The general estimation of the person - the Handbook...

3.5.6. General Personality Assessment

For a general assessment of personality, a psychodiagnostic test (PDT) developed by VM Melnikov and LT Yam-Polsky can be used. The method of CTP consists of 174 items grouped into 14 scales, which, in turn, are grouped into two groups: scales of the lower and upper levels.


1. Sometimes I worry about trifles.

2. I usually wake up in the morning fresh and rested.

3. Most of the time, I feel a general weakness.

4. I often worry.

5. Someone is against me.

6. Often different foods seem to me the same taste.

7. It is foolish to condemn a person for deceiving those who allow themselves to be deceived.

8. When I make plans, I often look forward to luck and luck.

9. Sometimes it seems to me that there are too many difficulties and I can not overcome them.

10. Sad thoughts rarely visit me.

11. Whenever I do something (work, eat, move), I often jump from one to another, and do not act deliberately and methodically.

12. I believe that any actions, even hidden, will not go unpunished.

13. I believe that boring everyday work should always be completed, even if it seems that this is not necessary.

14. I am a man of strong convictions.

15. I like to flirt (play a playful conversation, flirt).

16. I like companies where they make fun of each other.

17. I like outdoor games and entertainment.

18. I like riding.

19. I often lose a lot because of my indecisiveness.

20. It's difficult for me to keep up the conversation with unfamiliar people.

21. Often I can barely hide my shyness with only great difficulty.

22. I regularly take part in meetings and other social events.

23. I'm a sociable person.

24. I love parties and noisy funny companies.

25. I'd rather buy a book about the features of public administration in different countries than an art book.

26. I've always been interested in technology, such as cars, airplanes, motorcycles, etc.

27. In the newspaper I will be more interested in the article with the heading "Modern problems of culture and art", than with the heading "Improvement of production and trade."

