Studying the properties of the nervous system of students...

Studying the Nervous System of Students

The properties of the human nervous system are not, strictly speaking, the determining factor in choosing a profession, since any person has wide compensatory possibilities in relation to those properties that make it difficult for him to perform a specific activity. Adapting to the conditions of labor activity, a person develops an individual style of activity that allows one to successfully perform the same work for people with different properties of the nervous system. However, in those cases when the student is inclined simultaneously to several professional fields and is at a loss in the final choice, studying the properties of his nervous system can help the teacher (counselor) recommend to the student that professional area to which he will get used quickly and easily.

When studying the properties of the nervous system, one usually speaks of one or another type of temperament. In the material of the methodology, we use the characteristics of various types of temperament, but our task is to study the properties of the nervous system of children, since the analysis of these properties is more relevant for correlating with the content and working conditions in a particular profession.

The technique described is developed (using the suggestions of AA Polezhaev) on the basis of the forced choice by the schoolchild of one variant of the behavior of the four offered to him in each item of the task. The schoolboy chooses that variant of behavior (characteristics), which, in his opinion, is most correlated with his behavior. Each of the proposed options corresponds to one of the types of temperament, which allows after the assignment to determine the degree of severity of certain types of temperament in the student and hence the characteristics of his nervous system.

PROCEDURE OF THE METHODOLOGY

The best option is that each student has a task text and a reply form. If these materials are not available, the students first draw a form in their notebooks of the answers to the methodology (in this case it is better to prepare the corresponding drawing in advance on the chalkboard), and then the instructor (consultant) reads the text of the methodology. After the students receive the paper with the assignment and the answer sheet (or draw the answer forms in their notebook), they are given the appropriate instruction.

Instruction and execution of the task should take no more than 15 minutes. The teacher should monitor the performance of the task, do not allow statements aloud, as this can influence the attitude of the students towards the given examples of behavior. The methodology can be conducted both with the class and individually with each student.

INSTRUCTIONS FOR THE EXPERIENCED

The proposed technique will provide an opportunity to learn about some of the features of your nervous system: its strength, mobility, balance. To do this, you need to carefully and thoughtfully work with the text of the methodology. In each of the suggested points of the technique, four behaviors are described in different situations. You need to choose from them one (and only one) that most closely resembles your own behavior. Then, on the answer sheet, you need to find the number of the chosen behavior and put a cross in the cage with this number. Be careful: on each line in the answer sheet there should be only one cross. After filling out the answer sheet, count the number of crosses in each column and put the number in the bottom in the "Total" box.

PROCESSING RESULTS

After the students count the number of crosses in each column and put the sum in the column "Total", the teacher determines the degree and nature of the expression of the properties of the nervous system in students based on the severity of their individual temperaments, using characteristics of the properties of the nervous system for each from types of temperament. Columns of the form from left to right correspond to the following types of temperament: sanguine, choleric, phlegmatic, melancholic.

Sanguine is characterized by the strength, mobility and balance of nervous processes. As a rule, he is capable of long and hard work, easily rebuilds from one activity to another, accurately calculates his strength and has good coordination of movements.

Phlegmatic is characterized by the strength and inertia of the nervous processes. He is capable of long and hard work, but it is difficult to rebuild from one activity to another.

Choleric is characterized by mobility and imbalance of nervous processes. He quickly switches from one activity to another, easily joins a new job, but he does not know how to distribute his forces, he is characterized by low accuracy of movements, etc.

Melancholic is characterized by weakness of the nervous processes, fast exhaustion, low working capacity with high intensity of labor, great impressionability and vulnerability, etc.

It is important to note that in pure form, one of the listed types of temperament is very rare. Usually there is a manifestation of this behavior, which can be attributed immediately to two or even three types of temperament (but by no means to four!).

Students may have different manifestations of one or another type of temperament. If in any column there are eight or more crosses, then the corresponding type of temperament in the student is pronounced. However, this is rare. More often it happens that more crosses are concentrated in some two graphs, and there are two possible variants:

1) approximately the same number in both graphs (for example, 5 - 5 - 2 - 0, 6 - 5 - 1 - 0, 5 - 4 - 2 - 1, etc.). In this case, we can talk about the same expression in the schoolboy of the two corresponding types of temperament;

2) the prevailing number of crosses in one of the graphs (for example, 7 - 4 - 1 - 0, 6 - 3 - 2 - 1, 7 - 5 - 0 - 0, etc.). Then we can talk about the severity of the schoolchild's two corresponding types of temperament with the predominance of one of them.

It is also possible that the main number of crosses is fairly evenly distributed between three graphs (for example, 4-4-4-4.0-4-3-4-1.5-10-4-0, etc.) . Here you can only say that the schoolboy does not show the expression of the remaining fourth type of temperament.

