Concept and introductory remarks on the technique of psychological counseling

The technique of psychological counseling refers to special techniques that the counselor psychologist, acting within the framework of certain counseling procedures, uses to perform these procedures at each of the stages of psychological counseling. Since these steps and procedures have already been considered in the previous chapter, you can directly proceed to a detailed description of the associated psychological counseling techniques.

This technique can be universal, equally successful at every stage of psychological counseling, and specific, more suitable for a particular stage of psychological counseling.

The technique of psychological counseling will be considered in stages in connection with various counseling procedures, especially without identifying methods of counseling that are universal.

Meeting a client in a psychological counseling

As part of the general procedure for meeting the client (the first stage of psychological counseling), the following counselor is advised to use the following technical technique: to choose the place of his location when meeting the client in such a way that at the time of the meeting, face-to-face with the client and put him in his place.

Here you can meet a number of special situations in which you want to behave differently. Let's consider these situations in more detail.

If, after entering the psychological counseling room, the client does not meet anybody, he will probably be lost, and this will definitely affect his further behavior during the consultation. If the client enters the room and sees people who do not pay any attention to the customer, the client can not only be confused, but also offended, especially if it later turns out that among them were a counselor psychologist or his assistant.

The emergence of unexpected obstacles in the way of the client's advancement to his place can also change his psychological attitude not for the better.

However, it is permissible for the client to come to the place of the consultation, but in this case there must be a full guarantee that when searching for his place in the consultation the client will not have a problem.

If the client has already entered the room where the consultation will take place, and those people who are at that time are in the room, meet him sitting, especially if the counselor-psychologist or his assistant do it, the client will almost certainly perceive it as a manifestation inattention and personal disrespect to him. Establish a normal psychological contact with such a client will not be easy.

This recommendation applies not only to the counselor and his assistant, but also to other people who may be at the psychological counseling room at this time. If, for example, the consultant and his assistant get up at the client's entrance to the premises, while other people will continue to sit, the client may also not have very pleasant emotions. The fact is that with other standing people, according to the existing rules of etiquette, you can sit either older people or those who occupy a higher official position. Both of them are not very good for conducting psychological counseling, because according to the existing state of things the most authoritative person in a psychological consultation for a client should be a psychologist-consultant, and not some other person.

The counselor psychologist or his assistant is advisable, indicating to the client the place where he will sit during the consultation, skip ahead and give the opportunity to the first to take his place. This is recommended to do because this action can prevent the client from feeling confused and psychologically determine the situation for him, without putting him in an embarrassing situation, giving him the opportunity to behave uninhibited and completely independently. In addition, already at this moment, watching the client go to his place, how he sits down and what position he takes, the counselor can make a lot of useful conclusions about it for further successful consultation.

If the counselor-psychologist sits in his place first, then the client can perceive this as a demonstration by the consultant of his superiority over him, which is absolutely undesirable for the normal conduct of psychological counseling. It is especially unfavorable that such an action by a counselor psychologist can affect the conduct of a psychological consultation in the event that the client turns out to be an authoritative and self-sufficient person with an increased sense of dignity. In any case, the counselor psychologist should take his place in the psychological counseling either after the client, or simultaneously with him.

It is not recommended to start any special conversations with the client until the client takes his place and settles on it quite conveniently. First, it is impolite to talk with a person on the move, especially when he goes to his seat and sits down. Secondly, the person walking, looking for his place and occupying it, at the time of doing such actions, concentrates his attention mainly on what he does, and therefore will not listen very carefully to what the counseling psychologist says to him. Thirdly, any person who has just come to psychological counseling, at first will not be fully prepared for a serious and meaningful conversation with a counselor psychologist about his problem. The client will either be worried, or remain for some time at the mercy of experiences and thoughts related to his previous affairs. In any case, the client needs time to calm down and psychologically adjust to a serious conversation with the consultant.

At the moment of the client's appearance in the psychological counseling room, there should be quiet, and it is desirable that no one, except the counselor and, possibly, his assistant, be in the room.

If a client enters a non-selected premise of a psychological counseling, it will almost certainly immediately cause him a negative emotional reaction. It is useless and senseless to conduct psychological counseling where chaos and disorder reign. No matter how experienced an expert a counselor psychologist is, he is unlikely to achieve a high result in psychological counseling conducted under similar, unfavorable conditions, since during the consultation his mood will always be bad under the influence of an uncomfortable situation.

If there are many outsiders in the room where psychological counseling is being conducted, it is unclear why the things located here, this can cause confusion and a state of heightened concern for the client, especially if he finds that some of these things can carry for him potential threat (for example, tape recorder, video camera, microphone, etc.). In this case, one can hardly expect to show openness and frankness on the part of the client, especially at the stage of confession.

A few words about the proper clothing of a counselor psychologist. It is desirable that he was dressed unobtrusively, but with taste, not festive, but not too casual. It is not recommended for a counselor psychologist to use clothing, for example a doctor's gown, since this can cause anxiety in the client and unnecessary for the psychological counseling association with the medical institution.

If the client is physically and psychologically healthy, then he can simply be offended by the fact that he is met and treated like a sick person. If he is actually a sick person, but mistakenly turned not to a doctor, but to psychological counseling (for example, due to the fact that he was not able to provide medical care in the medical institutions for which he was counting), the meeting of the person in the dressing gown will again cause he has those unpleasant memories that are associated with his unsuccessful past experience. As a result, he may have a distrust of a specialist psychologist and a lack of faith in what he can do to help him, the client, really.

Too bright clothes of a psychologist-consultant speaks about his extravagance and quite often - about the presence of the very problems of a psychological nature. This can also be unfavorably perceived by the client and give rise to a distrust of the psychologist-counselor.

On the other hand, too festive clothing of a counselor psychologist can look contrasted with the casual clothes of a client, and in this case he will also feel uncomfortable. For example, a client may have a feeling that a psychologist-consultant at this time has some important event, a holiday and he does not have to worry about the client. This, of course, does not adjust the client to a trusting attitude to the consultant and to a thorough discussion with him of what the client is worried about. Finally, the overly simple, casual, almost domestic clothes of a counselor psychologist can lead a client to the idea that the consultant simply does not personally respect him.

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