28. I would like to be a health worker (doctor, nurse, etc.).

29. I would have liked the work of the secretary.

30. Sometimes I'm angry and irritable.

31. I have periods of so much anxiety that I can not even sit still.

32. I'm often told that I'm hot-tempered.

33. I often regret that I am so irritable and grumpy.

34. I do not have enemies who seriously want to harm me.

35. I have strange and unusual thoughts.

36. Almost every day something happens that scares me.

37. Sometimes I like to hurt people I love.

38. At times, I feel useless.

39. My parents were often opposed to my acquaintances.

40. I have a mood when I easily distract from the case, become distracted and dreamy.

41. At times, I feel hatred for the members of my family, whom I usually like.

42. I strictly observe the principles of morality and morality.

43. If I had to lie to a person, I would have to look away, since it would be difficult to look into his eyes.

44. I am indignant that a criminal can be released through the clever defense of a lawyer.

45. I very rarely skipped school lessons.

46. Jokes about death in conversation are quite acceptable and decent.

47. I love to dance.

48. I'm more willing to watch the competition of fencers than boxers.

49. I like fishing (or liked it before).

50. I want to be less shy.

51. When I'm in the company, I'm tormented by the choice of topic for conversation.

52. I'm willing to meet new people.

53. As a child, I was a member of a company where everyone stood for each other.

54. The happiest I feel all alone.

55. In my opinion, it is more interesting to be an engineer than a philosopher.

56. I think that I am more sensitive to the beautiful, aesthetic aspects of life than most people.

57. I'm much more interested in business and material success than in seeking spiritual and artistic values.

58. I love to cook.

59. If I were an artist, I would have liked to draw flowers.

60. I'm quick-tempered, but quickly calmed down.

61. Sometimes I get so excited that it can be difficult for me to fall asleep.

62. I think that my nerves are in order (the same as most people around).

63. Usually I'm calm and I find it difficult to get out of balance.

64. I'm terribly afraid of a thunderstorm.

65. Many people can be accused of depravity.

66. I would have made much greater progress if people treated me better.

67. I have unusual, mystical (mysterious) experiences.

68. Even among people, I feel my loneliness.

69. Dreams in my life take up a lot of space, but I do not tell anyone.

70. My intentions often seem so difficult for me that I refuse them.

71. Most often I have several different hobbies at once, I very rarely get carried away by something for a long time.

72. I always follow a sense of duty and responsibility.

73. I think that there is only one correct understanding of the meaning of life.

74. I like lectures on serious topics.

75. Sometimes I was so amused by the dexterity of the rogue that I began to sympathize with him.

76. I try to avoid unusual statements that confuse others.

77. I would have liked to be a racing driver.

78. Sometimes I tease animals.

79. I would have liked hunting for lions and tigers.

80. I rarely talk with children first.

81. At school it was difficult for me to speak in front of the whole class.

82. I get along with people as easily as others.

83. I would like to meet often outside of work with my friends.

84. I like collective events, because I can be there among people.

85. I'm more willing to spend my vacation in a quiet house away from people and roads than in a busy resort town.

86. I'm more willing to read a good historical novel than a scientific report on the discovery and use of world resources.

87. I love poetry.

88. I would have liked to be a florist.

89. I love children.

90. I am so keenly worried about my troubles that I can not throw them out of my head for a long time.

91. Sometimes, because of the unrest, I lost sleep.

92. It's hard to anger me.

93. I'm so concerned about some things that it's hard even for me to talk about them.

94. I think that almost everyone can lie to avoid trouble.

95. It's safer not to trust anyone.

96. I often notice that people are envious and distrustful of my good ideas only because they are not the first to think up to them.

97. I'm afraid of some objects or people, although I know that they are harmless to me.

98. Often there are situations where it is easy to lose hope of success.

99. Sometimes I praise people I know little about.

100. I easily get confused.

101. I have quite long periods when I can not do anything, because it's hard for me to get myself to get to work.

102. Sometimes it seems to me that I'm not fit for anything.

103. When someone shows stupidity or ignorance, I try to correct it.

104. I like reading books, articles, notes on morality and morality.

105. At school, I often had poor behavioral assessments.

106. I like to make fun of people.

107. Sports games and competitions give me more pleasure if I make a bet (I bet).

108. I love the excitement and tension of a large crowd.

109. I love hunting.

110. I enter without fear and embarrassment into the room where people have already gathered and are conversing.

111. Sometimes, because of my restraint, it can be difficult for me to assert my rights.

112. Getting in a new team, I quickly adapt.

113. I actively participate in the organization of campaigns, games and other collective events.

114. If possible, I try to avoid a large crowd.

115. In production, I would be more interested in dealing with technology than working with people.

116. I prefer food prepared from unusual, exotic foods more than ordinary dishes.

117. If I were a journalist, I would have liked to write about the theater.

118. I was always very attracted to games with dolls.

119. I think that I would have liked the tailor's work for a woman's dress.

120. I take everything to heart.

121. Waiting is getting on my nerves.

122. Once a week or more often I am excited or excited.

123. I feel everything more sharply than others.

124. I think that they are following me.

125. Most of the time, I feel that my head and nose are filled with something.

126. At times I want to damage myself or someone around me.

127. People are indifferent and indifferent to what can happen to others.

128. Bad, often even terrible words come to me, and I can not get rid of them.

129. At times I really wanted to leave home forever.

130. My behavior depends heavily on the behavior of people around me.

131. I prefer to act impulsively, under the influence of the moment, even if this leads to further difficulties.

132. I can refer to the disease in order to avoid anything unpleasant.

133. I believe that people should give up all drinking.

134. Any dirt scares me and causes disgust.

135. I like to talk about sexual (love) topics.

136. It gives me pleasure to play jokes without malice.

137. I am confused by indecent jokes.

138. If there is a need, I will be able to organize and lead my comrades.

139. For recreation, I prefer reading or other intellectual pursuits to active mobile games and entertainment.

140. In the company, I feel a little uncomfortable and because of this I make an impression worse than I could.

141. If people in the store or on the street watch me, I feel somewhat uncomfortable.

142. I find it difficult to express my thoughts in words, so I do not engage in conversation with such willingness as others.

