# Test "Constructive drawing of a person from geometric figures"...

## 1.7.2. Test "Constructive drawing of a person from geometric figures"

The purpose of the test is to identify individual typological differences.

INSTRUCTIONS

You need to draw a human figure made up of ten elements, among which there may be triangles, circles, squares. You can increase or decrease these elements (geometric shapes) in size, overlap each other as needed. It is important that all three of these elements are present in the image of the person, and the sum of the total number of figures used is 10. If you used more figures when drawing, then you need to cross out the extra ones; if you use figures smaller than ten, you need to finish the missing ones. Draw a picture of the instruction.

PROCEDURE FOR RESEARCH AND PROCESSING

The subject is offered three sheets of paper measuring 10x10 cm, each sheet is numbered and signed. On sheet No. 1 the first test pattern is executed, on sheet No. 2 - the second, on sheet No. 3 - the third. After the three figures are executed, the data is processed. If the instruction is violated, the material is not processed.

The data is processed as follows. Counts the number of triangles, circles and squares spent in the image of the man (for each figure separately). The result is written in the form of three-digit numbers, where hundreds denote the number of triangles, tens - the number of circles, units - the number of squares. These three-digit numbers constitute the so-called formula of the figure, by which the subjects are assigned to the corresponding types and subtypes shown in Table. 1.3.

Empirical studies in which more than 2,000 drawings were obtained and analyzed showed that the ratio of various elements in constructive patterns is not accidental. The analysis allows us to distinguish eight basic types, which correspond to the typological characteristics described below.

Table 1.3. The system of individual psychological differences, revealed in the implementation of constructive drawings based on the preference of geometric figures

 901 802 703 604 505 406 307 208 109 910 811 712 613 514 415 316 217 118 019 820 721 622 523 424 325 226 127 028 730 631 532 433 334 235 136 037 640 541 442 343 244 145 046 451 352 253 154 055 460 361 262 163 064 370 271 172 073 2X0 181 082 190 091

INTERPRETATION OF RESULTS

The interpretation of the test is based on the fact that the geometric shapes used in the drawings differ in their semantics. A triangle is usually referred to as "acute", "offensive" figure associated with the male principle. Circle - a streamlined figure, more consonant with compassion, gentleness, roundness, femininity. Of the elements of the square form, constructing something is easier than from the others, so the square, the rectangle is interpreted as a specifically technical constructive figure, the "technical module". The typology, based on the preference for geometric figures, makes it possible to form a kind of "system" individual-typological differences.

Types

As a rule, these are people who are inclined to leading and organizing activities; oriented to socially significant norms of behavior. Can have the gift of good storytellers, based on a high level of speech development. Have a good adaptation in the social sphere; domination over others is held within certain limits. Usually choose a green color (according to M. Lusher) and draw a "Christmas tree" in the Tree test.

Image formulas: 901, 910, 802, 811, 820, 703, 712, 721, 730, 604, 613, 622, 631,640.

Dominance over others is most pronounced in subtypes 90 1, 910, 802, 811, 820; situationally - in the subtypes 703, 712, 721, 730; at the impact of speech on people - the "verbal leader", or the teaching subtype, - 604, 613, 622, 631, 640.

It must be remembered that the manifestation of these qualities depends on the level of mental development. With a high level of development, individual traits are developed, realizable, sufficiently well understood. With a low level of development - can not be identified in professional activities, and be present situationally, worse if inadequate to situations. This applies to all characteristics.

Type II is the "responsible executor".

Possesses many features of the type "manager", being in line with him, however, in making responsible decisions, there are often fluctuations. This type of people is focused on the ability to do business, high professionalism, has a high sense of responsibility and exacting to oneself and others, highly appreciates the rightness, i.e. characterized by heightened sensitivity to truthfulness. Such people often suffer from somatic diseases of nervous origin as a result of overexertion.

Drawing formulas: 505, 514, 523, 532, 541, 550. The third type is an anxious-hypochondriac.

Characterized by a variety of abilities and talents: from subtle manual skills to literary endowments. Usually people of this type are closely within the same profession, they can change it to a completely opposite and unexpected, and also have a hobby, which in fact is the second profession. Physically they do not tolerate clutter and dirt and usually conflict because of this with other people. They differ in increased vulnerability and often doubt themselves. They need soft cheering.

Drawing formulas: 406, 415, 424, 433, 442, 451, 460. In addition, 415 is a "poetic subtype": usually individuals who have such the formula of the picture, possess poetic talent; 424 - subtype of people recognized by the phrase: "How can this work badly? I can not imagine how this can work badly. " People of this type are very careful in their work.

IV type - "scientist".

These people easily abstract from reality, have a conceptual mind, are distinguished by the ability to develop all their theories. They usually have mental balance and rationally think out their behavior.

Picture formulas: 307, 316, 325, 334, 343, 352, 361, 370. The subtype 316 is characterized by the ability to create theories, mostly global, and complex coordination work. Subtype 325 is characterized by great enthusiasm for the knowledge of life, health, interest in biological disciplines, medicine. Representatives of this type are often found among people engaged in synthetic arts: cinema, circus, theatrical spectacular direction, animation, etc.

V type is intuitive.

People of this type have a strong sensitivity of the nervous system, its high exhaustion. They work more easily on the switchability from one activity to another, usually advocates The minority, behind which there are new opportunities. They are characterized by increased sensitivity to novelty. Altruistic, often take care of others, have good manual skills and imaginative imagery, which makes it possible to engage in technical types of creativity. Usually they work out their moral norms, they have internal self-control, i.e. They react negatively to encroachments concerning their freedom, preferring self-control.

