Srednevoe determination, Indeterminacy and subjectivity of mental...

Mediation Determination

The principle of environmental (external) determination of mental activity arose on the basis of psychophysical studies, where the response of subjects to the holistic objects of influence with well-measured parameters of their physical properties was studied. Here, certain dependencies of the recognition effects of the objects being presented on the external conditions of the situation of interaction with them were obtained. These conditions were subdivided into natural and subject, which were concretized at the level of independent variables in the measured physical properties of the objects of interaction. The main studied phenomenon of this interaction was adequacy of reflection (recognition) of objects. The peculiarities of this reflection began to be interpreted as the patterns of cognitive activity, which led to the emergence of cognitive theories.

However, as studies of social perception have shown, a person can build interaction with the world of things and people, and on the basis of false representations, as evidenced by the manipulative technologies of modern media. In this case, much depends on the belief and belief of a person.

The study of the conditioning of mental and human psychology by environmental factors is not exhausted by psychophysical explanations. Behaviorism rendered mental brackets and recognized the environment as the main determinant of human behavior in all its manifestations. Environmental behaviorism offers the creation of appropriate environments for managing human behavior and groups, where the individuality of a person is reduced to a unit of functioning in a particular environment. In many ways, these ideas are realized in modern production, education, services, sometimes even in leisure.

Another of the determinants is the social environment, so many theories and concepts are based on the influence of the social and cultural environment on the development of the psyche in philo- and ontogeny. Examples include Vygotsky's cultural and historical concept, J. Bruner's theory of social perception, KJ Gergen's social constructionism.

Indeterminacy and subjectivity of mental reflection

Indeterminacy is defined as the ability to arbitrariness of the subject of mental reflection (freedom of will). This concept implies the denial of any determination at all. But this is hardly possible, since everything in the world is interdependent. In this case, we can talk about the determinative role of the subject, who, to the extent of his activity, participates in all the processes of mental reflection. Each person in his own way perceives the surrounding reality, projecting on the perceived own experience. In this sense, projective techniques always look illustrative: unfinished sentences, vague visual images, when a person completes the stimuli presented to him. Moreover, if different people are presented with the same situations or they themselves are their participants, their response will be different precisely because for each person the situation presented will have its unique significance. For example, by giving way to a woman in public transport, one can not be absolutely sure how she interprets this act. In one case, she can rejoice and decide that the place inferior to her is a real gentleman. In another case, she can decide what looks good, and take it as an excuse for dating. In the third - decide that this is a hint of age, and grieve. In the fourth, if she is a convinced feminist, she will take it as an insult. The list can be continued indefinitely, since each person is an individuality, and it is rather difficult to predict the behavior of everyone, because at times even the mood can play a role in the choice of this or that strategy of behavior.

The subject is the source of subjectivity, which contains the main content of human psychology as a specific phenomenon of his mental activity. A person in this process becomes an subject - an active agent and a factor of interacting with the world of things and people. These functions are strengthened in the role of creator of relations with all circumstances of life. As a result, the subject's influence on all kinds of responses and manifestations of human psychology increases. The value of the motive of self-realization increases. The relations between the individual and society are becoming more acute. Subjective ideas about the life of man and society begin to dominate the natural laws of being. All this leads to the paradoxical nature of human psychology.

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