143. I did not like being around people.

144. If a collective event or trip is planned, I'm always happy to join the company.

145. I could be happy living alone in the hut among the forests and mountains.

146. On TV, I'm more eager to watch a show about new inventions than a concert.

147. Sometimes I'm unyielding and stubborn simply because of the principle, not because it's important to me.

148. I would like to be a singer.

149. I like to collect flowers and grow houseplants.

150. I'm more impressed than most people.

151. I easily lose patience in dealing with people.

152. Sometimes a trifle takes possession of my thoughts and bothers me for several days.

153. Criticism and comments in my address do not hurt me much.

154. Sometimes it seems to me that I am on the verge of a nervous breakdown.

155. Often, my actions are misunderstood by others.

156. I believe that many people are able to commit a dishonest act for profit.

157. I was rarely punished without a reason.

158. Something is plotting against me.

159. The habits of some members of my family make me very annoyed.

160. I rarely have a bad mood.

161. Sometimes, I refuse to start a business because I do not believe in myself.

162. There are nervous people in my family.

163. It annoys me when a woman smokes.

164. I believe that compliance with laws is mandatory.

165. Almost always I feel the need for thrill.

166. In conversations with representatives of the opposite sex, I avoid any delicate topics that can cause confusion.

167. I like playing cards, dominoes and other games for money.

168. If I were a journalist, I would have liked to write about sports.

169. Sometimes I force my friends to go somewhere, although they say that they would like to stay at home.

170. I believe in miracles.

171. If you need to speak or express your opinion, then the presence of a large number of people confuses me a little.

172. I easily get confused.

173. It was easy and interesting for me to answer questions.



Scale name

Grouping responses by cups

Maximum Score

1. Scales of the lower level



True: 2, 3,4, 31, 32, 33, 34, 61, 32, 91, 92. 94, 121, 122, 123, 124 , 151, 152, 153, 154, 155. Invalid;




True; 5,6,7,8, 36, 37,38,65,66,67,68,95,96, 97,98, 125, 126, 127, 128,156,157,158,159. Invalid: 35




True: 9, 10, 12, 39, 40,4 !, 42, 69, 70, 71, 72, 99, 100, 101, 102, 103, 131,132,133,160, 162, 163.

Invalid: 11, 161




True: 13, 14, 15,43, 44, 45, 73, 74, 75, 104, 105, 134, 135, 164,165




True: 16, 17,46,47,76, 106, 107, 108, 136, 137, 166,168. Invalid: 77, 138, 167



Overall Activity

True: 18, 19,48,50, 78, 79, 80, 108, 109, 110, 139, 140, 169, 170. Invalid: 49



Robustness, shyness

True: 20,21,22,51,52,81,82, 101, 141, 142, 143.

Invalid: 53,83, 111, 113




True: 23, 24, 25, 53, 54, 84, 85, 86, 114. 145. Invalid: 55, 115,116, 144, 146



Aesthetic impressionability

True: 26, 28, 56, 57, 58, 87, 88, 89, 117, 118, 147, 148, 149. Invalid: 27, 119




True: 29, 30, 59, 60, 89, 90, 120, 149, 150. Invalid: 119


2. Top-level scales


Mental unbalance

True: 2.4, 10, 11.32, 39.41.69, 71.99, 121, 124, 151, 153, 154, 155,162,173 . Invalid: 161




True: 16, 17, 106, 107, 166.

Invalid: 13, 15,43,44,45, 73, 77, 136, 165,





True: 21, 22, 51, 52, 81, 82, 112, 115, 141, 142, 143.

Invalid: 24, 25, 53, 83, 84, 111, 113, 114, 172




True: 26, 28, 29, 56, 88, 89, 117, 118, 120, 147, 150, 171. Invalid : 27,58, 119



The answer that matches the key is estimated at one point. The results of psychodiagnostic testing are interpreted on the basis of the estimates received by each subject.

