Illness is a hard fact of life. Many people are bound to handle some kind of illness during their lifetime and everyone must normally handle the sickness among their relatives and buddies. Both quantity and quality of the social relationships affect medical behavior including the mental health and physical health. Therefore, sociology and psychology are known to share numerous common interests and field of analysis in the public health sector. The sociologists have performed a pivotal role in creating an association between your social connections and the final results of health. They have also identified explanations because of this association illustrated with instances and evidences and have also examined the social deviation of gender and race at the population level (Umberson and Montez, 2010).
On the other hand, human behavior is the most concern for the psychologists. Psychology is mainly concerned with the reasons that produce people behave as they certainly. Psychologists deeply review real human characteristics like feelings, learning, intellect, heredity, personality development and also other factors like environment, dissimilarities which exist between individuals, the nature and exactly how individuals affect certain organizations and affect real human health habit.
Sociology plans a vital role in understanding various issues related to the health. Sociologists analyse how the social causes may promote health and sickness as well as study the reasons behind higher anguish of some social groups over others. To demonstrate this, some experts had observed the way the working conditions of varied factories in US effect the fitness of poorer sets of Americans when compared with the wealthier People in the usa. It had been seen that the indegent class suffered more often from certain types of tumor than the wealthier Us citizens. Sociologists can also research the impact of historical changes in social life on the illness patterns. For instance, to understand the real reason for the increase in rate of breast cancer tumor in women, the researchers have examined role of environmental pollution, increased ingestion of meat in the us as well as the likelihood of the changing sociable roles of women in the world.
Instead of learning the ailments in a broad pattern, sociologists may also study the habits of patients who live with conditions on a daily basis. In such cases, they explore and understand the effect of disorder on the individuals' sense of identification, their relationship with the relatives and friends or also to comprehend their ideas on different facets that could cause a sickness or disease. Additionally, the sociologists could also study the encounters of various health professionals and health care providers. This sort of a study may include the evaluation of the way the status and vitality of medical doctors has modified over a period. Other for example the study of the effect of electricity on the connections between doctors and nurses. Some sociologists also have examined the interactions between the patients and health care workers which include to comprehend factors like how the doctors maintain a control or specialist while having conversations with the patients or whether doctors treat patients of both genders equally (Strohschein and Weitz, 2014).
Sociologists have the potential to analyse the complete health care system. They may have examined the development of health care systems along with the various advantages and weaknesses of different systems across the globe. Apart from figuring out the loopholes in various systems, they have also analysed how these systems could be better. For example, sociologists analyse the role of medical health insurance companies and also broader subject areas like the reason behind European countries doing better at providing healthcare as compared to america and whether Western european policies for healthcare can be followed in the United States.
An inverse marriage exists between your socioeconomic status and the components of an detrimental lifestyle like physical inactivity, cigarette use and poor nourishment. Socio economic position affects the determination for healthy action. The lower socio economic position groupings have fewer number of reasons to forgo short term unsafe pleasures for a long-term gain in health and endurance. All socio financial status organizations may have a similar health tendencies desire however the low socio financial status categories have a hard time in noticing their goals. The comparison of the socio monetary status communities also reflects on the intake of health care. The study of various historical trends help to understand the changes in the mechanisms that associate socio economic status groupings to the health behaviors and also the sensation of the reversals in relationship between socio monetary status groups and different health actions (Pampel and Krueger et al. , 2010).
Health psychology concerns with the lifestyle and individual behavior which displays on the individuals physical being. The primary goal of the psychologists is health improvement, treatment of an illness and its elimination, identification of risk factors associated with health, betterment of professional medical systems and examining the public point of view with respect to health. Psychologists apply their key points in a variety of health areas like managing stress, handling cholesterol, stopping smoking and cigarette intake as well as encourage healthy practices like exercise and regular health checkups. Psychologists identify the various conditions that effect health insurance and also take major steps to change various behavioral factors which involve psychological and physiological treatment. The health mindset interacts with both sociology and biology to attain disease and health related outcomes.
