tries to understand and appreciate the client's viewpoint showing psychological sensitivity on the client's emotions throughout the therapy period. The efficient method for a therapist showing empathy is through energetic hearing what the client says. Person-centered therapist hire a technique called reflection where he/she summarizes what the client has said. This enable the client to examine his/her own thoughts as they hear them repeated by someone else. Rogers assures that whenever these three attributes are used by the therapist when conducting a remedy, clients feel free to relate with the therapist without the worry of what the therapist think of him/her.

Based on the basic principle of self-actualization, the person-centered remedy promotes personal development. Rogers thought that your client has learned what hurts, what guidelines going, what problems are necessary and what activities have been buried (person-centered-counseling. com 1). Person-centered therapy is aimed at improving one's self-confidence, trust and increasing capability to learn and also to lower defensives, guilty and insecurity. However, if the remedy is not successful your client will continue with self-defeating behaviour or rigid means of considering. The success of the person-centered remedy depends on the interest of an individual, the skill of the therapist and the client's level of comfort with the treatment. With this therapy, there is only one motivating force on a client which is the actualizing tendency (personcentered. com 1). The merits of person-centered remedy consist of enhanced understanding to get opinion in oneself, decrease in panic and feeling of panic, upgraded associations, decreased depression, and diminished guilty emotions (Iamindepression. com 1).

Cognitive Behavior Therapy

Cognitive behavior remedy was developed by psychologist Aaron Beck in 1960s (minddisorders. com 1). This therapy is a combination of both internal and sociable aspects that assume that bad considering patterns also called cognitive patterns donate to emotional responses and maladaptive habit. Based on this therapy, the procedure targets changing the thoughts to solve both internal and personality problems. Cognitive-behavioral remedy aims at changing client's bad behavior by cognitive restructuring this means scrutinizing assumptions behind the idea patterns and also by use of tendencies remedy techniques. It treats mental problems like depression, eating disorders dissociative identification disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, insomnia and anxiety attacks. However, cognitive-behavioral remedy is not befitting all types of disorders. Patients with brain injury and the ones who aren't willing to take part willingly are not good candidates because of this kind of remedy. In cognitive-behavioral treatment, the therapists collaborate with the patient to look for the thoughts causing problems and later administer behavioral remedy techniques to change the habit. Patients may be positioning to core beliefs called schemas that are not good and have negative implications on the patient's working and conduct. For instance a person suffering from depression may have a cultural phobia since he is certain that he's boring and impracticable to love. This assumption is examined by the therapist who asks the individual about his friends and family who care for him and like his company. The therapist uses this information to change the patients mind and offer new style of thinking so the patient can transform his behavior pattern.

This therapy is generally administered within an outpatient setting by a skilled therapist. Therapists are psychologists, medical social staff, counselors and psychiatrists. In order to assist patients scrutinize and change ideas and habits, cognitive-behavioral treatment therapists use several techniques. They include validity trials where in fact the therapist performing the therapy asks the individual to defend his beliefs and thoughts. If the patient struggles to produce enough information to support his values, then his assumptions, the invalidity is subjected. Another technique is cognitive rehearsal where in fact the therapist asks the individual to imagine a difficult situation met in the past and then collaborates with the therapist to cope with the condition.

Guided discovery is another strategy where the therapist enquires from the patient a sequence of questions to steer the patient for the realization of his/her cognitive distortions. Patients keep a journal of daily life, the emotions and thoughts around them. Then the therapist together with the patient reviews these to determine maladaptive thought structure and how they influence action. The therapist could also ask the individual to do some research assignments in order to encourage self-discovery and fortify insights made in the treatment. Therapist uses role participating in exercises to react to different situations allowing patients to model this behavior. Then there is use of aversive fitness that seeks to reduce the effectiveness of a patterns that is so hard to change because the habit is either customary or temporarily gratifying. The client is put through an unpleasing stimulus while thinking about the behavior involved. All these techniques are being used by the cognitive-behavioral remedy therapist to improve the habits of patients. For the therapy to reach your goals, a comfortable working environment is vital since it is a collaborative effort involving both patient and the therapist. This remedy involves interactive treatment between the therapist and the individual where they come to know one another. Cognitive-behavior therapy is essential in dealing with bulimia nervosa, reduces circumstances of re-hospitalization, dealing with hypochondriasis, dealing with depression, insomnia and obsessive-compulsive disorder. It really is getting used to help legal offenders change their behaviours (scumdoctor. com 1).

While person-centered therapy focuses on the client without the therapist taking the directive role, the cognitive-behavioral therapy runs on the skilled therapist to administer the therapy where there is immediate interaction with the patient. In person-centered theory, the word client is normally used to show that both therapist and the client are equals while in the cognitive-behavioral theory, the word patient is utilized to indicate the therapist offers directive authorities over the individual. Both theories are being used to alleviate a certain problem or disorder without necessary relating chemical or medical intervention. Both therapies are a way of saving a predicament before it escalates thus saving the expense of dealing with it later.

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