Stress is all in the mind

The principle stress is a favorite theme employed by people to suggest a state of stress. From my experience, I've noticed people become apprehensive over certain issues while others within similar circumstances show less or no matter. Obviously, people behave differently but what makes a person showing less or no concern over situations that make others nervous? Because of this issue, I plan to explore why certain happenings tend to distress people but still have no effect on others but first of all, it will be necessary to ascertain the word stress. Relating to Gross (2000), 'stress is a routine of negative physiological areas and psychological replies, occurring in situations where people understand threats with their well-being that they may struggle to meet'. From the definition, stress is the physiological and subconscious changes in a person as a result of certain anxiety; conception seems to play a key role with the way people take care of situations. Apparently, those in stress viewed stress adversely by pondering the threat with their well-being was beyond their capacity.

There are techniques that have thrown more light on stress, although their views maybe different, they appear to recognize that stress is something of stressors and stress replies. Matching to Cox (1975), these strategies are

The engineering model: This model is of the view that stress is found in the stimulus characteristics of an individual's environment. The anatomist model considers stress as what goes on to a person and not what happens within the person. This model stocks similar view with the thoughts and opinions of the behavioural perspective, that individuals behaviours are direct consequences of their environment.

The physiological model: This model on the other hands is principally worried about what happens in a individual. It is enthusiastic about the response facet of the anatomist model. This model can be associated with Freud's system of belief of the psychoanalytical perspective that people's behaviours originate from within.

The transactional model: This model views stress as something of the transfer between a person and his/her environment in relation with their individual understanding. This model is a mixture of the other two models; it is more goal and includes Lazarus's cognitive appraisal notion, interested in the option of people to cope with stress.

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Bearing at heart that the belief of hazard which is beyond ones capacity suggests negative stress; when this trend occurs, your body is still left with the choice to handle its troubles. The defensive reactions could take the proper execution of an 'fight or flight' response making your body to automatically change itself in planning to the hazard. The response that is discussed in this paragraph is physiological. Take for example a scenario whereby hunters in a jungle are trying to find a lion, one of the hunters has no gun and it is left alone in a position where the lion is regarded as unlikely found. He walks around for a few minutes and alas, that is the lion right in front of him staring into his sight. He has no gun and knows he cannot out-run the lion, immediately he perceives a menace beyond his capacity, some of the reactions which is likely to take place in his body in prep to that menace include: hormones released into the blood stream(adrenalin), the shut down of the digestive tract - to divert more blood from the abdominal to the lungs and the muscles, arteries small and thickens so that blood vessels flows less speedily and coagulates quickly in case there is fresh wounds, heart rate accelerates increasing the blood vessels being pumped round the muscle and brain, glycogen released from the liver for extra energy and muscle power, breathing deepens and increases oxygen in the bloodstream; all these to mention a few will involuntarily increase energy and alertness in planning for the swift response to the menace.

The prospect of the physiological description of stress however seems to have a one-sided view; it views stress replies to only be a thing of the physical. It fails to recognize that the internal part of an individual can activate the body producing similar physiological effects as detailed in Selye's 'GAS' theory (Selye 1956). The tenet of the physiological description of stress will not consider the fact that the notion of this risk occurred in your brain and your brain is not physiological.

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The engineering model as well as the transactional is of the view that the surroundings takes on an important function in stress, although transactional further sees individual perception to also are likely involved. There are everyday events considered as hassles which regularly occur at home, work and personal lives of folks resulting in stress. Lazarus, a favorite transactional model theorist used the cognitive appraisal theory to demonstrate the functions of viewing these events positively, adversely or neutrally and their consequent results on people (Gross 2000). An analysis of the damage factor and one's coping capacity determines the amount of stress. Taking a good example of some stressors located within the surroundings from the office; the problem of the role turmoil whereby a factory worker, who has been recently advertised to the role of an supervisor, sees himself/herself in the centre management status working with the needs of the higher management and other staffs. The staffs may not connect with their new supervisor casually as before and they may even avoid some discussions with him/her, on the other hands the supervisor may still not be able to relate with the senior management in different ways as before. If after primarily assessing the new role he/she views it to be a threat and subsequently this is accompanied by an analysis of low coping capabilities, this may place a pressure on the supervisor resulting in behaviour such as immediate change of moods, finding self as victim, inability to concentrate, overtiredness, headaches/migraine etc. The environmental reason of stress in this situation, is only worried about the role-conflict (stressor) located within the supervisor's workplace which produced these stress responses.

The viewpoint of environmentally friendly reason of stress is a subjective one. It only recognises the environmental factors which lead to stress failing to acknowledge that individuality of men and women also takes on an important role in stress; someone else may view that middle-management role favorably as an edge and those causing attitudes might not have occurred. However the stressor may have been located within the surroundings, the psychological aspect of the supervisor also contributed to the strain, it is actually impossible to discuss stress without referencing the mind because the negative or positive view on events takes place in the mind.

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After recently carrying out research on stress added with class lessons I received, I've come to realise that although most stressors are located within the environment, perception performs an imperative role in identifying the amount of stress people experience but there continues to be another factor which can't be isolated when talking about about stress and that is individuality. According to Fontana (1989) the level of stress people are designed for varies from person to person and also will depend on the kind of stress. People can become worried over changes using their common work or lifestyle; such situations they see as a threat instead of a challenge. When these changes eventually take place, they may find themselves shattered with no more centre of balance.

Putting this in a context, a senior personnel nurse who spent some time working for quite some time in a hospital reaches the point to become retired; he/she is becoming very much accustomed to working and having work mates but therefore of the retirement life, will have to be waking up soon each day and staying exclusively at home all day. On personality basis, two people may respond in a different way to this situation. THE SORT A personality nurse according to Friedman and Rosenman (1974) as cited in Gross (2000), who is becoming so obsessed with his/her job and also sees the job to compensate for having less friends or family, will probably become stressed out after old age and consequently suffer from stress, develop high blood pressure and coronary heart disease. The Type B personality nurse on the other side, who may still be enthusiastic about his/her job but recognizes the retirement living as an advantage and pleasurable is unlikely to become despondent. It seems as it pertains to retirement, more people have a tendency to be associated with the Type A personality this is why why retirement living was ranked 10 out of 43 in Holmes and Rahe 'cultural readjustment rating range' (Gross 2000).

Conclusively, people are daily confronted with events which might threaten their well-being but perceiving these incidents positively as an issue will give them a sense of control over stressors allowing them to cope with stress. Lazarus's cognitive appraisal concept demonstrates even an analysis of both high harm factor and high stress level added with a higher coping ability will probably produce low stress. I'll say at this point that belief is the control centre that is in charge of the abilities of 1 dealing with stress and since belief takes place in your brain, 'stress is all in the mind'.

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