Theories Of Guidance And Psychotherapy

What is psychoanalytic theory and who is its creator? Where performed this theory originate and why is it important to mindset today? What are its advantages and weaknesses? How exactly does it influence psychology today and how will it really compare to Christian rules? The psychoanalytic theory is a sophisticated and multifaceted proven fact that still commands for research and revision to this day. This paper will understand this intricate and multifaceted theory hoping of responding to all the previous questions also to bring a greater understanding for the groundbreaking theory that arranged psychology into a new time of knowledge.



According to Rangell (2006) "Inside the hundred-year record of psychoanalysis, a new science and therapeutic discipline come to a peak, endured a decrease, and has resolved right down to have its long lasting role objectively evaluated" (p. 217) And because of this turbulent record its probably best recognized by starting where it started and by first examining the life span of its originator, Sigmund Freud. Sigmund Freud started out life in 1856 and was the first child of eight in his family. His parents lived in poverty and soon after Freud was switched 4 years of age they moved and settled in Vienna. Freud would continue to attend a prominent high school and was an excellent scholar and graduated with honors. Although his parents were poor his parents did everything they could to help provide him with the perfect education.

Following senior high school Freud continued to study in the medical field. He worked with Europe's finest and most popular neurologist, Jean-Martin Charcot. It was while working and learning with Charcot, Freud would find himself most attracted to the practice of medical psychopathology. Charcot's niche was in hysteria and hypnotherapy. Freud although greatly respectable Charcot's work would in the end reject the thought of hypnosis and would flip toward favoring ideas such as free connection, dream analysis, and discussing through problems. For this time he would marry his better half, Martha Bernays and start his own medical practice focusing on neurology. Soon after doing this he began to utilize his neurotic patients and this work would lead to the introduction of terms like repression and psychosomatic, and eventually the development of the psychoanalytic theory.

Psychoanalytic theory is a theory that came out of a period when there is hardly any known about the analysis of human habit and how it related to the human head. Psychoanalytic theory was the first theory that helped bring focus on the complexity of the human being mind and human being behavior and how those two related to one another. Sigmund Freud developed this new strategy after going through his own personal analysis of his personal life. In many ways in ways that it was Freud's own personal discovery that theory was originated. Only by looking again at his own youth was Freud able to discover his repressed thoughts and thoughts toward his parents. It was this self finding that laid out the plans for the basis of the psychoanalytic theory.

Freud was able to develop a theory that looked to incorporate personality and healing ways to help make clear ones thoughts and actions to ones unconscious motives and issues. Sugarman and Kanner (2000) reported, "Thus, psychoanalytic theory allows one to organize and to describe a important relationship among bits of data that might seem independent and unrelated without such a model. " (p. 5). Freud was the first ever to develop a mental health therapeutic technique from his psychoanalytic theory. He have so by putting forth a theory that talks about bringing repressed feelings from the unconscious to the mindful. Thereby giving insight into the roots with their disorders and a way to help them come to terms with their thoughts and increase from the experience.


In spite of most that theory has contributed to the analysis of psychoanalysis and psychotherapy, it still has many weaknesses. Among its biggest weaknesses is the fact that it lacks empirical facts to aid the theories sophisticated nature. Critics of this theory argue that the theory relies so heavily on therapeutic accomplishments and therefore has less reliability in the methodical community. Another weakness that psychoanalytic theory faces is the types of methods or techniques used, such as wish analysis, free relationship, and interpretation. The ultimate weakness that Freud's psychoanalytic theory faces is that lots of believe that it's not a science and far of its key key points which it's predicated on are inaccurate or just have no empirical evidence to aid it.


However, regardless of the theories many weaknesses it persists to this day to provide the foundation for the countless new psychotherapy techniques employed by therapists today. One of the psychoanalytic theory's ideal advantages is how it offers stood the test of time and continues to be an innovative and a cutting edge theory. In addition this theory has helped to lead to the development of new theories and is also a thorough theory that can in most cases match other theories. Also this theory can be used and applied in a sensible way and is still acknowledged by others in the field even today.

Personal Evaluation

After much examination into the psychoanalytic theory, I believe the best flaw I've found in my evaluation was about how the idea itself was originated. The fact that Freud developed such a theory from his own personal self discovery of looking at his childhood interactions with his family to say minimum is missing a degree of objectivity. Looking at your own personal memories and wanting to be objective is difficult to say the least. A lot of what you can bear in mind can simply be manipulated or misrepresented. My thoughts are put together upon this because in one hand I observe how that has helped him generate a theory that propelled psychology to a complete new world of review, but I also see it as an enormous leap with no technological basis or objectivity.

Another flaw I found after exploring Freud's views on religion and God was that regardless of the fact that Freud did not have confidence in the presence of God, he still intentionally or unintentionally integrated Christian key points in his work. Freud regardless of his endeavors to starting his theory on natural and instinctual assumptions, a lot of his work discloses Christian principles. For example when Freud reviewed the principles of unconscious and conscious he referred to the unconscious as the wicked do it yourself and the mindful as the moral do it yourself. Both Freud and Christian principles acknowledge that man is sinful and are afflicted by the unconscious or evil personal. And both Christianity and Freud give a methods to redeem or rules to beat the unconscious or evil self.

Another exemplory case of a parallel between Freud's work and Religious principles is seen with the idea of moral law. Inside the Bible, it talks about how man has generated into them the data of knowing right from wrong and this no man can surpass this moral legislation and therefore no man is perfect. And this is actually what Freud is talking about with his concept of the id as a home seeking potentially destructive entity of the individuals psyche. These two concepts essentially will be the same idea only worded so that God is actually hidden in the background. Parallels like these is seen between Christian rules and Freud's psychoanalytic theory and throughout a lot of his other work.

All in all Sigmund Freud was a pioneer of his time. Freud developed the to begin what would end up being the basis for psychotherapy and the near future development of new theories designed to help further the mindset field. In many ways without Freud's insights into his own personal life and memories, we wouldn't have advanced so far as we have today. In many ways we owe Sigmund Freud our professional admiration and gratitude for his many contributions to psychology.

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