The researcher must take into account that in some cases, for example, with a uniform distribution of crosses between the graphs (3 - 3 - 3 - 3, 4 - 3 - 3 - 2), the results may be due to the fact that the student did not understand the instructions or consciously evades the task. In such a situation it is necessary to find out what's wrong and, if necessary, to conduct the research again.

INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS

After determining the severity of certain types of temperament in schoolchildren, one can draw a conclusion about the manifested properties of the nervous system. For this, the following algorithm is applied: it is necessary to take into account the degree of expression of each of the manifested types of temperament and on the basis of a comparative analysis to distinguish the most characteristic manifestations of nervous processes in a particular schoolboy.

Examples

1. Quite often there is a distribution of type 6 - 4 - 2 - 0, i.e. most clearly manifested features of the sanguine and less bright features phlegmatic, partly manifested also features choleric. Highlighting the characteristics of each of these types of temperament and taking into account their severity, we come to the conclusion that in this case the strength and balance of the nervous processes manifest themselves, while the mobility of the nervous processes does not manifest itself in any way.

2. With the distribution of type 4 - 2 - 6 - 0, i.e. when the features of the choleric are more clearly manifested, weakerly the sanguine and, in part, the phlegmatic, we can come to the conclusion that in this case the mobility of the nervous processes manifests itself, and the balance and strength are practically not expressed.

If the research is conducted in a group, classroom, then the teacher should check how well each student was able to determine the characteristics of his nervous processes, and if necessary, help him in this. After determining the characteristics of the nerve processes for each student, the teacher can identify in which areas of professional activity these characteristics are relevant, how they should be considered when choosing a profession.

It should be borne in mind that there is no good and bad such as temperament. A person with any characteristics of his nervous system can find such a professional area in which he can succeed. However, some areas of professional activity impose increased demands on the person, including the characteristics of his nervous system. These requirements must be taken into account when preparing students for a justified choice of profession. These requirements should be considered, correlating them with the types of work in each of the five main areas of professional activity.

1. Occupations such as man-nature (e.g., livestock specialist, agronomist, cynologist, etc.). These are professions related to agriculture, food industry, medicine and scientific research (biology, geography). The peculiarity of the biological objects of the pile consists in the fact that they are complex, variable, non-standard. An employee needs not only to know a lot about living organisms, but to foresee possible changes in them, which are sometimes irreversible. From the person the initiative and independence in the decision of concrete labor tasks, carefulness and foresight is required.

2. Professions such as "man-technician" (for example, a technician is a metallurgist, a mechanical engineer, an architect, an electrical engineer, a builder, a computer assembler, a telecommunications specialist, etc.). This type, in particular, includes professions related to the mining of rocks; production and processing of metal; repair, adjustment and maintenance of technological machines, installations, vehicles; building of buildings; assembly and adjustment of instruments, etc. The employee here requires accuracy, certainty of actions. Since technical objects are created by the person himself, in the world of technology, on the one hand, there are ample opportunities for innovation, fiction, technical creativity, and on the other, a high performing discipline is required.

3. Professions such as "man-man" (for example, a doctor, teacher, psychologist, hairdresser, guide, artistic team leader, etc.). Among this type it is possible to distinguish professions related to teaching and upbringing, production management, medical, household, commercial, information services. For successful work in this type of profession it is necessary not only to be able to establish and maintain contacts with people, but also to have knowledge in the relevant field of production, science, and art. Here you need such qualities as a stable good mood in the process of working with clients, the need for communication, the ability to find a common language with different people, etc.

4. Professions such as "person-sign systems" (for example, an interpreter, engineer, topographer, referent, programmer, etc.). These are professions related to the execution of documents, record keeping, the analysis of texts or their transformation; professions, the subject of labor in which are numbers, quantitative relationships; professions related to the processing of information in the form of a system of conventional signs, schematic images of objects. To successfully work in this area, we need special abilities to mentally immerse ourselves in the world of dry designations, to distract ourselves from the actual object properties of the surrounding world and to concentrate on information that carries certain signs. When processing information in the form of conditional signs, tasks of control, verification, accounting, processing of information, as well as the creation of new signs, sign systems arise.

5. Professions like "man - artistic image" (for example, artist, artist, musician, designer, literary worker). This type includes the profession associated with musical, literary - artistic, acting - stage activities. One of the leading features of this type of profession is that a significant proportion of the work here remains hidden from the outside observer. Moreover, quite often special efforts are made to create the effect of ease, ease of the final result of labor.

Of course, such a division is, in essence, rather arbitrary. For example, for a group of professions such as "man-technics" , in which high-precision manual labor is required (assembling small mechanisms, processing complex parts, etc.), the preferred property of nervous processes is balance. This allows the employee to exercise strict control over his actions, reduce the likelihood of errors when working with various mechanisms.