208, 217, 226,235, 244, 253,262, 271, 280. The subtype 235 is often found among professional psychologists or persons exhibiting a heightened interest in the psychology of people.

. Subtype 244 has the ability of literary creativity, 217 - the ability to invent. Subtype 226 characterizes the great need for novelty, such people usually put very high criteria of achievement for themselves.

VI type - inventor, designer, artist.

It is often found among people with a technical vein. These are people who have a rich imagination, spatial vision, often engaged in various types of technical, artistic and intellectual creativity. Most often introverted; as well as the intuitive type, live by their own moral standards, do not accept any influences from outside, except for self-control. Emotional, obsessed with their own original ideas.

Drawing formulas: 109, 118, 127, 136, 145,019,028,037,046. The subtype 109 is found among people who have a good command of the audience. Subtype 118 is characterized by the most pronounced constructive capabilities and ability to invent.

The VII type is emotive.

Persons belonging to this type have an increased empathy towards other people, the hard shots of the film are hard to endure; they can be permanently dislodged. They are shocked by the cruel events; pains and cares of other people find participation in them, empathy and sympathy. They spend a lot of their own energy on it, as a result of which it becomes difficult to realize their own abilities.

Drawing formulas: 550, 451, 460, 352, 361, 370, 253, 262, 271, 280, 154, 163, 172, 181, 190,055, 064, 073,082,091.

The VIII type has a tendency opposite to the emotive type.

Usually, such persons do not feel the experiences of other people or treat them with inattention and even increase pressure on them. If this is a good specialist, then he can force others to do what he sees fit. Sometimes it is characterized by callousness, which occurs situationally, when for some reason a person closes in a circle of his own problems.

Drawing formulas: 901, 802, 703, 604, 505,406, 307, 208, 109.

Note

Despite the relative unreliability of the diagnosis, this technique can serve as a good intermediary in the process of communication between the counselor psychologist and the client. Reporting the individual-type characteristic, you can ask the following questions based on the features of the image construction (usually they are answered affirmatively). If available:

• Neck - Are you a vulnerable person? Does it happen that you are too easy to offend? & Quot ;;

• Ears - Are you considered a person who can listen? & quot ;;

• Pocket on the human body - Do you have children? & quot ;;

• Hats on the head in the form of a square or a triangle in one drawing - You. seem to have made a forced concession and are annoyed at this? " If you have a hat in all three images - "Can you say that now you are experiencing a band of constrained position?"

• Completely traced face - Do you consider yourself a sociable person? & quot ;;

• One mouth on the face - Do you like to talk? '& quot ;;

• just one nose - "Do you smell the smell, do you like perfume?"

• images of a circle on the human body - Is it your concern to give someone orders? "

## 1.7.3. Identification of typological features of personality (CG Jung)

There are two options for each question. It is necessary to choose the answer that suits you more, and revenge the letter denoting this answer.

TEST MATERIAL

1. What do you prefer:

a) a few close friends or b) a big comradeship company?

2. What books do you prefer to read:

a) with an entertaining storyline, or b) with the disclosure of the experiences of the characters?

3. What can you rather allow in the work: a) late or b) errors?

4. If you commit a bad deed, then:

a) acute experience, or b) no acute experiences?

5. How do you meet people:

a) quickly, easily or b) slowly, carefully?

6. Do you consider yourself resentful? a) yes; b) no.

7. Are you inclined to laugh, to laugh heartily? a) yes; b) no.

8. Do you consider yourself:

a) silent or b) talkative?

9. Are you frank or secretive? a) frank; b) is secretive.

10. Do you like to analyze your experiences? a) yes; b) no.

11. While in society, do you prefer: a) speak or b) listen?

12. Do you often experience discontent with yourself? a) yes; b) no.

13. Do you like to organize something? a) yes; b) no.

14. Would you like to keep an intimate diary? a) yes; b) no.

15. Quickly, do you move away from execution to execution? a) yes; b) no.

16. Do you easily change your mood? a) yes; b) no.

17. Do you love to persuade others to impose their views? a) yes; b) no.

a) fast or b) slow?

19. You are very worried about possible troubles: a) often or b) rarely?

20 . In difficult cases, you:

a) hurry to seek help from others, or b) do not like to contact?

KEY

Extroversion rates: 16, 2a, 36, 46, 5a, 66, 7a, 86, 9a, 106, Pa, 126, 13a, 146, 15a, 16a, 17a, 18a, 196 , 20a.

PROCESSING RESULTS

Count the number of answers that match the key, and multiply by 5. The result allows you to determine the psychological direction of your personality:

• 0-35 points - introversion;

• 36-65 points - Ambition

• 66-100 points - extraversion.

Extroverts are easy to communicate, have a high level of aggressiveness, a tendency to lead. They like to be in the center of attention, easily tie up contacts, impulsive, open, judge people in appearance, without looking inside; choleric, sanguine.

Introverts are aimed at the world of their own experiences. They are not sociable, they are silent, they hardly make new acquaintances, do not like to take risks, they are experiencing the breaking of old ties. They do not have the options of losing and winning, but there is a high level of anxiety and rigidity. This phlegmatic, melancholic.

Ambiverts are personalities in which there are weak features of both types. They are sociable and closed; passivity and active actions. They have quite stable psychological orientation to the world of external objects (extroversion) and to the inner subjective world (introversion).

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