Characteristics of the scales of the ACS Scales of the lower level


The most common features of individuals with high marks on the scale of neuroticism are high anxiety, excitability in conjunction with rapid exhaustion. These features relate them to persons with a weak type of nervous system (NA). In the case of high values ​​of the neuroticism factor, as in the case of a weak type of HC, the leading feature is a decrease in the thresholds of excitability, an increased sensitivity, so that low-value and indifferent stimuli easily cause inadequate rapid outbursts of stimulation and excitation. Usually those functions that are marked by increased excitability are characterized by increased exhaustion and fatigue, so the increased excitability of individuals with high values ​​of this factor, as well as those with a weak type of HC, is combined with increased exhaustion, which manifests itself in the rapid extinction of outbreaks, tearfulness in anger and a transient faint-heartedness.

For persons with low ratings , the neurotic factor is characterized by calmness, ease, emotional maturity, objectivity in evaluating oneself and others, constancy in plans and attachments. Such people are active, active, initiative, ambitious, prone to rivalry and competition. They are distinguished by seriousness and realism, a good understanding of reality, high self-discipline. They do not hide from themselves their own shortcomings and misses, do not get upset because of trifles, feel well-adjusted, willingly obey group norms. Apparently, the overall picture of their behavior is characterized by a sense of strength, vivacity, health, freedom from anxiety, neurotic stiffness, reassessing themselves and their personal problems and from excessive concern about possible rejection by others.


Most of all individuals with high marks on the scale psychoticism characterize autism, detachment, isolation from the events of the surrounding world. These people live as if outside of time and space. All their actions, feelings, experiences are much more subordinate to internal, endogenous laws than exogenous influences from the environment. As a consequence, their thoughts, feelings and actions seem unmotivated, strange and paradoxical. In life, they are usually considered cranks, visionaries, strange, eccentric people. Everything in the guise of these people is striking in its originality and vivid personality. Already the very manner of holding, gestures, facial expressions highlight them, attract attention.

Common to the motor skills of these people is the lack of naturalness, harmony and smoothness. In some, it manifests itself in mannerisms and pretentiousness, in others in stylization, in others - in extreme poverty and stereotyped movements. Especially a lot of peculiarity in their speech. Most striking is the lack of unity between the content of utterances and the paralinguistic accompaniment. Some people are struck by sophistication, pomposity, others - by pretentiousness, ornate, thirdly, on the contrary, by monotony, stereotypedness, anemia, emotional inexpressiveness of speech.

Individuals with low scores on the scale psychoticism characterized by standard, stereotyped, lack of identity and originality in thinking and behavior. All events, the whole surrounding world are perceived by them in a mirror image, with minimal subjective distortions. In the same way as in mirrors, in them there is only that which is in their environment. The main feature of such persons is a complete fusion with the environment, any lack of individuality and uniqueness. Their thoughts, clothing, demeanor completely correspond to what is today considered to be a sign of good taste in their environment. Tomorrow, group assessments will change, and these individuals will easily, without internal hesitations and doubts, strive for what yesterday seemed to them shameful and reprehensible. About them you can say that they are what their environment is.

They do not want to lag behind their surroundings or stand out from it, so the degree of socialization of their behavior largely depends not only on themselves, but also on the group under whose influence they are. Due to their lack of autonomy and increased suggestibility, they are also exposed to the bad influence of the environment. Disgruntled and weak-willed, falling into an antisocial company, they easily absorb psychopathic forms of behavior, become loose and unrestrained.

In favorable social conditions, their behavior does not externally differ from the behavior of most surrounding people. They seem neat, compulsory, conscientious and peace-loving, not inclined to envy and rivalry, readily submit to authority and authority, do not show self-will and ambition. However, even in a favorable situation, their behavior is characterized by a small initiative and insufficient independence. They are able to achieve success only in activities that do not require constant personal activity and initiative. Since the socialization of these individuals is reflected, they need constant attention, control, support and example.


