In this article, I will make an effort in quick to compare the chosen techniques, psychodynamic and the personal centred in terms of the basic concepts, goals, element of romantic relationship in remedy, techniques and program. The greater part will be kept to the examination of the strengths and weaknesses of the strategies. Finally a realization will get at the end summarising the complete discussion. As stated, the psychodynamic and the person- centred strategies are the issues of this essay.
The main amount in the psychodynamic approach is Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) whilst in the person- centred strategy is Carl Rogers (1902-1987). The psychodynamic strategy is a personality concept that studies human being development, psychodynamic strategy assumes that encounters in our first years make a difference our emotions, attitudes and behavior in old age without us being aware that it's happening. Person-centred strategy on the other hands is based on the human being experience putting much focus on helping the human being to become self aware. They are both ideal for therapy though methodology differs. Along with the person- centred approach it is your client who brings change apart from the therapist. In psychodynamic work was created to build the ego and focus on the unconscious head. The goals, in psychodynamic, it is to bring the unconscious to mindful so that the client finds way. In the individual centred the development of pushing atmosphere in terms of safety and trust is the emphasis. The techniques found in the psychodynamic. Psychodynamic uses the free relationship, interpretation, dream examination and examination of resistance, transference and also countertransference. Person centred employs mainly client therapist romance like in the existential way. Every technique which may be used, with the person- centred is to the minimal as great listening is emphasised. The three key conditions of Person centred is the fact that therapists need to hire: Congruence, Unconditional Positive Regard, and Empathy. Lastly is a short briefing in program. Under the psychodynamic one needs to be quite dedicated and there should be plans for further training as therapist. It is recommended that such candidates also proceed through intensive remedy themselves. It is expensive and time consuming. Alternatively, the individual centred way is in a variety of forms. It could be employed for group counselling, person centred expressive arts for those with speech difficulties, pupil centred teaching and learning, etc (Corey 2009).
The analysis of limitations and strengths of the two approaches is really as followed. Starting with the psychodynamic approach. Relating to (Szasz, 1978 in Dryden 2007), although the idea tried in the psychosexual display to discuss individuals development, it does not make an effort it in a coherent manner. He also attacks the idea in software that the ways changes come are also not obviously laid down. (Boeree 2009) presents a debate on the Oedipal on the psychosexual context. A couple of strong discussion on the connection children have with the opposite sex parents. But most experts do not value this view. It is only when we metaphorically approach the theory that it may make so this means. Szasz, as quoted above, is sure Freud did not treat his idea metaphorically. Another viewpoint that drawn criticism is just how Freud focused too much on sexuality. Boeree in some way defended Freud and present an example of how much most things do not forget the sex element in everything, say adverts. This same publisher does not claim the unconscious, but the question is from what degree, in what way and do we want to say that is the only way that brings about behaviour. Today analysts in other portions like humanity assume that what Freud thought the unconscious can do is much less. In the end they simply see the unconscious to possess what we do not need and what we've already seen. Boeree was quite strong to state some theorists do not even value the unconscious strategy. There is no way of demonstrating if the Unconscious actually exists.
(Corey 2009) highlights that the traditional psychoanalysis remedy is expensive, takes a very long time to deliver results for your client. The expense relates to your client. The therapist also has to go under interval training in order to handle the therapy process. Information is stressed with the remedy and it ignores what can be harvested through other methods like artwork, drama, etc. Friendly, interpersonal and social aspects aren't one of them way as it concentrates on instinctual situations is another of a weakness for the idea. The humanistic procedure would include each one of these since it is holistic. Also psychodynamic techniques cannot undertake table issues of crisis counselling, communal work and those issues from many cultures.
The work of Freud in addition has been criticized because of its subjectivity for example when interpretation occurs on dreams and transference. The fantasy is indicated and the analyst helps the client interpret the dream. Transference takes place and again the counsellor or therapist concludes. The results of the methods depend on the assumption and interpretation by the therapist. This means two therapists could interpret the same material and produce different conclusions. Psychodynamic cannot present predictable assumptions which is often experimented on like in the behavioural approaches.
This is why it will be argued that whenever we offer with the person-centred when the therapist must be congruent - who steps the congruency and who says this is the accurate level and way. The identical with dreams and analysing transference - who judges that the interpretation is correct and that this analysis is appropriate. Another criticism is having less case studies carried out by Freud. There are only a few circumstance studies completed, Little Han being the famous of all or the well known. The free connection theory was and is still getting criticism. There is merely no way we can scientifically test the methods of free connection or even fantasy analysis. Though it is still in use, it is so concerning that it calls for intensive training for one to be able to draw so this means from the slips of tongue which were brought forward in any order (Glassman and Hadad 2004).
