The hyperlink between anorexia and depression

Anorexia is an eating disorder where people starve themselves. Anorexia usually starts in young people around the onset of puberty. Individuals experiencing anorexia have extreme weight damage. Weight loss is usually 15% below the person's normal body weight. People suffering from anorexia are incredibly skinny but think that they are heavy. Fat loss is obtained by many ways. A number of the common techniques used are abnormal exercise, intake of laxatives and not eating.

Anorexics own an intense concern with becoming unwanted fat. Their dieting behaviors develop from this fear. Anorexia mainly impacts adolescent girls. It really is hypothesized that anorexia causes severe depression that may lead to committing suicide.

Review Of literature

According to J Nerv Ment Dis (1997) this study evaluated the partnership between eating disorder and intensity of depression in depressed outpatients before and after antidepressant treatment and assessed the effect of treatment on eating disorder. One hundred thirty-nine outpatients (82 women and 57 men) with major depressive disorder (MDD) filled out the eating disorder inventory (EDI) before and after 8 weeks of treatment with fluoxetine 20 mg/day. Diagnoses of MDD and possible eating disorders were made with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R-Patient Release.

Several EDI subscales correlated significantly with intensity of depression both at baseline and endpoint. On top of that, all EDI subscales revealed a statistically significant cut down pursuing fluoxetine treatment, and changes in depression intensity pursuing treatment were significantly related to changes in EDI, ineffectiveness, perfectionism, and social distress subscale scores. These results suggest that several symptoms attribute of eating disordered patients are linked to the seriousness of depressive symptoms. Lowers in eating disorder pursuing antidepressant treatment may be related to changes in depressive symptoms.

According to Grubb HJ, Retailers MI, Waligroski K (1993). To test that women experiencing some type of eating disorder would experience lower self-esteem and higher depression and this women with lower self-esteem and increased depression would rate their attractiveness lower to see themselves as heavier than less despondent individuals, 42 university undergraduate women were individually implemented the Eating Disorders Inventory, Beck Depression Inventory, Coppersmith Self-esteem Inventory, and a Body Image/Attractiveness Perception Scale. A Pearson correlation indicated a considerable relation between results on depression and ratings on eating disorders, but non-significant worth between self-esteem results and scores on either eating disorders or on depression. Depression ratings correlated significantly with rated body size, but not attractiveness, while self-esteem results were significantly correlated with rated elegance, not body size.

According to Herzog DB, Keller MB, Sacks NR, Yeh CJ, Lavori PW, (1992). Current and life span psychiatric diagnoses were compared in 229 feminine patients seeking treatment for current episodes of anorexia nervosa (N = 41), bulimia nervosa (N = 98) and blended anorexia nervosa and Schizophrenia-Lifetime Version, that was modified to add a section for DSM-III-R eating disorders, the Longitudinal Interval Follow-up Analysis, and the Structured Interview for DSM-III Personality Disorders. Seventy-three percent of the anorexia nervosa subject matter, 60% of the bulimia nervosa topics, and 82% of the blended anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa subjects had a current comorbid Axis I diagnosis. Major depression was the most commonly diagnosed comorbid disorder. Low rates of alcoholic beverages and substances mistreatment disorder were diagnosed, and personality disorder happened in a minority of the sample. The topics with mixed disorder manifested an increased life time prevalence of kleptomania than either the anorexics or the bulimics. High degrees of co morbidity were observed over the eating disorder samples. Combined disorder things manifested the most co morbid psychopathology and especially warrant further review.

Methodology

In my research Ill use a correlational strategy as Im studying the partnership between anorexia and depression and emotional effects. A 15 question survey was designed to collect My data considering selection of items concerning Fat loss, diets, body image, eating disorders, It was allocated on 25 senior high school and university or college students The age of the members ranged from 16 to 22, the members were high education students the gender structure was all females. The individuals attained a library a designed learning location they were seated and handed the questionnaire after they were provided by some information about the analysis and it's target they needed their time plus they remaining and the questionnaire was examined and then grouped to review the relation ship between anorexia and depression.

Results

There were some significant results found, there is a positive relation between anorexia and depression there is certainly association of psychological changes with eating disorders and it was also discovered that antidepressants improve the eating disorder patients.

Discussion

The results reinforced the hypothesis and similar studies (J Nerv Ment Dis, 1997. ) and (Grubb HJ, Sellers MI, Waligroski K, 1993. )that anorexia is associated with depression as a result of feeling patients believe that they aren't good looking and they hate their body image and with the treatment of depression the eating disorder is advanced.

Conclusion

This study highlighted the relationship between anorexia and depression and that it impacts people psychologies and it examined the anti depressant influence on the improvement of patients basic condition. Depression is related significantly with body image and anorexia triggers lower self esteem.

But there will need to have been a review for the anorexic members of the family to learn how their condition during the day is and exactly how they see themselves.

For further researches I suggest a more broad review includes anorexic patients and members of the family to obtain additional accurate results thats guarantee the aim of the analysis.

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