High scores on the scale of depression are typical for those with low mood. Constantly gloomy, sullen, fenced off, immersed in their own experiences, they cause dislike, irritation among others. They can be considered arrogant, inaccessible, avoiding communication because of excessive conceit. However, outside the facade of aloofness and gloom hides sensitivity, emotional responsiveness, constant readiness for self-sacrifice. In a close circle of close friends, they lose their stiffness and isolation, come to life, become cheerful, talkative, even jokers and humorists.

In their deeds, they are characterized by diligence, conscientiousness, compulsion, combined with conformism and indecision, inability to make a decision without hesitation and uncertainty. Any activity for them is difficult, unpleasant, proceeds with a feeling of excessive mental stress, quickly tires, causes a feeling of complete impotence and exhaustion. They are especially sensitive to the intellectual load. It is difficult to achieve from them a prolonged intellectual tension. Quickly tired, they lose the arbitrariness of controlling mental processes, complain about a general feeling of heaviness, "laziness", emptiness in the head, coming inhibition. Apparently, the general psychomotor inhibition that accompanies a decrease in mood, which is also manifested in the slowness of speech and thinking, affects here. They are often reproached for slowness, inoperability, lack of perseverance and determination. Most often they are not capable of a long-term strong-willed effort, easily lost, fall into despair. In what they have done they see only blunders and mistakes, and in the forthcoming - insurmountable difficulties. Especially painful they experience real troubles, can not throw them out of their heads, again and again blame themselves for all mortal sins. The events of past and present life, regardless of their actual content, evoke in them remorse, an oppressive premonition of misfortunes and misfortunes.

Low scores on the scale of depression reflect natural vitality, vigor and enterprise. Such people are rich, flexible and versatile in their psyche, ease in interpersonal relationships, self-reliance, success in carrying out various activities that require activity, enthusiasm and determination. However, the lack of constraint and the lack of control over their impulses can lead them to overlook, failure to fulfill promises, inconsistency, carelessness, which in turn is fraught with loss of trust and resentment from comrades.


For individuals with high values ​​ factor conscientiousness characteristic features such as a sense of responsibility, conscientiousness, perseverance of moral principles. In their behavior they are guided by a sense of duty, strictly observe ethical standards, always strive to fulfill social requirements. These people are deeply decent not because they follow their behavior, but because of their internal standards and exactingness to themselves. They respect the moral standards, are accurate and accurate in their affairs, love order in everything, respect laws, do not go to dishonest deeds, even if it does not threaten any consequences. High conscientiousness is usually combined with good self-control and the desire to establish universal values. This factor positively correlates with the success of training and the level of achievements in the social sphere. It is typical for people whose profession requires accuracy, compulsion and conscientiousness: administrators, lawyers, notaries, proofreaders, etc.

Individuals with low scores for the "conscientiousness" factor " differ in inconstancy, evade their duties, ignore generally accepted rules, do not make efforts to comply with social requirements and cultural norms, disdain for moral values, for their own benefit they are capable of dishonesty and lies. Low ratings for the given factor are characteristic for asocial psychopaths and offenders.


High scores on the disinhibition scale testify to the lack of social conformity, poor self-control and impulsiveness, which, apparently, is due to insufficient socialization of drives, inability or unwillingness to restrain or delay the satisfaction of one's desires. These individuals have a strong desire for acute affective experiences, in the absence of which a sense of boredom prevails. The need for stimulation and exciting situations makes them unbearable for any delay. They tend to satisfy their desires immediately in direct behavior, not seriously thinking about the consequences of their actions, act impulsively and ill-conceived. Therefore, they do not benefit from their negative experience, they repeatedly experience difficulties of the same nature.

