Posttramatic Stress Disorder: Triggers and Effects

A Warfare Without End: The Have difficulties of Posttramatic Stress Disorder

Abstract

This analysis is split into two major parts. The first portion is focused on talking about posttramatic stress disorder, as well as the strain response and its contribution to developing PTSD.

Along with describing PTSD is a reaction to a Frontline Documentary on veterans fighting the disorder. The next portion can be an analysis of an individual friend that is currently undergoing treatment for PTSD. Although information of his treatment is true, information about his identity or personal life will be improved.

Part I.

The issue of PTSD has gained a great deal of attention with america fourteen year endeavor in the middle east. The number of veterans going back home from Iraq and Afghanistan with PTSD is quite staggering. To better understand PTSD it is important to look at stress and stress, and how both of these mechanisms manifest. Their manifestation is crucial to our knowledge of PTSD.

Stress

Stress can best be exemplified as our natural physiological reaction to a treat. To say that stress itself is an awful thing would imply that our success is bad. The strain response is exactly what has allowed our varieties to modify and reach our current position. So what is the strain response?

It all begins at the hypothalamus which sits dorsal to the limbic system, the machine that is in charge of our stress response. The hypothalamus than triggers our urinary tract by relaying electric indicators to the pituitary gland, also know as the get good at gland of the urinary tract. When the stimulation of the pituitary is that of a perceived danger, adrenocorticotropic hormone is released stimulating the adrenal glands (Cohen, 2013). The adrenal cortex responds by releasing cortisol, and the adrenal medulla produces epinephrine. Cortisol is accountable for raising sugar levels by stimulating the release of stored glycogen in the liver. Epinephrine's response is exactly what raises heart rate, dilates arteries, and prepares us for the problem that which caused the original reaction. Most of what falls under this description of stress results from the sympathetic stressed system, and its effect on what's known as the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axes (Siegel, et al. 2005).

Trauma

When people experience a traumatic event, in more conditions than not, they add an emotional respond to said event. Looking at trauma's long term results, we see that these responses can be acted out through unpredictable patterns/emotion, flashbacks, unstable relationships, and even physical pains (APA, 2013). Stress make a difference anyone at any age group, and can result from situations such as rape, misuse, as it is most widespread to this issue, fight. When someone is suffering from stress, a nonthreatening event can tripped a stress response if activated in some way (Comer, 2014).

PTSD

In a simplified description of posttraumatic stress disorder, PTSD could be seen as an over dynamic stress response that practices a distressing, or series of traumatic happenings. As is common with those who see combat or the gruesome outcomes of combat, PTSD has still left psychological marks on the veterans who come back home after serving.

A 2005 Frontline documentary depicted PTSD in a manner that was both helpful and psychological. One point that stood out about the documentary was the culture of armed forces life, especially in the military and marines. The culture is basically this; Being violent and reactive is very much encouraged, demonstrating empathy is weakness, disobeying an order is cowardice, and exhibiting signs of emotional issues is as cowardice as it is weakened. Because of this disturbing perception system it is really not a issue to remain politically correct on. Let us start with the actual fact that assault and reactivity are considered virtues of the soldier. Locating a peaceful resolution has never resulted from struggling with fire with flame. Attempts to find calmness are smashed by the surge of reaction (Martin Luther King Jr. , 1965), as well as for a very obvious reason. When someone is reactive in times that will not readily call for it, more times than not flaws are made. In the case of Rob, this problem came center level when he opened up fire on the civilian women after ability to hear reviews of suicide bombers. She dropped with a white flag in her hands (Frontline, 2005). It is not Robs fault that this civilian died, but instead a consequence of war. He thought that the threat of a suicide bombing was nearing, and instinctively attempted to protect his life, and the men he fought along with. When he commenced to struggle with the function, the men around him tagged him a coward.

Robs report is not unusual for those who have fought in this battle. Embracing a soldier by the name of Jeff, we start to see the consequences of not seeking help following a traumatic event. According to the Frontline documentary, Jeff told his family of a haunting memory space which seems to depict the consequece of blindly pursuing purchases. Jeff was commanded to implement two unarmed prisoners of conflict, and his conformity cost him his sanity. Jeff's mental decrease was shown through his abuse and increased use of alcoholic beverages (Frontline, 2005). Jeff dedicated suicide roughly about a year after providing, which alcoholic beverages could be seen as a adding factor.

The experiences of these interviewed in the Frontline Documentary provided great understanding in conditions of PTSD, and with this information the signs or symptoms can easily be discovered. With this information a brief diagnostic examination will be attempted, and since stated earlier, a few of the information about this particular individual has been improved.

Part II.

Background

John is a white male in his mid-twenties. He premiered from active work in the Army July, 2013. John has been getting psychiatric care for PTSD for per annum. 5, and he claims that he has been improving. His psychiatrist has him starting medications to help with the symptoms. As is common with those suffering from PTSD, John needs Lithium to help with his anxiety and thoughts of depression related to stress. As an adolescent John was diagnosed with ADHD, and have been prescribed Adderall until 10th quality. He has been back on Adderall for the past six month to benefit focus, and also for the anti-anxiety great things about going for a low medication dosage stimulant.

Behavior

John is rather evasive when discussing his time in Afghanistan. When asked about his experience, John appears to steer the dialog towards training, seemingly as an attempt to keep his mind from his duty served in Afghanistan. The thing that might be confirmed is the fact John acquired seen battle on a number of occasions. At times his conversation seems disorganized and required. He looses attention during talk frequently, and has trouble keeping eyeball contact. When John primarily came back to civilian status he started using methamphetamine's for a short length before seeking help.

John in addition has been endeavoring to limit his use of alcohol since being releaved of work, and even though he has ended drinking every night, his troubles with alcohol have persisted.

Summary

Johns behaviors that of that can be observed fall consistent with the majority of the behaviors of those mentioned earlier in the Frontline Documentary. Substance abuse has been the most common concern in Johns life after providing, but he shows signs of progress along with his current treatment solution.

References

Comer, R. J. (2014). Basic principles of Abnormal Mindset. NY: Worth Publishers. Modified July 2014

Fulton, Germer, Siegel. (2005). Mindfulness and psychotherapy. New York: The Guilford Press.

Cohen, B. J. (2013). The human body in health insurance and disease. 12th Release. Baltimore, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Aronson, Raney (2014) A Soldier's Heart and soul [Video]. Retrieved Feb 2015 from http://www/pbs. org/wgbh/pages/frontline/shows/heart/view

King, M. L. (1965). The three evils of society. (Speech). Retrieved from http://www. youtube. com/watch?v=j8d-IYSM-08

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