Theories of Motivation

Intrinsic desire

This is inspiration from within. A desire to execute well and succeed. The following will be true
  • Desire to triumph over the problem or task
  • Development of skills and habits to triumph over that problem
  • Rehearsal of successful behaviors until they are simply perfect
  • A sense of satisfaction and fun in doing the skill
  • Repeated goal setting techniques in order to advance and maintain motivation
Goals must be all of the following in order to be attainable
  • Smart
  • Measurable
  • Agreed
  • Realistic
  • Time related
  • Exciting
  • Recorded

Extrinsic determination

Extrinsic motivation comes from a source outside of the performer. They are things which can encourage the athlete to perform and fall into two communities

Tangible rewards: Physical rewards such as medals and money. These should be used sparingly with young runners to avoid a predicament where winning a reward is more important than fighting well

Intangible rewards: Compliment, recognition and achievements. These should be utilized on a regular basis to encourage the athlete to repeat the behavior which received the compliment.

Achievement motivation

The n-ach person is 'achievements motivated' and therefore seeks achievements, attainment of natural but challenging goals, and progress in the job. There is a strong dependence on feedback as to achievement and improve, and a dependence on a sense of accomplishment. People with a high need for achievement seek to excel and thus have a tendency to avoid both low-risk and high-risk situations. Achievers avoid low-risk situations because the easily gained success is not really a genuine achievements. In high-risk projects, achievers start to see the outcome as one of chance alternatively than one's own work. High n-ach individuals choose work which has a moderate possibility of success, ultimately a 50% chance. They favor either to work only or with other high achievers.

Attribution theory is a thought involved in sports mindset that investigates what folks attribute their successes and failures to. Tiger Woods for example would attribute a competition win to his potential, conviction and mental toughness whereas a fresh gym member who has lead an extremely sedentary lifestyle and has very low self-confidence might see any success they achieve to be lucky. By focusing on how your clients attribute their success or failure, you can impact their thinking and thoughts to ensure they continue to strive for their goals. Attribution theory can also enable you to understand the results of both success and failure for you and your client.

Outcome

Success

Failure

Locus of Control

Internal

Pride

Confidence

Competence

Satisfaction

Guilt

Shame

Incompetence

Depression

External

Gratitude

Thankfulness

Luck

Anger

Surprise

Astonishment

Attribution theory talks about two areas: The Locus of Control and the Outcome.

Locus of control is cracked in to two components and refers to how much individuals imagine their result is due to an interior or external factor. An interior factor can be an aspect that is at your control (e. g. Work), whereas an exterior factor is an aspect outside of your control (the weather, another person).

Outcome identifies the final consequence of the duty; success and inability. When a consumer succeeds they can feature it to either an internal or external locus of control. What they feature their success to can alter the thoughts that they feel and show. When a customer loses 5kg and features it to hard work and dedication on the part they will feel proud, have more self-assurance in their capability to attain their long term goals and be satisfied with their fitness center experience. This will lead to increased adherence to their exercise program and are more likely to renew their gym membership.

If that same client who lost 5kg attributed this result to fortune or another exterior factor such as their personal trainer, they'll feel thankful and show appreciation towards their trainer. Unfortunately they'll still lack self applied belief and can still be looking to fail at some point.

Looking at the other area of the gold coin, in inability clients follow the same process and attribute it to either an interior factor or an external one. We'll take the same exemplory case of a client attempting to lose 5kg but after 8 weeks they have only achieved a weight loss of 2kg. They blame themselves. They feel guilty, that they're incompetent and that regardless of what they do they don't achieve their goals. Otherwise if that consumer attributed their failure to an external pressure, such as their personal trainer who guaranteed results, they will be surprised it didn't happen and could even feel anger it didn't appear.

Achievement theory

This theory is the desire to do well in a sport to enable you to excel for the reason that sport, also when you succeed in a sport and reach a certain level that you yourself can easily see and in the eyes of others it implies that you possess the will to persist in behavior that permits higher play or criteria to be come to despite the possibility of failure. To help with this one must be comfortable that can perform what they attempt to do.

Attribution theory

This theory is how someone conducts a so this means of some events or event bases on the behaviour and the way they respond. This theory allows order and control. With this theory there are two sorts or attributions both inside and exterior and exemplory case of external you might be if a person is smiling, you usually read their cosmetic appearance as happy. Internal could be the behavior they are displaying due to person themselves for example if they are just upset they could operates all to themselves and prevent others.

Achievement goal theory

Achievement goal theory consists of three things that happen to be goal orientation, determination local climate and goal engagement. All of this is associated with the motivation to learn which links with goals being that they help the applicant learn key factors which effect the participants degree of intrinsic drive.

Factors adding to a motivational climate

There are three factors that impact the motivational environment, they can be: the behaviour of a head which is how the teams captain or coach functions towards his players among others the persona he has whilst on and off the pitch which affect the teams motivation because if indeed they see him behaving in a fashion that is fit for a captain then they will be encouraged and be more determined to prosper in the activity, the second factor is physical environment which is the surroundings where the team trains or players this can play a huge part in the motivations degrees of the team because if the environment is good where they train they will feel better knowing they may have the right and safe environment where they can practice and perfect their skills, the previous factor is the influence of significant others which means that anyone significant in the team including the coach the manager so if indeed they start to see the significant members of the team or club behaving in a good manner then they will be more motivated to do well and put more work however if they are acting in the wrong manner then your team may commence to question if where they is absolutely the place for them and the motivational levels will drop triggering the team to underperform.

Factors impacting on motivation

There a wide range of factors which impact the motivation of player, the first being specific factors which means anything specifically related to one payer that may cause a rise or reduction in their motivational levels in the sport, the second being personality, this is very dependent on the kind of personality players have for example if indeed they have a good one which is discovered by their team mates the motivational levels increase however if there personality stinks this might complete onto other reducing the motivational degrees of the team. The 3rd one being situation this means that what situation the players are in because every persons situation differs in relation to track record and income this can impact the players motivational levels as payers may feel the need never to be motivated rather than put in all the effort in to the sport which can cause harmful to the teams or their own private performance. Another one is the discussion with their personality and situation because if someone has a good personality but their situation is not as good as they would like then that can cause uncertainty in one's mind causing their desire levels to drop. The final one is both intrinsic and extrinsic rewards this being the rewards others give you realising good work or the achievements of a long-term goal and intrinsic with regards to their fitness as they feel happy knowing they accomplished something that needed them quite a while to do.

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