The strengths of the system are few but very exceptional. (Boeree 2009) supports that a strong therapy was introduced by Freud. The procedure involves a slow paced life - both socially and physically. He goes to commend the transference element which other theorists do not buy. The good personal feature of the restorative agreement has generally been reinforced. A lot of criticisms are still made towards Freud's procedure, but let's keep in mind that it was Freud who taught us the importance of child years, he reminded us that experience in childhood make a difference us throughout our lives without us being aware that it is occurring. He also provided us knowledge on repression, denial, projection, and other defence mechanisms to safeguard our egos. Even if today criticism may be forth-coming on the defence theory, experience on almost all of the samples he gave on the defences continue steadily to manifest. Furthermore, going dating back to Breuer when he attached neurotic symptoms to be because of this of mental disorders, most experts still ground an understanding that a child filled with neglect, tragedy and abuse will most likely have trauma problems in the adulthood. This is propounded by Freud in his principles. Also the psychodynamic strategy proved that behaviour was related to biology. When humanists consider of men and women being responsible for their activities, Freud composed that population also inspired these actions. It was thought the male and female concept was naturally and God, but the psychodynamics argued the engagement of the family dynamics along the way. All these psychic revelations of biology and world shall be with us in one way or the other.
(Barker 2003) brings a very important factor for the psychodynamic procedure. Had it not been the task of Freud, the drive to visit further by people like Carl Jung, Alfred Adler, Melanie Klein and Erik Erikson would perhaps have been affected, who recognizes. Rogers (humanist therapist) and Perls (Gestalt therapist) both trained as psychoanalysts. No doubt the world feels the impact of psychodynamic through the works utilized by various specialists in various fields. The ideas of the psychodynamic theory influences a lot of folks around the world. We still listen to of the unconscious, repressed, ego, etc as we go about with our daily lifers.
According to (Michael 1998), the humanistic procedure upon that your person-centred concept is situated, are lots of advantages with it. A more detailed description is given about individuals motivation. Most research concentrated on physiological aspirations rather than on traits such as self-esteem and self-actualization. Whether you have acquired several mansions and millions and millions of money, they still require some satisfaction of some kind. Hence some sort of motivation is required to balance it. Instead of concentrating on important issues like self-concept, esteem, realizing our potential in life, etc in the humanism methodology, various theorists using their different approaches focused on less important causes. Hence the person-centred movement took the centre stage. It is vital with an approach to therapy that endeavours to include congruency, empathy, immediacy and occurrence. These core conditions demands particular attention in the healing process for the therapist. For the client to be afforded such attention is special and therefore this is quite a durability of the strategy. The other strength which flows from the idea is that there surely is choice - where it is being recognised that there is free will then things aren't approached in a way of responsibility. Also the strength of the therapy is the fact that it handles milder cases, individuals who are not motivated and those clients who cannot express themselves well.
(Barker 2003) supports the humanism movements that the person-centred theory comes from. He says what a wonderful procedure the ideas of primary conditions may be employed even in business, interpersonal work and education. Q kind is a method developed by Rogers to assess progress in therapy. The Q-sort was used as the dependent variable to assess whether people's concepts of themselves or others transformed as a result of treatment. It is important to learn where email address details are going. That is another strength attached to the technique. Again to emphasise the value of calculating success, (Rogers and Dymond 1954 in Glassman and Hadad 2004) referred to Rogers as keeping files of transcripts of therapy sessions to improve measurement of progress.
The approach offers its weaknesses. First is the positioning of the therapist who is prohibited to hinder the content of what your client brings in using their story or circumstance. They are likely to work from information that they do not question or assess. No one, but the client exclusively, can tells for certain if the storyline she or he presented is factual or not, Your client might just opt to stress a biased circumstance to suit what they need. Secondly the fantastic core conditions that your therapist uses his or her attitude and worth and not the techniques he or she might want to use. Finally, the central conditions - congruency, empathy, existence and immediacy. These are conditions the therapist has to use. But exactly like we experience these conditions inside our own lives, they are incredibly difficult to practice.
The phrase Congruence/ Genuineness implies that therapists are real that is, they can be open, sincere, genuine, included and authentic in the therapy hours. ' In order to be congruent with clients, counsellors have to be themselves, without the pretence. ( Roger, 1996)'. They are w
By being congruent, we signify in all honesty and real, which means, being open, honest, genuine, integrated and authentic in the therapy hours. You will find two aspects to this. The therapist to begin with really questions themselves whether they will be rehearsing this honesty aspect. Second it rests with the client to guage the therapist to be honesty or they see them to be dishonesty. Imagine continuing to be none of them judgemental in times. Where the client behaves in a odd way, whatever the behave, the therapist should stay none judgemental. Those that cannot go to town to give vivid accounts of the problems aren't likely to profit enough from the this process. Past experiences like in the psychodynamic are not very important with this type of therapy. This is yet another downside of the approach. This bill is matching to (Cardwell et al. , 2000).
The leading information in the two chosen ideas of psychodynamic and person-centred have been recognized as Sigmund Freud and Carl Rogers respectively. The psychodynamic bases its views on days gone by whilst the person-centred is based on the here and now. Person-centred strategy is drawn from the humanism strategy. It has also been earned the available that the goal for the psychodynamic is to bring to unconscious the mindful as in the person centred, the target is at a alternative manner and it is designed to bring consciousness or so this means to the clients. Some top features of the solutions have been briefly touched as vast majority of the article concentrated on durability and weaknesses.
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