Principles of Learning: Summary of Theories

  • Yesenia Zuniga

Learning Principles

Telling a kid to do something is never a simple move to make because almost all of the time they won't listen to their parents. During the era of four to eight years old the thing a kid wants to do is play and bond with other kids. Parents are affecting a child's academic performances if the thing a parent is doing is letting their child play and not having any reading time before they start primary school. A couple of three learning concepts a mother or father should use to help the youngster enjoy to read and improve their academic shows while in institution; classical conditioning, operant conditioning and observational learning is exactly what parents may use to motivate their child to read. Although a kid will dsicover reading boring when a father or mother uses the three learning guidelines a child can adapt to reading and discover their child to possess cognitive development.

The first learning process is classical fitness. Classical conditioning is learning to link two stimuli in a manner that helps us anticipate a meeting to which we have a response (Psychology booklet). Parents will learn the most practical method to link two stimuli and help their child learn that reading is an excellent pastime. During classical conditioning parents will have to learn also how to identify the following; neutral stimuli (NS), unconditioned response (UR), unconditional stimuli (US), conditioned response (CR), and conditioned stimulus (CS). Many parents may think how do you know that classical conditioning works? An example of classical fitness is the experiment of "Little Albert" led by John B. Watson, in this test little Albert experienced no concern with anything. When he was presented a rat he had no dread, when little Albert heard the noises of the metallic bar struck with a hammer he'd start crying, after when they combined the rat and the hammer struck the steel bar little Albert became worried of the rat. The US, was the noisy noises, the UR, was worries response, the NS was the rat before it was matched with the noises, the CS was the rat after pairing; the CR was fear (psychology publication pg. 247).

A classical fitness strategy a parent could use for his or her child is made for the parent to create a child's library room in their house, in the wall membrane they might well have a painting of the child's favorite cartoons figure reading, have classical music as the child is reading, and possess a comfortable couch. A child will see that when she or he starts off reading is a place they could break free to, is anywhere they may be comfortable and relax and through time the child would think of reading is something peaceful, delighted, and a de-stress area. In cases like this the US would be the painting of the toon, the UR is listening to the music while the child is reading, the NS is the booklet, after condition the CS is the book the kid is reading and the CR is the kid actually enjoying reading a e book. There are numerous strategies one can use but this would be the best, for a child to want to listen to and learn how to read but a parent or guardian has to make it fun to them. Making it fun for the child to read is important because if it is fun then the child will see it amusing.

The second learning concept is operant fitness. Operant fitness is changing patterns alternatives in response to implications (Psychology booklet). During operant conditioning a parent can use a good or a negative reinforcement. A parent or guardian should use both support and the parent is going to use fixed-interval program which is at operant fitness, a reinforcement routine that reinforces a response only after having a given time has elapsed (mindset reserve pg. 279). A strategy a parent could use is read a book with their child, stay them down and make sure they are listen without having any disturbances however the child should comprehend that it could be rewarding or there may be consequences if they do not listen closely. When the parent or guardian surface finishes reading the publication to their child, the child must explain the particular parent has read to them. When the child struggles to explain what they were just read to the parent should take away an hour of playtime and make sure they are read a reserve independently. In cases like this this would be considered a negative support but through time the kid would recognize that when they are read to they should pay attention so they could understand and be able to explain how many other people are reading to them which would help them when the child is in university because it would also train them to listen to their teachers. A positive support could be, if the kid can explain the particular mother or father just read to them the mother or father should reward the kid with a little dessert. The kid will see that attending to while someone is reading to them it could be rewarding and they will also observe that through time reading can be rewarding.

The third learning rule is observational learning. Observational learning is acquiring new behaviours and information through observation and information, somewhat than by immediate experience (Psychology Book). This learning rule has a modeling and a vicarious learning; a modeling is the procedure of observing and imitating a specific behavior (psychology book 290) and a vicarious learning our selections are affected even as we see others get implications for their manners. The very best decision a father or mother should use while seeking to instruct their children that reading is fun would be modeling. Kids tend to copy one another if a parents instructs their children to sit down for one hour and read to her or him they could be an impact to other children. Not only will this plan be aiding their academic performance it can help other kids using their shows as well. Kids have a tendency to learn so much by watching other folks and kids, parents could use that benefits to help their child be an effect to other kids and tell them that reading is something exciting. Parents need to teach their children that reading is fun that is something enjoyable so their child could be an influence to other kids and his or her friends.

Parents can have problems with their children to get them to read but with classical conditioning, operant fitness, and with observational learning it is possible. The parents have to start taking action because they're those that can assist in improving their child's academics performance. Instead of enabling their children play and waiting for them to get started on university so they could start learning how to learn parents should be reading to them when they are three to four season old so they are used to it. Parents need to expose their children to books at a young years because at a age a child may pay attention and through time they get accustomed to reading but if they want to get the youngster to get accustomed to reading in their teenage years is more difficult. Academic performances are extremely important in a child's life because it determines their capabilities in institution and in the entire world, in case by teaching a kid to learn at a era helps them improve then that is just what a father or mother should be doing.

Reference Page

David G. Myers, D, B. (2013). Mindset 10th Edition, New York: Worthy of Publishers

Also We Can Offer!

Other services that we offer

If you don’t see the necessary subject, paper type, or topic in our list of available services and examples, don’t worry! We have a number of other academic disciplines to suit the needs of anyone who visits this website looking for help.

How to ...

We made your life easier with putting together a big number of articles and guidelines on how to plan and write different types of assignments (Essay, Research Paper, Dissertation etc)