The work of health psychologist includes doing research, coaching as well as providing services to various individuals/ private or general population companies. They could provide substitutes or alternatives of pharmacological therapy. For instance, the analgesic medication for headaches may be substituted by biofeedback. They could also execute behavioral interventions to take care of physical diseases like chronic pain. Some clinical psychologists could evaluate by using neuropsychological treatment for patients attempting to cope from serious illnesses(Brannon and Feist et al. , 2000).
There will vary research methods employed by psychologists to comprehend health behaviors. Correlational studies are being used to recognize and predict the various factors which can be related to a specific disease. Another method used is the cross sectional studies which help to compare folks of different age ranges. Longitudinal studies give information on the steadiness of the position of health or any other characteristics that need to be decided during the period of a certain time frame. Longitudinal studies are expensive and time consuming when compared with the cross sectional studies nevertheless they produce more useful results. The major disadvantage of correlational studies, longitudinal studies and cross sectional design is the fact none of them may be used to determine causality. Periodically psychologists require information to study the influence of 1 adjustable on the other. In such cases, they have to design special tests having a control group and experimental group.
The growing awareness that psychosocial stress as well as lifestyle factors contribute to morbidity and mortality from cancer, cardiovascular diseases and other accidental injuries in the developed countries lead to the introduction of heath mindset. Health psychology is a field which uses emotional knowledge in order to maintain health and prevent any sort of illnesses. Social psychology or sociology also added significantly since life-style are also recognized to modify health, attitudes and beliefs. public mental health techniques of the change in attitude and action was required to result in large size improvement in lifestyles by counting on the methods of mass communication. Recently, the eye of the sociologist and psychologist have increased in the study of stress due to numerous stressful lifestyle events taking place these days ( for example, bereavement and divorces) that involves the splitting up of social human relationships. The health impact will depend on greatly on these demanding incidents as well as on the ability of the individuals to cope up with such incidences. The impact of stress also impacts health by influencing the mind response towards physiological functions where individuals could become centered health impairing activities like alcohol/ substance abuse and smoking. Therefore, social factors determine the stress-health interactions as well as the stressful situations of life. Another important efforts made by the sociologist and psychologist is in the field of examination and improvement of varied medical care systems. They inspired important subject matter like patient compliance and nervousness related to surgical procedure and understanding physician-patient relationship (Stroebe, 2011).
Over the years, sociology and psychology have been more developed as being part of the multi disciplinary health system. They are simply progressively acquiring new tasks and partnerships with other domains like social insurance policy and anthropology to carry out a more intense study of the general public health patterns and their related issues. The concentrate of sociologists and psychologists is on the value of health education and advertising which is based on the behavioral change techniques with an try to reduce risk due to change in lifestyle and for management of chronic diseases.
Brannon, L. , Feist, J. and Brannon, L. 2000. Study guide for health psychology: an introduction to patterns and health, fourth model. Belmont, Calif. : Wadsworth.
Brym, R. J. and Lay, J. 2010. Sociology. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Cengage Learning.
Pampel, F. C. , Krueger, P. M. and Denney, J. T. 2010. Socioeconomic disparities in health behaviours. Annual review of sociology, 36 p. 349.
Sartain, A. Q. , North, A. J. , Unusual, J. R. and Chapman, H. M. 1958. Psychology: Understanding real human behavior. McGraw-Hill Booklet Company.
Stroebe, W. 2011. Social mindset and health. Maidenhead: Start School Press.
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Strohschein, L. and Weitz, R. 2014. The sociology of health, health problems, and healthcare in Canada. Toronto, ON: Nelson Education.
Umberson, D. and Montez, J. K. 2010. Public connections and health A flashpoint for health plan. Journal of Health and Social Action, 51 (1 suppl), pp. 54--66.
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