With superficial contacts, they produce a favorable impression due to freedom from constraints, relaxedness and self-confidence. They are talkative, willingly participate in collective events, vividly respond to any events that occur (messages, spectacles, incidents, etc.), find novelty, interest even in everyday petty affairs. However, the lack of restraint and discretion can lead to various excesses (drunkenness, idleness, neglect of one's duties), which can not but repel others.

Low scores on the disinhibition scale testify to the increased identification with social requirements, conformity, compliance, restraint, caution of behavior, perhaps, a narrowing of the range of interests and a weakening of drives. To such persons all seems boring and uninteresting, they are all indifferent and tired. They do not see anything attractive in events that entice others, they also do not have their own hobbies, they do not like changes, they take a cautious approach to the new, prejudice, they appreciate compulsion more than giftedness.

Overall Activity

Persons with high marks on the scale of general activity are distinguished by inexhaustible energy, stenichnost, enterprise, active achievement of goals. They can not remain idle for a long time, even on vacation they find themselves some kind of occupation, spend holidays in hikes, hunting or in an expedition. They are drawn to active, preferably physical activity; They avoid meticulous, painstaking work, do not like to sit in classrooms and laboratories, interfere in all, strive to be the direct participants of all events and for this they are ready to rush to the end of the world, endure inconveniences, endure adversities and dangers. In a team, even casual and temporary, they naturally take on the role of leader. They are able to rally people, properly distribute duties, carry them along. Such people are easily obeyed, obeyed, with their requirements considered.

Low scores on the scale of general activity indicate passivity, lack of initiative, increased fatigue. Persons with low overall activity are slow in movements, are not very efficient, are inactive, are not energetic enough. Most often these are homebodies who appreciate peace, comfort, prefer sitting, desk work. They have a poorly expressed desire for achievements and success, they try not to take on extra responsibilities, shy away from additional duties, willingly admit that their work was performed by other people.

Robustness, shyness

High scores for the factor "shyness, shyness" evidence of shyness, indecisiveness and insecurity. Such people are afraid of everything, avoid risky situations, unexpected events are met with concern, from any changes, only troubles are awaited. If necessary, the decision to either excessively fluctuate, or delay its adoption for a long time and do not begin to implement it. The phase of struggle of motives and fluctuations is tightened up to impossibility of transition to the decision. In communication they are shy, constrained, shy, try not to stand out, stay in the shade and not interfere in anything. Large companies are avoided, a narrow circle of old, trusted friends is preferred to wide communication.

Low scores for the factor "timidity, shyness" people have courageous, resolute, risk-prone, they are not lost when confronted with unfamiliar things and circumstances. Decisions take quickly and immediately begin to implement them, do not know how to wait patiently, do not tolerate braces and hesitations, duality and ambivalence. In the collective they are free, independent, even slightly impudent, allow themselves liberties, like to interfere with everything, be always in sight. Low estimates for this factor are found in persons whose profession is associated with risk (acrobats, pilots, racing drivers, firemen, stuntmen, etc.).


For the high value the sociability factor is characterized by the richness and brightness of emotional manifestations, naturalness and ease of behavior, willingness to cooperate, sensitive, attentive attitude towards people, kindness and kindheartedness. Such persons are sociable, have many close friends, and in friendship they are caring, sympathetic, warm in relations, always show a lively share in the fate of their comrades, they know about their experiences, joys and cares. They themselves experience and rejoice with them, actively help others, take a hot part in their personal lives. They have a wide range of friends, acquaintances, easily converge with people. They are drawn to, in their society everyone feels comfortable and calm. They themselves feel better in public, alone are bored, looking for a society, willingly participate in all group activities, like working and relaxing in a team.

For the low value , the traits of sociability are typical features such as flatness, weakness of affect, lack of vibrant emotions, coldness, formality of interpersonal relationships. Individuals with low ratings on this factor avoid closeness, are not interested in the life of their comrades, support only external forms of comradely relations, their acquaintances are superficial and formal. The society of people does not attract them, they like solitude, contact, communication is burdensome, they prefer to "communicate" with books and things. On their own initiative do not communicate with anyone other than the next of kin.

