Reflections reflection and psyche . Psychic as a special...

Reflection Reflection and psyche & quot ;. Psychic as a special form of behavior management

This chapter constantly refers to the reflection of the external world, the objects of the surrounding environment. But you know that there is also an inner environment - these are the states of the living being as a whole and its separate organs. Each of us knows from our own experience a feeling of hunger or thirst, we experience pleasure or displeasure, feelings of joy or resentment, grief or anxiety, a sense of pain in various parts of our body, and such emotional sensations are experienced by living beings of many kinds. You understand that this reflection is not imaginary, although it is connected with some objects. Emotional experience, of course, is a sign of some events in the internal or external environment, but it is not the image of these events and not even the language of the description of influences (events). This is the language of assessing the meaning of events for the body, therefore emotional experiences are not the image of events, but the signs of events (states of a living being or external influences on it) and a signal, a command to find the answer to what happened.

The emergence of subjective sensory experiences means a transition to a new way of controlling and regulating response behavior, when the process of finding the best way of behavior in the current situation occurs between the event (the impact on the living being) and the response of the living being. This search can be logical for a person (or computer), but the quickest solution is an emotional experience that induces the desired behavior or triggers the search for the desired answer.

The emotional experience, both in evolution and in ontogeny, appears to appear earlier than imagery. A long dispute about the initial forms of subjective experiences (emotional reflection of the internal or imaginative - the external environment), apparently, should be decided in favor of the emotional psyche. After all, even evolutionarily the first types of external sensitivity - olfactory and taste - are not imaginative, but emotional, prompting for immediate reaction in case of unpleasant experience, and pain sensitivity is the same for both internal and external influences on the organs of the body. And we know that the first reactions of the human fetus are the reactions associated with emotional experiences (smile, fading, violent reaction, change of heartbeat). Since for many species of animals imprinting (imprinting) is the first form of fixing the valuations of objects and events of the external world, the newborn should immediately after birth have the ability for emotional experiences and possess an evolutionarily ancient emotional sensitivity (pain, olfactory, taste). Examples of emotional experiences and emotional sensitivity show that the psyche, along with the task of providing orientation through a subjective reflection of the situation, performs a function of evaluating both external events and internal states and, as we shall see below, our own vital tasks.

Another important task of the psyche is the search for the desired mode of behavior and the regulation of behavior (motivational, emotional and cognitive).

This means that the concepts psyche and Reflect They do not coincide, but overlap only in their content (Figure 2.5). And it's not that there are other forms of reflection (physical and biological), but that the psyche is more than a reflection. Reflection of the situation is only one of the tasks of the psyche. Other tasks less important are the evaluation of events, the search for the desired mode of behavior, and the management and regulation of behavior. Only a successful solution of all three problems ensures adequate mental control of behavior on the part of a living being. As you know, management can be built on a physical basis, based on biological processes and on the basis of the psyche.

The scheme of the relationship of the psyche, the form of reflection and behavior management

Fig. 2.5. The scheme of the ratio of the psyche, the form of reflection and behavior management

thematic pictures

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