Results of the analysis of consciousness - General Psychology

Consciousness analysis results

The first question that I would like to have answered: "What reality is described by the concept of" consciousness "? The traditional answer refers to a person's ability to give himself an account of what he sees, he hears, thinks about, experiences, does, remembers from what happened to him up to this point in time. But we have already noted that such an understanding of consciousness makes it an unnecessary addition to the human psyche. Consciousness thus understood does not change anything in our perception, thinking, motivation, emotional experiences, in our actions. Such consciousness does not participate in creating images of the external world, it does not solve the problems of human life, but it creates an opportunity for arbitrary regulation of human behavior. If the self-report is connected with consciousness as a special psyche, then it is only one of the manifestations of consciousness, and not the consciousness itself. So understandable consciousness is not even a form of mental processes, it is only a person's ability to realize that he is sawing, hears what he thinks about, etc. But if one can not point out this reality and describe it, it means that the concept of "consciousness" in psychology is introduced as an explanatory concept, as a theoretical construct. And then the following questions arise.

• What does it explain?

• What are the features of human behavior and mentality we associate with consciousness and why they can not be explained without the concept of consciousness?

The first and the main reality that assumes special abilities of the human psyche is the peculiarity of its activity, namely, labor activity, including the creation of cultural objects that have no biological value or benefit (music, poems , painting, film, television, etc.). Creation of a special space of a person's life - a culture that includes art and science, and special activity in this space, which acquires the main, main meaning of life for many people, is impossible without those features of the psyche with which we impose consciousness. The production of works of art and knowledge, the creation of an image of the world by individuals and all humanity, the perception of objects of culture of mankind, and not only objects of the material world, is impossible on the basis of sensory reflection of objective situations of action. A new ability of the human psyche is required, allowing to create a scientific picture of the world and transfer this knowledge to new generations of people.

The second feature of human activity, including its everyday behavior, is its arbitrary and strong-willed character, when a person needs to do not only what he wants, but also what is necessary and how necessary according to the rules and norms established by the society and the state. Such behavior presupposes the formation of a person not only as a social being with his normative behavior, but also as a spiritual being, a person living in the space of moral and immoral relations. Life in the space of culture is impossible on the basis of only sensory perception and the ability to solve adaptive tasks (the artist's canvas is covered with paints outside the consciousness). Social, including moral, norms and rules can not be given to a person in a sensual form, but the moral behavior of a person is not biologically or socially adaptive (beneficial). Again, we need a special ability of the psyche that allows a person to be a social being and become a person, to be not only adapting to the situation, but also to assert moral principles, adopted by him as the meanings of his own life.

Finally, the person's ability to give an account of himself, his state of mind, must also be explained somehow.

• Where does this ability come from and what is its necessity?

• Is it an innate property determined by the device of the brain, or is it a person's ability acquired during life?

• What conditions are necessary for the acquisition of this skill to become a task for a person, and what conditions and opportunities are necessary to solve this problem?

The concept of consciousness acts here as a mechanism for explaining the ability to self-report.

The main question that remains unanswered: what does consciousness generate? It is clear that the activities, language, social relations of people in themselves only need consciousness, but do not generate one hundred. The brain itself can not generate consciousness - it only provides this opportunity. So far, one thing is clear: beyond consciousness, human consciousness is not born, for its uselessness. But what is generated by consciousness in activity remains unclear. The main difficulty in answering this question is to understand what should be generated, i. E. what is consciousness? And until we agree on the content of the concept "consciousness", we can not answer the question of what generates it. One gets the impression that this concept is the common name of many new acquisitions or neoplasms of the human psyche (once the whole cognitive sphere of the human psyche was referred to as the concept "mind"), and if this is so, then it is not the task to guess what consciousness is but to allocate these new acquisitions and describe them.

If we recognize the consciousness an explanatory concept, a theoretical construct, then the research strategy changes: it is necessary to study how the image of the world is constructed, and not the situation; how to create knowledge about the world and about oneself; how the behavior of a person is governed and regulated on the basis of rules and norms established by society and the state; the process of awareness, ie. discovering for themselves the content of their activities and their mental processes, etc.

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