In this type of profession, it is possible to single out groups of professions, the labor in which is the operator's content, ie, assumes a constant and rapid processing of incoming information and the same rapid response to these or other signals. This is primarily the dispatcher's profession (for example, the air traffic controllers of the airline), the controller, who monitors the progress of various technological processes; Professions related to the management of various modes of transport. Strictly speaking, all these kinds of professions to some extent relate simultaneously to the type of professions man-sign system , as they offer processing of sign information. For these groups of professions, the high mobility of the nervous processes is the preferred characteristic, allowing a rapid transition from one type of reaction to another.

A group of professions associated with monotonous, monotonous work (here it is hardly possible to talk about their belonging to a particular type of profession, such professions can be singled out for any type), also imposes certain requirements on characteristics nervous processes of the person. In the case when the monotony of labor is combined with high intensity, the most preferred property of a person is the strength of his nervous system, which allows him to cope with the demands of his work for a long time.

TEXT OF THE METHOD

1.1. The mood is unstable, there are often swings, rough fun can be replaced by irritation.

1.2. The mood is always smooth, calm.

1.3. The mood is usually upbeat, cheerful, cheerful.

1.4. The mood is usually depressed, often sad.

2.1. Active behavior, high mobility, vigor.

2.2. Behavior calm, smooth and restrained voice, gestures and speech are often slowed down.

2.3. Robust, uncertain behavior, the voice is quiet and weak.

2.4. Fussy behavior, always in a hurry, harsh gestures, often speaks enthusiastically.

3.1. In case of failures, he tries to achieve the goal, does not seek other, easier ways.

3.2. In case of failures, he is very worried, does not want to get down to business again.

3.3. If you fail, you want to find a different, easier way to solve the problem.

3.4. Quickly forgets about failures and again takes up any work.

4.1. Quickly tired, likes to dream and fantasize.

4.2. It works gambling, but for a long time it does not suffice, can throw the begun business.

4.3. He works hard, trying at all costs to bring the matter to an end.

4.4. It takes any work, can immediately grab for several cases.

5.1. In communication he behaves emotionally, laughs loudly, gesticulates.

5.2. Constantly seeks to communicate with surrounding people, tries to stir them up, cheer up.

5.3. Communicating with people, shows modesty and delicacy.

5.4. Does not want to communicate with others, does not like noisy companies, but often communicates with close friends.

6.1. He shares with others joy and sorrow.

6.2. Do not become frank with strangers, only his very close friends believe their feelings.

6.3. All his feelings are trying to survive alone.

6.4. Burno experiences his feelings, can share them with others, even strangers, but not very eager for this.

7.1. Remarks hears calmly, does not argue, but can repeat the same mistake.

7.2. Reacts violently to comments, argues, is justified.

7.3. All comments are carefully listened to, errors are immediately corrected.

7.4. Very upset by any comments, going through.

8.1. After doing some work for a long time can not take on another, feels tired.

8.2. Rarely tired, but difficult to rebuild to another job.

8.3. Easily rebuilds to another job, but can at the same time throw the business started without completing it.

8.4. After performing a difficult task, you can quickly take up another business.

9.1. Burningly experiences resentment and grief, but quickly forgets them.

9.2. Easily experiences resentment and grief, quickly forgets them.

9.3. It's hard for people to experience grievances and grief, they remember them for a long time.

9.4. Deeply experiencing resentment and grief, although outwardly it manifests itself poorly.

10.1. He likes jokes and humor, he does not take offense if he comes to the rally.

10.2. Rarely jokes, often takes offense at jokes.

10.3. He loves and appreciates a good joke, but he prefers not to participate in jokes.

10.4. Likes to make fun of people, often without hesitation, whether it's nice or not.

11.1. Before you get down to business, everything will be carefully thought out and calculated, and if the plans are violated, it often can not be reconstructed.

11.2. He takes any case, without thinking what will happen next; if the situation changes, it can easily change.

11.3. The work plan can create quickly, in the course of its implementation; is also easily reconfigured when the working conditions change.

11.4. It is difficult to make a plan of work because of its indecision, prefers to use it already ready; if the situation changes, often does not know what to do next.

12.1. It is characterized by acute impressionability, especially in the field of aesthetic impressions.

12.2. It does not seek to change impressions, it feels good in the usual sphere.

12.3. He likes bright impressions, constantly changing them, but does not show much activity in the pursuit of them.

12.4. Actively strives to change impressions, very often happens at a party, at exhibitions, etc.

ANSWER BLOCK

Behavior

Sanguine

Choleric

Phlegmatic

Melancholic

1

1.3

1.2

1.1

1.4

2

2.1

2.2

2.4

2.3

3

3.4

3.1

3.3

3.2

4

4.4

4.3

4.2

4.1

5

5.2

5.4

5.1

5.3

6

6.1

6.3

6.4

6.2

7

7.3

7.1

7.2

7.4

8

8.4

8.2

8.3

8.1

9

9.2

9.4

9.1

9.3

10

10.1

10.3

10.4

10.2

11

11.3

11.1

11.2

11.4

12

12.4

12.2

12.3

12.1

Total

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