Aesthetic Impressions

For people with high marks on a scale of aesthetic impressionability, judgments about life are directly sensual, intuitive. They are endowed with a rich imagination, imagination, inclined to hobbies, easily come to delight. In life's actions, sympathies and attachments rely on feelings and impressions, do not believe in logic and calculation, do not pay attention to current and everyday affairs and duties. In behavior they lack sense of responsibility, realism, the ability to distinguish fiction from reality. Their thinking lacks orderliness, order and connectivity, judgment - maturity and common sense, and perception of life - sobriety and depth. By occupation, a high aesthetic impression is characteristic of persons of creative professions: artists, artists, scientists, etc. Works that require vigilance, prolonged concentration, attention, are badly treated by such persons.

Low scores on a scale of aesthetic impression are characteristic of mature, balanced, sane people, well-oriented in everyday important things, soberly assessing circumstances and people. They have a rational, abstract type of thinking, memory and perception. To all life events they come up with a logical measure, they seek rational explanations and practical benefits. In their judgments, verbal-mental evaluations prevail, when confronted with an unfamiliar situation, they rely on abstract reasoning and cause-effect relationships. Immediate perception is weakly expressed, so in unexpected situations, they may lack imagination and resourcefulness. People with these characteristics tend to engage in theoretical activities: philosophy, mathematics, literary criticism, etc.


People with high marks on the scale of femininity are sensitive, prone to unrest, soft, compliant, modest in behavior, but not in self-esteem. They have broad, diverse, poorly differentiated interests, developed imagination, a craving for fantasy and aesthetic pursuits. They show an interest in philosophical, moral and ethical and philosophical questions and at times demonstrate excessive concern with personal problems, a tendency to self-analysis and self-criticism. This immersion in personal problems and experiences is neither neurotic nor infantile. They have increased interest in people and the nuances of interpersonal relationships, they are aware of the driving forces of human behavior. They are able to accurately feel other people, are able to express their thoughts emotionally, to interest others with their problems, gently, without pressure, to incline them to their side. In behavior they lack courage, determination and perseverance. They are passive, dependent, avoid rivalry, easily concede, obey, freely accept help and support.

Low marks on the scale of femininity testify to courage, enterprise, the desire for self-affirmation, risk appetite, quick, decisive action without sufficient reflection and justification. The interests of such people are narrow and practical, judgments are sober and realistic, they lack originality and originality in behavior. They try to avoid complex, confused situations, neglect shades and semitones, do not understand the true motives of their own and other people's behavior, condescend to their weaknesses, are not inclined to reflect and introspection, like sensual pleasures, believe in power, and not in art.

Upper level scales

Mental unbalance

High marks for the factor of mental imbalance indicate a state of disadaptation, anxiety, loss of control over drives, marked disorganization of behavior. In frank stories about myself, complaints of insomnia, chronic fatigue and exhaustion, inferiority and inability, helplessness, loss of strength, inability to concentrate, to understand one's own experiences, feelings of unbearable loneliness and much more predominate. Such people are characterized by others as tense, nervous, conflict, stubborn, fenced off, selfish and disordered in behavior. The lack of conformity and discipline is the most frequent external characteristic of their behavior. A more detailed individual characteristic of persons with a high level of behavioral disorder can be obtained from the scores on the lower-level scales forming this factor (scales 1, 2 and 3).

Low ratings on the factor of mental imbalance indicate the absence of internal tension, freedom from conflicts, self-satisfaction and success, readiness to follow norms and requirements.


