Revolutionary psychology of the masses - Political psychology

Revolutionary mass psychology

In the unconscious, we find not only an unsatisfied sexual desire, but also a desire for dominance and power, confused consciousness, wounded pride, unquenchable resentment and envy, eternal condemnation to the same fate. We, the people of the beginning of the new millennium, who have passed through the irreversible temptations of power, sociality, Caesarism, are still unknown to other inexhaustible sources of energy in man, except for Eros. Here it is, fruitful activity, which, in its transformation, gives rise to culture, all the variety of imagination and creativity. This energy determines all kinds of trivial and extraordinary relationships between people. Are there any other impulses? Perhaps, only the reverse side of libido is a huge destructive power.

In the work "Mass psychology and analysis of the human" I " Freud is trying to understand what a mass is, what it acquires is the ability to so decisively influence the mental strength of an individual and what is the spiritual change to which it compels a person.

The mass is impulsive, changeable and excitable. She is gullible and extremely influential. The mass is uncritical, there is no implausibility for it. She never knew the thirst for truth. In a collective impulse, the crowd is ready to believe that it is possible to instantly recreate the collapsed Soviet Union, sell sausage at the same prices, return the former.

What is missing this picture? Of course, a simple statement: the mass is infected with erotic psychoenergetics. It is filled with love and hate syndromes. Psychologists find a direct link between the sexual emotions of voters and the image of a political leader. A politician with a dimple on his chin activates the Oedipus complex. It deserves popularity among those who are guided by this impulse. The likeness of a bear represents sexual power. This is a subconscious motive. The nervousness of nature charismatic hints at the fateful passions. The rustle of Eros is heard everywhere.

H. Freud believes that the task of mass psychology is to explain all the political, historical and cultural phenomena of the past and the present. However, until now, the psychology of the masses has been mainly defended by political interests. Liberal and conservative, it sought to preserve public order. As for the crowd, Freud here basically shares the ideas of Lebon and Tard. The mass is impulsive, variable and excitable. She is almost exclusively guided by the unconscious. The impulses to which the mass obeys may be, depending on the circumstances, noble or cruel, heroic or cowardly, but in all cases they are so imperative that they do not allow to show not only personal interest, but even interest in self-preservation. Nothing in the masses is intentional. If she longs for anything, then always for a short while, she is incapable of permanence of will. The mass does not tolerate a delay between the desire and the fulfillment of the desired. She feels omnipotent, the individual in the mass disappears the notion of the impossible.

The fruitful idea is Freud's idea that the genuine seducers of people are not the Marquis de Sade and not Casanova, but political leaders. Mass is an obedient herd that can not live without a master. The masses have such a thirst for subordination that, according to Freud, it instinctively submits to everyone who calls itself its ruler. Although the need of the masses goes to the leader to meet, he must still meet this need for his personal qualities. He must himself be captured by deep faith (in the idea) in order to awaken this belief in the masses; he must have a strong impelling will, which will pass from him a limp mass. "

H. Freud makes it clear that we would have a better chance of correctly predicting the future if we were guided by the hypothesis that all social movements are subject to the psychology of the masses. For example, what connection can be traced between panic and terror? In panic, the individual turns his fear against the crowd and blindly destroys it. This can be seen in individual parts of the collective, in small groups, torn from their original environment. People imagine that they are in danger, and pretend to run away. In fact, they are rushing to escape with a mixed feeling of fear and rage. Under terror, it is the crowd that directs its fear against man. When we talk about modern manifestations of crowd psychology, a mass atomized audience, then their ambivalence strikes us. Mass always demonstrates a complex complex of feelings. Z. Freud emphasizes that from the point of view of psychoanalysis this is understandable. All love potentially contains a grain of hatred. The crowd does not have one mood. She deifies and crushes, raises and throws off the pedestal, loves and incinerates. Of course, all this can be explained, as Freud stresses, rationalistically, and point out the conflictual nature of people's interests. However, the libidinal contribution is very appropriate here.

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