High marks on the scale of asociality are evidence of moral inferiority, the lack of higher social feelings. For such persons, a sense of pride, duty, love, shame, etc. - empty words. They are indifferent to praise and punishment, neglect duties, do not take into account the rules of the hostel and moral and ethical norms. With a decrease in spiritual interests, vital impulses are strengthened. Such people are distinguished by a great love for sensual pleasures and pleasures, and the craving for pleasures and thrills is stronger than any delays and limitations. They seek immediate, immediate satisfaction of their desires, regardless of the circumstances and opinion of others. Criticism and remarks are perceived as an encroachment on personal freedom. They experience hostile feelings towards those persons who, to some extent, try to control their behavior, make them stay within socially acceptable limits.

Despite the violent affects in the occurrence of desires and the activity in obtaining satisfaction, their desires are unstable. Fast satiety with a sense of boredom and irritation. Previously ready for anything to satisfy their passions, they suddenly become not just cold or indifferent, but vicious and cruel. It gives them special pleasure to show their power, to force the suffering of close people, whose locations they so recently strenuously sought. Extreme selfishness and self-love determine all their actions and behavior. To satisfy their own desires and ambition, they are ready to expend a lot of energy and energy, but do not consider it necessary to fulfill their obligations to other people.

Low scores on the scale of asociality indicate an increased identification with social norms, conformity, compliance, modesty, dependence, possible narrowness of the circle of interests. Individuals with low grades of the submitted scale are inactive, constrained, timid, soft, content already available and available. In their activities, they lack strength and perseverance, especially in achieving purely personal goals. They are submissive, compliant, excessively easily agree with authority and authority, are always ready to listen and accept advice from a more senior or experienced person, their own activity activity is inadequate.

This factor forms the fourth and fifth scales of the lower level.


High marks on the scale of introversion testify to difficulties in contacts, seclusion, lack of self-determination, aspiration for activities not connected with broad communication. Introverted subjects in situations of forced communication are easily disorganized, do not know how to choose an adequate line of conduct, keep themselves stiffly, then excessively cheeky, nervous, easily lose their emotional balance. Perhaps, for this reason, they are trying to maintain a distance in the relationship. However, they do not affect their estrangement, they just try to stay in the shadows, not interfering in anything or imposing their own point of view. They are not peculiar to intimacy and intrigue, they respect the rights of others, value individuality and identity in people, believe that everyone has the right to their own opinion. They pay much attention to work, see the meaning of life in this, appreciate professionalism and skill, consider a well-done work as a personal reward.

Low scores on the scale of introversion are characteristic of persons who are extraverted, active, ambitious, striving for public recognition, leadership, do not hesitate to pay attention to them, do not feel embarrassed in communication, establishing contacts, willingly taking on the leading roles in the relationship with others. Such people have great social dexterity, lively speech, high activity, skilfully assess the relationships in the team and are able to use other people to achieve their own goals. They attach great importance to social success, by all means achieve public recognition of their personal merits, than they can cause discontent on the part of those people with whom they have to deal.

This factor forms the sixth, seventh and eighth scales of the lower level.


High marks on the factor of sensitivity indicate a fine spiritual organization, sensitivity, vulnerability, artistry, artistic perception of the environment. Persons with high ratings on this factor do not tolerate rude words, rude people and rough work. Real life easily injures them. They are soft, feminine, immersed in fantasy, poetry and music; animals their needs are not of interest. Although in behavior they are courteous, polite and delicate, they try not to cause inconvenience to other people, they do not use special love of the collective, as they frequently bring disorganization and disagreements into a purposeful, established group activity, prevent the group from going along the realistic path, distract members from the main activity .

Low scores but the factor of sensitivity occurs in persons emotionally mature, not prone to fantasy, thinking soberly and realistically. Their interests are narrow and uniform, subjective and spiritual values ​​do not interest them, art does not carry, science seems boring, overly abstract and divorced from life. In their behavior they are guided by reliable, real tangible values, without personal gain they do nothing. The successes of other people and their own are assessed by material wealth and official position. Although they lack sensitivity and tactfulness in communication, they enjoy sympathy, respect, their coarseness and sharpness often does not offend, but attracts people, they see not expressions of anger, but frankness and frankness.

This factor forms the ninth and tenth scales of the lower level.

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